Mikko's Phylogeny Archive

PanicMain Groups of Terrestrial Plants

  Cycadales - cycads  

 

After Hill, 1998 [from Stevenson 1992]

<==o Cycadales (cycads; käpypalmut)
   |?-o †Ctenis Lindley & Hutton, 1834 emend. Harris, 1964
   |  |-- †C. sulcicaulis (Phillips, 1826) Ward, 1905 [Cycadites sulcicaulis Phillips, 1826]
   |  |-- †C. minuta Florin, 1933
   |  `-- †C. latifolia (Brongniart) Seward [nomen dubium]
   |--o Cycadineae
   |  `--o Cycadaceae
   |     `-- Cycas ()? [94]
   `--o Zamiineae
      |--o Stangeriaceae
      |  |--o Stangerioideae
      |  |  `-- Stangeria eriopus T.Moore
      |  `--o Bowenioideae
      |     `--o Bowenia
      |        |-- †B. eocenica
      |        |-- †B. papillosa
      |        `--+-- B. spectabilis
      |           `--+-- B. serrulata
      |              `-- B. sp.
      `--o Zamiaceae (Zamia-käpypalmut)
         |--o Encephalartoideae
         |  |--o Diooeae
         |  |  `-- Dioon ()? [11]
         |  `--o Encephalarteae
         |     |--o Encephalartinae
         |     |  `-- Encephalartos ()? [63]
         |     `--o Macrozamiinae
         |        |-- Macrozamia ()? [38]
         |        `--o Lepidozamia
         |           |-- L. hopei
         |           `-- L. peroffskyana
         `--o Zamioideae
            |--o Ceratozamieae
            |  `-- Ceratozamia ()? [18]
            `--o Zamieae
               |--o Microcycadinae
               |  `-- Microcycas calocoma
               `--o Zamiinae
                  |-- Zamia ()? [53]
                  `--o Chigua
                     |-- C. restrepoi
                     `-- C. bernalii

Reference(s):

Cleal, C. J. & Rees, P. M., 2003: The Middle Jurassic Flora from Stonesfield, Oxfordshire, UK.
–Palaeontology: Vol. 46, #4, pp. 739-801

Hill, K., 1998-: The Cycad Pages.
–iNet: Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/PlantNet/cycad/index.html

Hill, K., 1998-: The Cycad Pages - genus Lepidozamia.
–iNet: Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/PlantNet/cycad/lepkey.html

Hill, K., 1998-: The Cycad Pages - genus Stangeria
–iNet: Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/PlantNet/cycad/stakey.html

Hill, K., 1998-: The Cycad Pages - genus Bowenia
–iNet: Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/PlantNet/cycad/bowkey.html

Hill, K., 1998-: The Cycad Pages - genus Microcycas
–iNet: Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/PlantNet/cycad/mickey.html

Hill, K., 1998-: The Cycad Pages - genus Chigua
–iNet: Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.gov.au/PlantNet/cycad/chikey.html

University of California, Museum of Paleontology, 2002-: Introduction to the Cycads - Legacy of the Mesozoic.
–iNet: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/seedplants/cycadophyta/cycads.html

University of California, Museum of Paleontology, 2002-: Cycads: Fossil Record.
–iNet: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/seedplants/cycadophyta/cycadfr.html

University of California, Museum of Paleontology, 2002-: The Stangeriaceae.
–iNet: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/seedplants/cycadophyta/stangeriaceae.html

 

© Mikko Haaramo,

/ Last updated 2003-08-25 / http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo