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CHALLENGE
Dinoglyphs
- Prehistoric creatures carved, painted and drawn in historical artefacts

Racist Intelligence tests in colonialism

Politically and socially oriented IQ-tests in the emmigrant history

Älykkyystesti - Älykkyystestit, älyniekat, poliitikot ja rasistiset välistävetäjät vertailussa

Oikean jalan älykkyystesti

Kannattaa koittaa, aika uskomatonta, mutta totta. Mitä nyt seuraa, on sen verran kummallista, että se haastaa kaiken Mensalla testatun IQ-järkeen käyvän. Vaikka koittaisit 50 kertaa niin tuskinpa onnistut opettelemallakaan läpäisemään tätä älykkyystestiä. Toinen osaa, toinen ei. Alatko jo epäillä kykyjäsi? Oletko rotuhygienisesti väliinputoaja luuseri? Myönnä pois. Kannattaako edes yrittää? Muista, että 80% itä-Euroopan juutalaisista tai italialaisista oli "vajaamielisiä" (feebleminded) hakiessaan siirtolaisstatusta Yhdysvaltoihin muuttaessa. Älykkyystesteissä kysyttiin mm. Englannin kuningattaren nimeä. Suomessakin pääsi pakkosterilisoitavaksi parantolan älykkyystestin perusteella, jos vastasi väärin kysymyksiin kuten "Kuka hallitsee Englantia?"

1. Istu työpöytäsi ääreen.
2. Ala tehdä oikealla jalallasi rinkiä myötäpäivään.
3. Tehdessäsi kellon kiertosuunnan mukaisia rinkejä jalallasi, ala piirtää ilmaan numero kuutosta oikealla kädelläsi.


a) Sit down at your desk.
b) Start doing clockwise circles to the floor with your right foot.
c) While continuing the foot circles, start drawing number six to the air with your right arm.


Kuka onnistuu? Kenessä on a) rumpali b) lentäjä-ainesta? Aivan sama vaikket olisi onnistunutkaan. ÄÖ-testeistä ei ole onni kiinni. Sen paremmin kuin motoriikkatesteistäkään. Mutta Uuno Synkeyksen (Uno Cygnaeous) perinteessä suomalainen koululaitos suosii auditiivista oppijaa. Sen ohella on olemassa myös visuaalisia oppijoita, taktillisia oppijoita ja kinesteettisiä oppijoita, jotka eivät perinteisessä oppimistavassa pärjää. Jälkimmäinen tyyppi on learning by doing tee-se-itse -tyyppiä, joilla aivojen peilialue ei dominoi eikä matkiminen ylipäänsä ole se juttu.

"creatures so incontrovertibly ugly and repulsive as the ordinary specimens of the Mongolian race… These are all people of low stature, with wide faces and prominent cheek-bones, yellowish or dirty brown in colour---The Finns have always been weak, unintelligent, and oppressed---in the south through miscegenation with the Negroes and in the north with the Finns." (Gobineau, Inequality of Races (1853-55, 1967).

"No race could stay pure, according to Gobineau, for it was bound to mix with inferior races and thus to degenerate. "The word degenerate applied to a people means ... that this people no longer has the same intrinsic value as it had before, because it no longer has the same blood in its veins." 3 How did this degeneration of the white race occur? Gobineau believed that the yellow race had been the original inhabitants of Europe, and that these "Finns" populated all Europe, forming its lowest element. The Aryans were subsequently superimposed upon this population and eventually began to mix with it. Such miscegenation was destroying the white race. But was there still hope? Gobineau believed in the rise and fall of civilizations. The Aryan had created this civilization and inevitably miscegenation meant its fall. "The sad knowledge is not death," Gobineau concludes in his Essay, "it is the certitude that we arrive there degenerated; and perhaps that fear, reserved for our descendants, would leave us cold if we did not feel, with secret horror, that the hands of destiny are already upon us." 4
The drama of the rise and fall of civilizations is a racial drama in which the white race is the pawn. Gobineau noted that the white race was becoming more like the yellow peoples in its materialism and more like the blacks as a mob that must be ruled by force. Such inferior races were in any case bound to dominate the next stage of history."
George L. Mosse, Toward the final solution p. 54. JM Dent & Sons Ltd. London, UK, 1978,

"Finns were a primitive aboriginal people in Europe and in Asia. They were short of stature and deformed. Their limbs were feeble and they had protruding cheekbones and slanting eyes. They were more yellow than the Chinese, who had the blood of the White race. How else could the Chinese have created a high culture? Even the Hungarians were 'white Huns'; they had White ancestors… In an Aryan society at the top were Aryans, in the second class were the Celtic and Slavic peoples and men and women of mixed blood. The deformed Finns were lowest." Kemiläinen, Aira. (1998) Finns in the shadow of the ’Aryans’. Race theories and racism, Studia Historica 59. Gummerus, Jyväskylä, Finland, p. 85

Miten se taas menikään. Vasen puoli aivoja ohjaa oikeaa kylkeä ja toisinpäin. Aivoinfarktissa puhekyvyn menettänyt voi muistaa silti laulunsanat kun ne asuvat eri osassa aivoja. Lukihäiriössä luetaan kuvia käsittelevän aivoalueen avulla jne. Dysleksiasta kärsii noin 3% ihmisistä. Kasvosokeudesta (face blindness) kärsii samoin noin 3% ihmisistä. Sävelsokeudesta (tone deafness) kärsii -yllätys! - noin 3% ihmisistä. Nyt kun on saatu käyttöön tarkka mangngneettikuvaus MRI klinikkaan. TKK:n professori Riitta Hari on ensimmäinen suomalainen naispuolinen ja ainoa Suomessa asuva Yhdysvaltain tiedeseuran (National Academy of Sciences) jäsen. Hyvä Suomi! Erilaisuus on rikkautta. "Jumalan tekojen piti tulla hänessä julki", sanoi Jeesus vammaisesta (Joh. 9). "Minä teen sokean, minä teen kuuron", sanoi Jumala Moosekselle sinunkaupat tehdessään (2 Moos 4).
 

ENNEAGRAMMI & ENNEAGRAMMIT

Enneagrammi on tapa hahmottaa ihmisen tyypillistä käyttäytymistä. Se perustuu jo lapsuudessa omaksuttuihin käyttäytymismuotoihin, joiden avulla lapsi on saanut turvallisuutta ja selviytymiskokemuksia. Tätä selviytymisstrategiaa hän helposti soveltaa myös aikuisiässä. Fransiskaanipappi Richard Rohr osiutti, että jo erämaaisät tunsivat ennagrammin sen alkumodossaan (mm. Evagrios Pontoslainen 300-luvulla). Enneagrammi ennustaa siis käyttäytymistyyliä. Näitä tyylejä ajatellaan yleensä olevan yhdeksän:

1. Perfektionisti

2. Auttaja

3. Suorittaja

4. Romantikko

5. Tarkkailija

6. Kyselijä

7. Seikkailija

8. Varma

9. Sovittelija

Seuraavan testin tekemiseen saa käyttää korkeintaan 10 sekuntia: Laske kuinka monta F-kirjainta on seuraavassa tekstissä

Count the F-letters:
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++

FINISHED FILES ARE THE RESULT OF YEARS OF SCIENTIFIC STUDY COMBINED WITH THE  EXPERIENCE OF YEARS
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++

 

Doddi.

 

Älä jatka eteenpäin, ellet ole lopettanut laskemista.

 

Valmista?

 

Ja lukumäärä oli? And the count was?

 

Kolmeko?

 

Väärin meni. Tosiasiassa niitä oli kuusi - laske vaikka uudelleen. Wrong. There were six of them.

Aivot eivät useinkaan pysty käsittelemään 'OF' -prepositiota. Hassua, eikö vain? Jos kuka löysi kuusi F-kirjainta heti ensimmäisellä iskulla on tarkkaavaisuusnero, viisi tai neljäkin havaintoa on
harvinaista, kolme on normaali määrä. Jos löysit vähemmän kuin kolme, sinulla taisi olla kiire...

Jos ratkaiset seuraavan testin, ole hyvä ja siirry osoitteeseen: http://www.helsinki.fi/~pjojala/Kallonkutistajat.html

Tämä on nimittäin psyko-looginen testi. Seuraa tarina nuoresta tytöstä.

Äitinsä hautajaisissa tyttö huomaa nuoren miehen jota hän ei tunne. Tytön mielestä nuori mies on ihmeellisen kiehtova, oikea elämänsä mies. Tyttö on rakastunut.

Muutama päivä myöhemmin sama nuori tyttö surmaa oman sisarensa. Kysymys kuuluu: Mikä oli henkirikoksen motiivi?

Älä siirry lukemaan vastausta alta heti, vaan mieti ensin oma vastauksesi.

Vastaus: Hän toivoi, että nuorimies ilmestyisi uudelleen hautajaisiin. Jos vastasit oikein kysymykseen, ajattelet kuin psykopaatti.

Tämä testi on ollut tunnetun yhdysvaltalaisen psykologin käytössä, hänen tutkiessaan onko asiakkaalla myötäsyntyisesti totaalisen ei-empaattisen tappajan ajattelutapa.


Seuraa ohjeita ja vastaa kysymyksiin yksi kerrallaan sekä niin nopeasti kuin kykenet. Älä kuitenkaan siirry eteenpäin ennen kuin olet vastannut edelliseen kysymykseen mielessäsi. Ei siis tarvitse kirjoittaa vastauksia ylös. Toivon että tulet hämmästymään tuloksesta.
 

Kuinka paljon tekee:
15+6
3+56
89+2
12+53
75+26
25+52
63+32
Näin on. Laskeminen on hankalaa, mutta tämä onkin tosi harjoitus.

Vielä kerta:
123+5
NYT NOPEASTI! AJATTELE JOKU TYÖKALU JA JOKU VÄRI!
Selaa alaspäin.

 

 

Rullaa alaspäin.
 

 

 

 

Vieläkin alaspäin.
 

 

 

Ajattelet punaista vasaraa eikö vain???

Jos et ajattele, kuulut niihin 2% väestöstä joka on erilainen ja ajattelee eri tavalla. 98% väestöstä vastaa "punainen vasara", kun heillä suoritutetaan tämä harjoitus.



Possutesti.

Ei pelleilyjä vaan tehdään testi kunnolla

Ota valkoinen paperi ja piirrä sille possu.

Älä mene alemmas ennen kuin olet piirtänyt possun kokonaan!

Äläkä yritäkään

Piirrä ensin!!!

Jahas.

Oletko varma?

Possu oli persoonallisuustesti.

Jos piirsit possun

* Paperin yläosaan, olet positiivinen ja optimistinen

* Keskiosaan päin: Olet realisti

* Alaosaan päin: Olet taipuvainen pessimismiin ja negatiivista asennetta omaava

* Jos possu katsoo vasemmalle, olet perinteitä rakastava, ystävällinen ja muistat helposti syntymäpäiviä

* Jos possu katsoo oikealle, olet uudistusmielinen, aktiivinen, mutta et ole kovin perhekeskeinen, ja et piittaa tärkeistäkään päivistä

* Jos possu katsoo sinua päin: olet suora, tykkäät olla paholaisen lakimies etkä pelkää koviakaan neuvotteluja

* Mikäli lisäsit possuun paljon yksityiskohtia, olet analyyttinen, kärsivällinen ja epäilevä

* Jos et lisännyt paljonkaan yksityiskohtia, olet emotionaalinen, et kovinkaan metodologinen ja otat riskejä

* Jos piirsit vähemmän kuin 4 jalkaa, olet epäröivä ja olet muuttuvassa elämänvaiheessa

* Jos piirsit 4 jalkaa, olet varma, eteenpäin menevä ja ideologi

* Jos piirsit enemmän kuin 4 jalkaa, olet idiootti

* Korvien koko liittyy kapasiteettiisi kuunnella muita, mitä suuremmat sen parempi

MUISTA! Testi on ehdoton. Se määrää mikä, kuka, millainen, missä ja miten sinä olet. Tämä on kohtalosi, et voi muuttaa sitä. Saat valita fatalismin ja determinismin välillä, siinä valinnanvapautta. Sinun täytyy totella, mitä opettaja ja testi kertoo. Sinun täytyy totella IQ-horoskooppiasi. Sinä olet lokerossa. Pysy lestissäsi, suutari.

* Ja saparon pituus on aivan oma lukunsa.

"Ever since an influential Science paper by Wilson & King in 1975, it has been asserted that humans and chimpanzees are genetically 99% the same, but in the same journal that figure has now been described as a ‘myth’. ‘Human and chimpanzee gene copy numbers differ by a whopping 6.4%’, and researchers are finding that chunks of missing DNA, extra genes, different connections in gene networks and the very structure of chromosomes confound any quantification of “humanness” versus “chimpness”. In the case of the brain cortex, 17.4% of connections have been found to be specific to humans. In short, ‘there isn’t one single way to express the genetic distance between two complicated living organisms.’" http://www.earthhistory.org.uk/introduction/did-you-know/

 

"Take up the White Man's Burden
Send forth the best ye breed
Go, bind your sons to exile
 To serve the captives
' need:
To wait in heavy harness,
On fluttered folk and wild-
Your new-caught, sullen peoples,
Half-devil and half-child.
"

Nobelisti-kirjailija Rudyard Kiplingin kuuluisan kolonialismille omistetun ja lapsilta kielletyn runon ensi värssy.

"[it] was very poor poetry but made good sense from the expansion point of view". - Presidentti Theodore Roosevelt Kiplingistä... Weston RF, Racism in U.S. imperialism: the influence of racial assumptions on American foreign policy, 1893-1946 (1972) s. 35. Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 132.

"Nineteenth-century criminologist Cesare Lombroso, among others, pushed theories of biological determinism far beyond what was justified by the facts. Lombroso, for instance, claimed  he could tell a prostitute from a 'normal moral woman' just by the shape of her skull, nose, arms, thighs and facial wrinkles. According to Lombroso, the 'normal moral woman' was characterized by 'passivisty, docility, and apathy towards sex.' Male criminals, he wrote, could be easily identified by their 'feeble cranial capacity, heavy and developed ears, and crooked or flat noses.' For decades, such theories were taken very seriously by university professors, governmen policymakers, and police departments. So much human suffering was caused by such illfounded theories that later generations of biologists, reacting against facile determinism, refused to accept any conclusions about biological patterns and constraints of human behavior. Since the 1930s, attempts to measure intelligence of various ethnical groups have provoked bitter controversies; opponents argue that social, rather than genetic, factors are the key determinants of performance." Richard Milner, Encyclopedia of evolution (1990), s. 45. Alkaako vanhojen kokeilujen rekyylivaihe olla jo ohi ja estot latistuneet fraaseiksi?

'The intellectual traits of the uncivilized are traits recurring in the children of the civilized'. Herbert Spencer, The Principles of sociology (1895) s. 89. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 128. Näitä piirteitä taas lienee vaikeampi mitata, kuin fyysisiä, joten metodi oli altis kehäpäättelylle. Spencer laati surullisenkuuluisan käsitteen survival of the fittest kirjassaan Principles of Biology vuodelta 1864. Darwin vain lainasi käsitettä, joskaan ei tehnyt sitäkään vielä Lajien Synnyn varovaisemmassa ensimmäisessä painoksessa. otsikossa ja terminologiassaan. Nykyään tästä leimaavasta nimityksestä on luovuttu hienotunteisuussyistä. Sosiaalidarwinismille sopivampi nimitys olisi itse asiassa sosiaalispenserismi. Herbert Spenceristä (1820-1903) sanotaan: "In his personal life, Spencer's youthful rebellion against authority evolved into crankiness as he grew older. He devoted himself to thinking and writing, never married or romanced women. In later life, he was subjected to nervous disorders, disliked social company, regularly used opium and became a recluse." Richard Milner, Encyclopedia of evolution (1990) s. 415.

"'It is on the ground of these experiences that I have adopted the views on the nature of the human mind which are expounded in the second part of The Riddle of the Universe (chapters vi.-xi.). The following are the chief points: 1. The soul of a man is - objectively considered - essentially similar to that of all other vertebrates; it is the physiological action or function of the brain. 2. Like the functions of all other organs, those of the brain are effected by the cells, which make up the organ. 3. These brain-cells, which are also known as soul-cells, ganglionic cells, or neurona, are real nucleated cells of a very elaborate structure-- In any case, the fundamental fact is now empirically established that the phronema (the real organ of the soul) forms a definite part of the cortex of the brain, and that without it there can be no reason, no mental life, no thought, and no knowledge' I examine and appreciate the physiological work of the phroneta just as impartially as I deal with the organs of sense or the muscles. I find that the one is just as much subject as the other to the law of substance... Very striking examples of this are afforded in the case of idiots and microcephali, the unfortunate beings whose cerebrum is more or less stunted, and who have accordingly to remain throughout life at a low stage of mental capacity' They are like vertebrates from which the cerebrum has been partly or wholly removed in the laboratory. These may live for a long time, be artificially fed, and execute automatic or reflex (and in part purposive) motions, without our perceiving a trace of consciousness, reason, or other mental function in them' The embryology of the child-soul' Taken together, they convince us that the phronema is undeveloped in the new-born infant; and so we can no more speak in this case of a "seat of the soul" than of a "human spirit" as a centre of thought, knowledge, and consciousness. Hence the destruction of abnormal newborn infants - as the Spartans practised it, for instance, in selecting the bravest - cannot rationally be classed as "murder", as is done in even modern legal works. We ought rather to look upon it as a practise of advantage both to the infants destroyed and to the community. As the whole course of embryology is, according to our biogenetic law, an abbreviated repetition of the history of the race, we must say the same of psychogenesis, or the development of the "soul" and its organ - the phronema. Comparative psychology comes next in importance to embryology as a means of studying the ancestral history of the soul." (Ernst Haeckel, Wonders of Life, 1904, p. 11-12, 18-21.)

"We must class as a traditional dogma the widespread belief that man is bound under all circumstances to maintain and prolong life, even when it has become utterly useless - a source of pain to the incurable and of endless trouble to his friends. Hundreds of thousands of incurables - lunatics, lepers, people with cancer, etc. are artificially kept alive in our modern communities, and their sufferings are carefully prolonged, without the slightest profit to themselves or the general body? What an enormous mass of suffering these figures indicate for the invalids themselves, and what a vast amount of trouble and sorrow for their families, what a huge private and publix expenditure! How much of this pain and expense could be spared if people could make up their minds to free the incurable from their indescribable torments by a dose of morphia!" (Ernst Haeckel, Wonders of Life,1904, p. 118).

"It is to be recalled that Haeckel had written: 'Among the Spartans all newly born children were subject to a careful examination and selection. All those that were weak, sickly, or affected with any bodily infirmity, were killed. Only the perfectly healthy and strong children were allowed to live, and they alone afterwards propagated the race.' [The History of Creation, 1883, I, p. 170.] Similarly Hitler wrote: 'Sparta must be regarded as the first folkish state. The exposure of the sick, weak, deformed children, in short their destruction, was more decent and in truth a thousand times more humane than the wretched insanity of our day which preserves the most pathological subject.'[Hitler's Secret Book, p. 18] (Gasman 1971 p. 164).

�Just as the developmental history of the human embryo in his mother�s womb is only an abbreviated repetition of the history extending over millions of years, of the bodily evolution of our animal ancestors, beginning from the worm, so the mental development of the human child is only a still more abbreviated repetition of the intellectual development of these same ancestors, at least of the later ones�. Friedrich Engels 1876, Dialectics of nature, 1954 painoksessa s. 241. Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 136.

"[recapitulation is] the first important discovery which was made on the basis of the Darwinian Doctrine of Descent". A.Weismann (1904) The Evolution Theory vol. 2. The Biogenetic Law s. 159.

"At about this time (1918) Haeckel also became a member of the newly formed Thule Gesellschaft, a secret, radically right-wing organization which played a key role in the establishment of the Nazi movement. Other members of the Thule included future Nazis like Dietrich Eckart, Gottfried Feder, and Rudolf Hess. Hitler and Anton Drexler attended meetings of the Thule as guests." Daniel Gasman  (1971) The Scientific Origins of National Socialism: Social Darwinism in Ernst Haeckel and the German Monist League. MacDonald, London. p.30.

�It would be difficult to overemphasize the significance of the acceptance in Monist thinking of the literal continuity between the laws of nature and the laws of society. Any comparison which they made between the social and the natural world was in no sense analogical. Just as man was a product of nature so too was the society in which he lived a direct outgrowth of the natural world. Neither history nor its institutions representated a break or departure from nature in any way. And this position was maintained by Haeckel and the Monists with the utmost seriousness and dedication.�Gasman 34-35.

�As our mother earth is a mere speck in the sunbeam in the illimitable universe, so man himself si but a tiny grain of protoplasm in the perishable framework of organic nature.� Haeckel, Riddle p. 14 (1899)

�Woolly-haired? negroes? incapable of a true inner culture and of a higher mental development? no woolly-haired nation has ever had an important history.� Gasman p. 39.  from Ernst Haeckel's History of Creation II p. 310.

�The unprejucided and critical inquirer, when carefully comparing [the species of men] cannot rid himself of the conviction that the morphological differences between them are much more important than those by which, for instance, the various species of bears, wolves, or cats are distinguished in the zoological system. Nay, even the morphological differences between two generally recognized species � for instance sheep? and goats � are much less important than those between a Papuan and Esquimaux, or between a Hottentot and a man of the teutonic race.� Gasman p. 40. From Haeckel's The History of Creation (4 ed London Kegan Paul, 1899)

�?the lower races (such as the Veddahs or Australian Negroes) are psychologically nearer to the mammals (apes and dogs) than to civilized Europeans, we must, therefore, assign a totally different value to their lives.� Gasman p. 40. from Haeckel's, Wonders of Life p. 390.

"…It is on the ground of these experiences that I have adopted the views on the nature of the human mind which are expounded in the second part of The Riddle of the Universe (chapters vi.-xi.). The following are the chief points: 1. The soul of a man is - objectively considered - essentially similar to that of all other vertebrates; it is the physiological action or function of the brain. 2. Like the functions of all other organs, those of the brain are effected by the cells, which make up the organ. 3. These brain-cells, which are also known as soul-cells, ganglionic cells, or neurona, are real nucleated cells of a very elaborate structure-- In any case, the fundamental fact is now empirically established that the phronema (the real organ of the soul) forms a definite part of the cortex of the brain, and that without it there can be no reason, no mental life, no thought, and no knowledge… I examine and appreciate the physiological work of the phroneta just as impartially as I deal with the organs of sense or the muscles. I find that the one is just as much subject as the other to the law of substance... Very striking examples of this are afforded in the case of idiots and microcephali, the unfortunate beings whose cerebrum is more or less stunted, and who have accordingly to remain throughout life at a low stage of mental capacity… They are like vertebrates from which the cerebrum has been partly or wholly removed in the laboratory. These may live for a long time, be artificially fed, and execute automatic or reflex (and in part purposive) motions, without our perceiving a trace of consciousness, reason, or other mental function in them… The embryology of the child-soul… Taken together, they convince us that the phronema is undeveloped in the new-born infant; and so we can no more speak in this case of a "seat of the soul" than of a "human spirit" as a centre of thought, knowledge, and consciousness. Hence the destruction of abnormal newborn infants - as the Spartans practised it, for instance, in selecting the bravest - cannot rationally be classed as "murder", as is done in even modern legal works. We ought rather to look upon it as a practise of advantage both to the infants destroyed and to the community. As the whole course of embryology is, according to our biogenetic law, an abbreviated repetition of the history of the race, we must say the same of psychogenesis, or the development of the "soul" and its organ - the phronema. Comparative psychology comes next in importance to embryology as a means of studying the ancestral history of the soul." (Haeckel, Wonders of Life, 1904, 11-12, 18-21.)

“Virchow... travelled to Finland in the 1870’s in order to study the Finnish people and its roots. He was astonished when he saw that Finns were blond. His voyage was caused by the famous ‘Finnenfrage’ (‘question of the Finns’)”  Kemiläinen, Aira. (1998) Finns in the shadow of the ’Aryans’. Race theories and racism, Studia Historica 59. Gummerus, Jyväskylä, Finland, p. 69.

 

"The views on the subject of European nations which have large colonies in the tropics, and have been in touch with the natives for centuries, are very realistic, and quite different from the ideas that prevail in Germany. Our idealistic notions, strictly regulated by our academic wisdom and forced by our metaphysicians into the system of their abstract ideal-man, do not at all tally with the facts. Hence we can explain many of the errors of the idealistic philosophy and many of the practical mistakes that have been made in the recently acquired German colonies; these would have been avoided if we had had a better knowledge of the low psychic life of the natives (cf. the writings of Gobineau and Lubbock)." (Haeckel, The wonders of life, 1905, p. 390-1).

"as unshakeable a truth as is the theory of Copernicus, that the Earth goes around the Sun. No-one, who respects truth, cannot deny that. But there are many narrow-minded and zealous people to whom this embryological truth is not appealing and who label this scientific fact usually as a 'sinful' lie and a fraud. But whosoever, against his better knowledge or due to his religious narrow-mindedness, declares irrefutable scientific truths as deceit, lacks the ethical qualifications to understand that the scientific progress seeks the truth" (Bölsche, Wilhelm. (1900) Charles Darwin: elämäkerrallinen kuvaus. Finnish translation by I. Leiviskä. Vanamon kirjoja 5. Suurten miesten elämäkertoja 4. Otava, helsinki, Finland, p 61).  Bölsche, a fervent Nazi adherent later on, wrote the biography of Charles Darwin, published in Finnish as early as in 1900.

"The Characteristics which distinguish Christ's high and noble personality, and which give a distinct impress to his religion, are certainly not Semitical; they are rather features of the higher Arian race" (Haeckel in Waeltraethsel, 1899, p. 328).

"Galilee was a colony where the Romans had probably installed Gallic legionnaires and it's certain that Jesus was not a jew. The jews, by the way, regarded him as the son of a whore - of a whore and a Roman soldier." (Gasman 1971, p. 167, quoting Hitler.)

�Tattooing is one of the essential characters of primitive man - one that still survives in the savage state�. Lombroso 1887, L'homme criminel. s. 284, Zimmerns 1898 s. 756. Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 124.

�Atavism contributes to it more than anything else. They speak differently because they feel differently; they speak like savages, because they are true savages in the midst of our brilliant European civilization.� Lombroso 1887, L'homme criminel. s. 467. Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 124.

"Criminals are often as insensible to pain as savages." Ellis 1910, The Criminal s. 116, Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 124.

�Their physical insensibility well recalls that of  savage people who can bear in rites of puberty, tortures that a white man could never endure. All travellers know the indifference of Negroes and American savages to pain: the former cut their hands and laugh in order to avoid work; the latter, tied to torture post, gaily sing the praises of their tribe while they are slowly burnt�. Lombroso 1887, L'homme criminel s. 319. Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 124.

�Certain traits which seem, in the adult African, to be less changed from the embryonic condition than in the adult European�. Autenrieth 1797, Observationum ad historian embryonis facientium, pars prima, Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 126. Huom: Käsitys sekä rekapitulaatiosta, että evoluutiosta ylipäänsä, ulottuu siis  varsinaista kulttuurivallankumousta kauemmaksi menneisyyteen. On erikoista, ettei Charles Darwin viitannut esimerkiksi isoisäänsä Erasmukseen aiheessa.

�Biological arguments for racism may have been common before 1859, but they increased by orders of magnitude following the acceptance of evolutionary theory. The litany is familiar: cold, dispassionate, objective, modern science shows us that races can be ranked on a scale of superiority. If this offends Christian morality or a sentimental belief in human unity, so be it; science must be free to proclaim unpleasan truths.� Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 127. Huom. tämä on analyysiä, ei Gouldin omaa mielipidettä. 

�...tattooing, anthropometry, physiognamy... reflex activity, vaso-motor reactions and the range of sight� olisi Ferrin mukaan tullut käydä tuomion kriteereistä oikeudessa. E Ferri, Criminal Sociology s. 166. Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 122.

�Every person who passes through a normal development represents the culture stages of man; the child at first is a savage, later he becomes a barbarian, still later it is possible that he may become a civilized being.� Starr 1895, Some first step in human progress, Chautauqua Century Press, Meadville, Pa. s. 32, Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 136.

�It is obvious that I am, on the basis of my theory, a convinced believer in the inequality of races. All races have not moved the same distance forward on the path of human evolution... Quantitative differences in fetalization and retardation are the base of racial inequivalence. Looked at from this point of view, the division of mankind into higher and lower races is fully justified.� Louis Bolk, Das problem der Menschwerdung (Gustav Fischer, Jena), 1926, s. 26-38. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 133.

�We are governed by silent laws which never cease to operate and which rule society with more authority than the laws inscribed on our statute books. Crime... appears to be a natural phenomenon and, if we may borrow from the language of philosophy, a necessary phenomenon, as are birth, death, conception and mental illness.� Lombroso 1887 s. 667, Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 165.

�As we all know, the lowest races of mankind stand in close proximity to the animal world. The same is true for the infants of civilized races�. Sully, Studies of childhood (1895) s. 5. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 128. Nämä henkilöt ovat Gouldin mukaan olleet aikanaan alansa johtavia tutkijoita.

�Most savages in most respects are children, or, because of sexual maturity, more properly, adolescents of adult size�. GS Hall, Adolescence: its psychology and its relations to physiology, anthropology, sociology, sex, crime, religion, and education (1904), 2:s. 649. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 129. Gould toteaa runsaudenpulan aiheen esimerkeissä: �My catalogue of specific examples is far too long to relate.�

�The recapitulatory argument for ranking extended beyond races to any set of categories for which wealthy, Nordic males wished to assert their superiority. Lower classes within any society were a favorite target. Cope, for example, listed several simian characters among �the lower classes of the Irish�. Women fitted the argument especially well for two reasons - the social observation that men wrote all the textbooks and the morphological fact that skulls of adult women are more childlike than those of men. Since a child is a living primitive, the adult woman must be as well.� Cope, The Origin of the Fittest (1887) s. 291. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 129.

��This is one expression of a profound psychic difference between the sexes. Woman�s body and soul is phyletically older and more primitive, while man is more modern, variable, and less conservative. Women are always inclined to preserve old customs and ways of thinking. Women are always inclined to preserve old customs and ways of thinking. Women prefer passive methods; to give themselves up to the power of elemental forces, as gravity, when they throw themselves from heights or take poison, in which methods of suicide they surpass man. Ellis thinks drowning is becoming more frequent, and that therein women are becoming more womanly.� At this point, I hasten to add that I am not selecting the crackpot statements of a bygone age. I am quoting the major works of recognized leaders. The sway of biological determinism, the lack of sensitivity to environmental influence, and the blatant desire to crown one�s own group as biologically superior are quite characteristic of the time - and scarcely extinct today.� GS Hall, Adolescence: its psychology and its relations to physiology, anthropology, sociology, sex, crime, religion, and education (1904), 2 s. 194. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 130.

Ikävää oli tämän ajattelutavan poliittiset johtopäätökset �kolmatta maailmaa� kohtaan kolonialismin aikana: �The grown-up Negro partakes, as regards his intellectual faculties, of the nature of the child, the female, and the senile white... Some tribes have founded states, possessing a peculiar organization; but, as to the rest, we may boldly assert that the whole race has, neither in past nor in the present, performed anything tending to the progress of humanity or worthy of preservation�. Vogt, Lectures on Man (1864) s. 192. On sanottu, että monet Afrikan kriisit ja sisällissodat johtuvat siitä, että maiden itsenäistyessä kolonialismin jälkilöylyissä imperiumit vetivät uusien valtioiden rajat �oksat pois� -tyyliin. Käytännön tasolla kolonialismi jatkuu edelleen kapitalismin muodossa. �Kehitysmaiden� vientitase on alijäämäinen ja tuottajat saavat vaikkapa suomalaisen maksamasta elintarvikkeesta usein vain noin prosentin.

Naistutkijoita esiintyi suhteellisen varhaisessa vaiheessa lapsen kehityksen alalla. Millicent W. Shinn tuo naisnäkökulmaa poikien partiolaispuuhiin: �It has long been observed that there is a curious resemblance between babies and monkeys, between boys and barbaric tribes. Schoolboys administer law among themselves much as a tribal court does; babies sit like monkeys, with the soles of their little feet facing each other. Such semblances led, long before the age of Darwin, to the speculation that children in developing passed through stages similar to those the race has passed through; and the speculation has become an accepted doctrine since embryology has shown how each individual before birth passes in successive stages through the lower forms of life... If we can thoroughly decipher this ontogenic record, then what may we not hope to learn of the road by which we human beings came?� Shinn, The biography of a baby (1900) s. 7-8. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 137.

�Fear appears early in the life of the child as it seems to appear low down in the zoological scale.� Hall listed nearly 50 common fears as phyletic vestiges. Some are inheritances from a recent past - big eyes and teeth �must owe some of their terrors to ancestral reverberations from the long ages during which man struggled for existence with animals with big or strange eyes and teeth��. GS Hall 1896 s. 93. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 139.

�The shore where these forms first emerged and became amphibian... is no less than a passion to children... It accounts for a large proportion of all truancies. To paddle, splash, swim, and sun sometimes constitutes almost a hydroneurosis, and children pine all winter and live only for the next summer at the sea.� GS Hall 1896 s. 192-194. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 140.

�The weather fears and the incessant talk about weather fit a conditions of life in trees, caves or tents�. GS Hall 1897 s. 246-247. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 140.

 

"With regard to Mendelism, Morgan felt that by postulating hereditary particles whose actual existence as well as precise nature were unknown, Mendelians fell into the same trap as Haeckel and Weismann: resorting to speculation (especially about ultimate particles) when they lacked concrete evidence…'In the modern interpretation of Mendelism, facts are being transformed into factors at a rapid rate. If one factor will not explain the facts, then two are invoked; if two prove insufficient, three will sometimes work out. The superior jugglery sometimes necessary to account for the results are often so excellently 'explained' because the explanation was invented to explain them and then, presto! explain the facts by the very factors that we invented to account for them… I realize how valuable it has been to us to be able to marshal our results under a few simple assumptions, yet I cannot but fear that we are rapidly developing a sort of Mendelian ritual by which to explain the extraordinary facts of alternative inheritance." Allen, G. E. (1984) Thomas Hunt Morgan: Materialism and Experimentalism in the Development of Modern Genetics. Social Research, 51(3): 709-738

Leikistä tämä auktoriteetti kirjoitti: �I regard play as the motor habits and spirit of the past of the race, persisting in the present, as rudimentary functions sometimes of and always akin to rudimentary organs. The best index and guide to the stated activities of adulkts in past ages is found in the instinctive, untaught, and non-imitive plays of children... Thus we rehearse the activities of our ancestors, back we know not how far, and repeat their life work in summative and adumbrated ways.� GS Hall, Adolescence: its psychology and its relations to physiology, anthropology, sociology, sex, crime, religion, and education (1904), 1: s. 202. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 140.

"President Teddy Roosevelt, strongly impressed by Hall's views on the education of pre-adolescents, stated in a letter: 'I must write you to thank you for your sound common sense, decency and manliness in what you advocate for the education of children. Over-sentimentality, over-softness, in fact, washiness and mushiness are the great dangers of this age of this people. Unless we keep the barbarian virtues, gaining the civilized ones will be of little avail.'" Gould, Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 426.

Mitä kouluopetukseen tulee, niin 1900-luvun taitteessa ei uskottu, vaan tiedettiin että: �Every conception of this 19th century, has been cross-fertilized by the doctrine of evolution... But much remains to be done in applying the teachings of evolution in actual plans and methods of instruction. The logical order is so simple, so coherent, and so attractive, that it seems a pity tosurrender it for the less trim and less precise order of development, but this will have to be done if teaching efficiency according to evolution is to be had. The course of evolution in the race and in the individual furnishes us also with the clue of the natural order and the real relationships of studies.� M Butler, Status of education at the close of the century (1900), Educ. Rev. 19: 320-321. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 149.

Rekapitulaatio ei siis ollut ainoastaan poikkitieteellinen apparaatti, vaan koko kouluopetus lepäsi pedagogiikkansakin puolesta edistyneimmissä suunnitelmissa sen varassa. �We are fond of thinking of education as the process of realizing in each individual the experience of the race, but we have not emphasied the idea that the child can best get this experience in the same order that the race obtained it.� De Garmo, Herbart and the herbartians (1895) s. 109-110. Gould käsittelee �The idea of basing primary school curricula upon recapitulation...� selviönä ainakin Englannissa ja Saksassa, mutta sanoo Yhdysvalloista: �I cannot judge how popular these recapitulatory curricula became in America; I do not think that the Zillerian Herbartians ever achieved a majority position. But they were certainly no fringe movement and the lives of millions of school children were directly influenced by their practices.  I have tried to survey the primers and instructional manuals of 1880-1915 and have discovered a strong influence for recapitulation in the establishment of curricula.... Nonetheless, I believe that recapitulation had a lasting influence in American primary education... Furthermore, recapitulation was a major weapon in the liberalization of education and the increasing freedom of children... we must, instead, mold education to the child by following the course of his natural development. We must not expect adult behavior and ethical judgment from young children.� Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 149-151. Suomessa vaikuttaneesta Uno Cygnaeuksesta (lausutaan:  Uuno Synkeys) täällä päin en tiedä muuta, kuin että hän asui Alaskassa ortodoksien parissa - mikä saattoi viilentää terveellä tavalla tunteita noihin aikoihin...

�Recapitulation, in short, became the strongest argument for child-centered education: �Since it is the order of nature that the new organism should pass through certain developmental stages, it behooves us to study nature�s plan and seek rather to aid than to thwart it. For nature must be right; there is no higher criterion... The parallelism of phylogeny and ontogeny enforces the argument in favor of natural development... It furnishes a double support to the view that education should be a process of orderly and gradual unfolding, without precocity and without interference, from low to ever higher stages; that forcing is unnatural and that the mental pabulum should be suited to the stage of development reached.�� Guillet 1900 in Thorndike, Educational psychology (1919) s. 104-105. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 155.

�In nothing is the courage of the psychoanalysts better seen than in their use of the biogenetic law. They certainly employ that great biological slogan of the nineteenth century with a fearlessness that makes the timid twentieth century biologist gasp.� WM Wheeler 1917 s. 226 Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 156.

Kapitalismia perusteltiin biologisena välttämättömyytenä seuraavin sanoin: �Do we believe that the child recapitulates the history of the race. If so we may not be surprised to find the passion for property-getting a natural one. Selfishness is the cornerstone of the struggle for existence, deception is at its very foundation, while the acquiring of property has been the most dominant factor in the history of men and nations. These passions of the child are but the pent up forces of the greed of thousands of years.� Kline and France, in Thayer, The passing of the recitation (1928) s. 64. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny (1977) s. 165.

John Dewey on keskeinen esimerkki biologisesta determinismistä: �He finally rejected the culture epochs for their implivation that �past life has somehow predetermined the main traits of an individual, and that they are so fixed that little serious change can be introduced into them��. Dewey 1916, Democracy and Education. s. 86. Gould Ontogeny and phylogeny 1977 s. 166.Lukion äidinkielenopettajani opasti itseänikin aikanaan sanoen, ettei ihminen voi muuttaa toiminnastaan kuin noin 10 prosenttia. En koskaan käsittänyt, mistä ko. luku tuli, mutta ei tuo ohje pääsääntöisestä järin motivoiva liene.

"I regard Christianity as the most fatal, seductive lie that has ever existed." Kuoropoika, postikorttitaiteilija, reservin korpraali ja populisti Adolf Hitler, lainattu: Larry Azar, Twentieth Century in Crisis (1990), p. 155. Tällä Hitler tarkoitti lähinnä kristinuskon etiikkaa ja ajatusta heikon auttamisesta jne., joka vaikutti luonnonvalinnan vastaiselta. Mahtipontisempia jakeita hän sen sijaan lainaili ahkerasti omiin tarkoitusperiinsä.

"This doctrine of racial supremacy Hitler took at face value . . He accepted evolution much as we today accept Einsteinian relativity.� Larry Azar, Twentieth Century in Crisis (1990), p. 180.

"Mussolini�s attitude was completely dominated by evolution. In public utterances, he repeatedly used the Darwinian catchwords while he mocked at perpetual peace, lest it hinder the evolutionary process." R.E.D. Clark, Darwin: Before and After (1948), p. 115.

"Benito Mussolini, who brought fascism to Italy, was strengthened in his belief that violence is basic to social transformation by the philosophy of  Neitzsche." Encyclopedia Britannica  (1982), Vol. 16, s. 27.

Banaanikärpästen herra Theodosius Dobzhansky  myöntää: �Natural selection can favor egotism, hedonism, cowardice instead of  bravery, cheating and exploitation.�  Theodosius Dobzhansky, "Ethics and Values in Biological and Cultural Evolution", Los Angeles Times, June 16, 1974, s. 6.

Douglas Futuyma tuntuu kuitenkin sanovan sanottavansa subjektiivisesti: �Some shrink from the conclusion that the human species was not designed, has no purpose, and is the product of mere mechanical mechanisms � but this seems to be the message of evolution.� Futuyma, Douglas (1983). Science on Trial: The Case for Evolution s. 12-13

Itse George Gaylord Simpson kirjoittaa: �Man is the result of a purposeless and natural process that did not have him in mind.�  GG Simpson, The Meaning of Evolution, revised edition (1967) New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967, s. 345.

Tieteenfilosofi Michael Ruse ja kohuttu sosiobiologi Edward Wilson postuloivat ilmeisesti tosiasiana: "Ethics is an illusion, that our genes cause." Ruse, M. ja Wilson, E.O. (1985). Evolution and Ethics, New Scientist 108, 50.

Science-lehdessä on kirjoiteltu: �Unbridled self-indulgence on the part of one generation without regard to a future one is the modus operandi of biological evolution and may be regarded as rational behavior." W.H. Murdy (1975), Anthropocentrism - A Modern Version, Science March 28, s. 1169-1172.

"Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose… An atheist before Darwin could have said, following Hume: 'I have no explanation for complex biological design. All I know is that God isn't a good explanation, so we must wait and hope that somebody comes up with a better one.' I can't help feeling that such a position, though logically sound, would have left one feeling pretty unsatisfied, and that although atheism might have been logically tenable before Darwin, Darwin made it possible to be an intellectually fulfilled atheist." (Richard Dawkins, Blind Watchmaker, 1986, p. 6).

 

CATASTROPHISM AND DECAY IS THE KEY TO (be prepared and to survive in) HISTORY. NOT CONSTANT DEVELOPMENT.

KATAOSTROFISMI ON AVAIN MENNEISYYTEEN. LUOMINEN, RAPPEUTUMINEN, KATASTROFISMI JA SOPEUTUMINEN MUUTTUNEISIIN ELINOLOIHIN SELITTÄÄ LUONNONHISTORIAN HAVAINTOJA EVOLUUTIO-LITURGIAA PAREMMIN.

 


THE STRONG WILL DIE IN EXTINCTION. SHEEP WILL SURVIVE.

VAHVAT SORTUU ELONTIELLÄ. HEIKKO SENKUN PORSKUTTAA.

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"'Social Darwinism' is often taken to be something extraneous, an ugly concretion added to the pure Darwinian corpus after the event, tarnishing Darwin's image. But his notebooks make plain that competition, free trade, imperialism, racial extermination, and sexual inequality were written into the equation from the start- 'Darwinism' was always intended to explain human society." (Desmond, Adrian [Science historian, University College, London] & Moore, James [Science historian, The Open University, UK], "Darwin," [1991], Penguin: London, 1992, reprint, pp.xix).

"A peculiarity of Darwinism, both in biology and in other fields, is that it explains too much. It is very hard to imagine a condition of things which could not be explained in terms of natural selection. If the state of various elements at a given moment is such and such then these elements have displayed their survival value under the existing circumstances, and that is that. Natural selection explains why things are as they are: It does not enable us, in general, to say how they will change and vary. It is in a sense rather a historical than a predictive principle and, as is well known, it is rather a necessary than a sufficient principle for modern biology. In consequence its results when applied to social affairs were often rather odd." (MacRae, Donald G. [Reader in Sociology, University of London], "Darwinism and the Social Sciences," in Barnett S.A., ed., "A Century of Darwin," [1958], Mercury Books: London, 1962, reprint, p.304).

"Finally, there is the question of natural selection. In one sense, the influence of the theory of natural selection on sociology was enormous. It created for a while, in fact, a branch of sociology. It seems now to be felt that the influence on sociology of the doctrine of 'survival of the fittest' was theoretically speaking, unfortunate, chiefly because it seemed to offer an explanatory short cut, and encouraged social theorists to aspire to be Darwins when probably they should have been trying to be Linnaeuses or Cuviers. As Professor MacRae points out, in sociology the principle explains too much. Any state of affairs known to exist or to have existed can be explained by the operation of natural selection. Like Hegel's dialectic and Dr Chasuble's sermon on The Meaning of Manna in the Wilderness, it can be made to suit any situation. However, 'Social Darwinism ' was only a subspecies of the intellectual movement we are considering. Neither Maine, nor Tylor, nor McLennan made much use of the theory of natural selection and Spencer used it only as a garnish for a theory he had already developed." (Burrow, John W. [Professor of Intellectual History, University of Sussex, UK], "Evolution and Society: A Study in Victorian Social Theory," [1966], Cambridge University Press: London, 1968, reprint, p.115).

"At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilised races of man will almost certainly exterminate, and replace, the savage races throughout the world. At the same time the anthropomorphous apes, as Professor Schaaffhausen has remarked, will no doubt be exterminated. The break between man and his nearest allies will then be wider, for it will intervene between man in a more civilized state, as we may hope, even than the Caucasian, and some ape as low as a baboon, instead of as now between the negro or Australian and the gorilla." (Darwin, Charles R. [English naturalist and founder of the modern theory of evolution], "The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex," [1871], John Murray: London, Second Edition, 1922, reprint, pp.241-242).

"The more civilized so-called Caucasian races have beaten the Turkish hollow in the struggle for existence. Looking to the world at no very distant date, what an endless number of the lower races will have been eliminated by the higher civilised races throughout the world." (Darwin, Charles R. [English naturalist and founder of the modern theory of evolution], "The Life of Charles Darwin", [1902], Senate: London, 1995, reprint, p.64).

"It may be quite true that some negroes are better than some white men; but no rational man, cognisant of the facts, believes that the average negro is the equal, still less the superior, of the average white man. And, if this be true, it is simply incredible that, when all his disabilities are removed, and our prognathous relative has a fair field and no favour, as well as no oppressor, he will be able to compete successfully with his bigger-brained and smallerjawed rival, in a contest which is to be carried on by thoughts and not by bites. The highest places in the hierarchy of civilisation will assuredly not be within the reach of our dusky cousins, though it is by no means necessary that they should be restricted to the lowest." (Huxley, Thomas Henry [Anatomist, Dean of the Royal College of Science, and "Darwin's Bulldog"], "Emancipation-Black and White," in Rhys E., ed., "Lectures and Lay Sermons," [1871], Everyman's Library, J.M. Dent & Co: London, 1926, reprint, p.115).

"With savages, the weak in body or mind are soon eliminated; and those that survive commonly exhibit a vigorous state of health. We civilised men, on the other hand, do our utmost to check the process of elimination; we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed, and the sick; we institute poor-laws; and our medical men exert their utmost skill to save the life of every one to the last moment. There is reason to believe that vaccination has preserved thousands, who from a weak constitution would formerly have succumbed to small-pox. Thus the weak members of civilised societies propagate their kind. No one who has attended to the breeding of domestic animals will doubt that this must be highly injurious to the race of man. It is surprising how soon a want of care, or care wrongly directed, leads to the degeneration of a domestic race; but excepting in the case of man himself, hardly any one is so ignorant as to allow his worst animals to breed." (Darwin, Charles R. [English naturalist and founder of the modern theory of evolution], "The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex," [1871], John Murray: London, Second Edition, 1922, reprint, pp.205-206).

"Since Darwin's death, all has not been rosy in the evolutionary garden. The theories of the Great Bearded One have been hijacked by cranks, politicians, social reformers-and scientists-to support racist and bigoted views. A direct line runs from Darwin, through the founder of the eugenics movement-Darwin's cousin, Francis Galton-to the extermination camps of Nazi Europe." (Brookes, Martin.,"Ripe old age," Review of "Of Flies, Mice and Men," by Francois Jacob, Harvard University Press, 1999. New Scientist, Vol. 161, No. 2171, 30 January 1999, p.41).

"Haeckel was the chief apostle of evolution in Germany. Nordenskiold (1929) argues that he was even more influential than Darwin in convincing the world of the truth of evolution. ... But, as Gasman argues, Haeckel's greatest influence was, ultimately, in another, tragic direction-national socialism. His evolutionary racism; his call to the German people for racial purity and unflinching devotion to a "just" state; his belief that harsh, inexorable laws of evolution ruled human civilization and nature alike, conferring upon favored races the right to dominate others; the irrational mysticism that had always stood in strange communion with his brave words about objective science-all contributed to the rise of Nazism. The Monist League that he had founded and led, though it included a wing of pacifists and leftists, made a comfortable transition to active support for Hitler." (Gould, Stephen J. [Professor of Zoology and Geology, Harvard University], "Ontogeny and Phylogeny," Belknap Press: Cambridge MA, 1977, pp.77-78).

"The case for Darwinism cannot be based on any edification that is supposed to come from its truths. Through eugenics, Darwinism was a bad influence on Nazism, one of the greatest killers in world history. Darwinism probably contributed to the upsurge of racism in the latter part of the nineteenth century, and thus it helped foment twentieth-century racism generally. Darwinism was also used to exacerbate the neglect of the poor in the nineteenth century. All things considered, Darwinism has had many regrettable, and sometimes actually vicious, effects on the social climate of the modern world. Modern Darwinism does not offer any guarantee of unending progress. It is understandable that so many hate Darwin and Darwinism. It is often a bitter burden to live with Darwinism and its implications. Unlike so many doctrines, religions, and ideologies, it certainly isn't intellectual opium. No one can make a case for Darwinism based on moral hygiene." (Rose M.R. [Professor of Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Irvine], "Darwin's Spectre: Evolutionary Biology in the Modern World," [1998], Princeton University Press: Princeton NJ, 2000, Third printing, p.210).

"In science's pecking order, evolutionary biology lurks somewhere near the bottom, far closer to phrenology than to physics. For evolutionary biology is a historical science, laden with history's inevitable imponderables. We evolutionary biologists cannot generate a Cretaceous Park to observe exactly what killed the dinosaurs; and, unlike "harder" scientists, we usually cannot resolve issues with a simple experiment, such as adding tube A to tube B and noting the color of the mixture. The latest deadweight dragging us closer to phrenology is "evolutionary psychology," or the science formerly known as sociobiology, which studies the evolutionary roots of human behavior. There is nothing inherently wrong with this enterprise, and it has proposed some intriguing theories, particularly about the evolution of language. The problem is that evolutionary psychology suffers from the scientific equivalent of megalomania. Most of its adherents are convinced that virtually every human action or feeling, including depression, homosexuality, religion, and consciousness, was put directly into our brains by natural selection. In this view, evolution becomes the key--the only key-- that can unlock our humanity." (Coyne, Jerry A. [Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago], "The fairy tales of evolutionary psychology." Review of "A Natural History of Rape: Biological Bases of Sexual Coercion," by Randy Thornhill & Craig T. Palmer, MIT Press, 2000. The New Republic, March 4, 2000.).

"This problem of just-so story telling is not some minor irritation to do with the perennial problem of giraffes, dismissable as some naive caricature of what you really proposed in your theory of evolution. The problem runs much deeper and wider, embracing many new disciplines of evolutionary psychology, Darwinian medicine, linguistics, biological ethics and sociobiology. Here quite vulgar explanations are offered, based on the crudest applications of selection theory, of why we humans are the way we are. There seems no aspect of our psychological make-up that does not receive its supposed evolutionary explanation from the sorts of things our selfish genes forced us to do 200,000 to 500,000 years ago. ... Not only is there the embarrassing spectacle of psychologists, philosophers and linguists rushing down the road of selfish genetic determinism, but we are also shackled with their self-imposed justification in giving 'scientific' respectability to complex behavioural phenomena in humans which we simply do not so far have the scientific tools and methodologies to investigate. There is a naivety about genetic determinism in both evolution and development that signifies intellectual laziness at best and shameless ignorance at worst when confronted with issues of massive complexity." (Dover, Gabriel [Professor of Genetics, University of Leicester], "Dear Mr Darwin: Letters on the Evolution of Life and Human Nature," [1999], University of California Press, Berkeley CA, 2000, reprint, p.45).

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Kriittisen yhteenvedon Haeckelin tähdittämästä episodista tarjoaa tieteenfilosofian kauhukakaraksi ryhtynyt entinen Wehrmachtin majurin sijainen Paul Feyerabend. Hän osoitti sormellaan pseudotiedettä ja varoitti:
"Science is much closer to myth than a scientific philosophy is prepared to admit. It is one of the many forms of thought that have been developed by man, and not necessarily the best. It is conspicuous, noisy, and impudent, but it is inherently superior only for those who have already decided in favour of a certain ideology, or who have accepted it without ever having examined its advantages and its limits. And as the accepting and rejecting of ideologies should be left to the individual it follows that the separation of state and church must be complemented by the separation of state and science, that most recent, most aggressive, and most dogmatic religious institution. Such a separation may be our only chance to achieve a humanity we are capable of, but have never fully realized." Paul Feyerabend (1975), Against Method, Verso, 1987 (1975), s.295.

Tietokilpailu siitä, kuka tietää että Evoluutio on ihan varmasti totta

The INFAMOUS Quiz on the Acceptance of Evolution 2006

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/313/5788/765/DC1
 

Kuvien lähteet; References for the figures
http://www.kp-art.fi/taustaa/taustaa1/
http://www.kp-art.fi/taustaa/taustaa2/
www.hissheep.org/evolution/images/flood002.jpg
http://abyssalleviathin.wordpress.com/
http://www.creationism.org/books/TaylorInMindsMen/TaylorIMMd04.htm
http://www.creationscience.com/onlinebook/LifeSciences26.html
http://www.creationresearch.net/research/More%20research%20photos.htm
http://www.creationism.org/books/TaylorInMindsMen/TaylorIMMd04.htm
www.sentex.net/~tcc/ppp1.html
www.darwinisdead.com/Geologic%20Column.htm
http://www.creationism.org/books/TaylorInMindsMen/TaylorIMMd04.htm


Pauli Ojala
Biokemian jatko-putki-iki-tuli-hiki -opiskelija, diletantti

www.kp-art.fi/

"Darwin did not and could not test the reality of the tree pattern.

Indeed, one is hard pressed to find some theory-free body of evidence that such a single universal pattern relating all life forms exists independently of our habit of thinking that it should."

W. F. Doolittle & E. Bapteste, 2007. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104:2045.