Mikko's Phylogeny Archive

PanicMain Groups of Mammals

  Edentata – edentates  

 

After McKenna & Bell, 1997

Alternative family-level phylogeny after Carroll, 1988

<==o Edentata Cuvier, G., 1798 (edentates; vajaahampaiset)
   `--o Xenarthra Cope, 1889
      |-- Cingulata Illiger, 1811 [Loricata Owen, 1842] (armadillos; vyötiäiset)
      `--o Pilosa Flower, 1883 [Bradypoda Blumenbach, 1779; Anicanodonta Ameghino, 1889]
         |?- †Trematherium Ameghino, 1887
         |?-o †Entelopidae Ameghino, 1889 [Synonyms]
         |  |-- †Entelops Ameghino, 1887
         |  `-- †Delotherium Ameghino, 1889 [Dideilotherium Ameghino, 1889]
         |?- †Eurotamandua joresi Storch, 1981 sensu Gaudin & Branham, 1998; M.Eoc. CEu. [however, see Manidae [Epitheria: Pholidota:] for alternative relationship.]
         |-- Phyllophaga Owen, 1842 [Synonyms] (sloths; laiskiaiset)
         `--o Vermilingua Illiger, 1811 emend. Gray, 1869 [Synonyms] (tamanduas; muurahaiskarhut)
            |?- †Argyromanis Ameghino, 1904
            |?- †Orthoarthrus Ameghino, 1904
            |--o Cyclopedidae Pocock, 1924 (pikkumuurahaiskarhut) [Synonyms]
            |  |-- †Palaeomyrmidon Roverento, 1914
            |  `-- Cyclopes didactylus Gray, 1821 [Cyclothurus Lesson, 1842; Cycloturus Sclater, 1871; Mamcyclothurus Herrera, 1899] (pikkumuurahaiskarhu)
            `--o Myrmecophagidae Gray, 1825 (isomuurahaiskarhut) [Synonyms]
               |?- †Promyrmecophagus Ameghino, 1904
               |-- †Protamandua Ameghino, 1904
               `--+--o Tamandua Gray, 1825 [Tamanduas Guvier, F., 1829] (tamandut, pikkumuurahaiskarhut)
                  |  |-- T. mexicana (pohjantamandu)
                  |  `-- T. tetradactyla (tamandu)
                  `--+-- †Neotamandua Rovereto, 1914
                     `--o Myrmecophaga Linnaeus, 1758 [Mammyrmecophagaus Herrera, 1899; Falcifer, Rehn, 1900: + †Nunezia Kraglievich, 1934] (isomuurahaiskarhut) [1 Recent species]
                        `-- M. tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758 (isomuurahaiskarhu)

Reference(s):

Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.
–W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698

Carroll, R. L., 1988: Appendix. 594-648
in Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.
–W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698

Gaudin, T. J. & Branham, D. G., 1998: The Phylogeny of the Myrmecophagidae (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Vermilingua) anf the Relationship of Eurotamandua to the Vermilingua.
–Journal of Mammalian Evolution: Vol. 5, #3, pp. 237-265

McKenna, M. C. & Bell, S. K., (eds.) 1997: Classification of mammals – above the species level.
–Columbia University Press, New York, 1997, xii-631

Nowak, R. M., 1991: Walker's Mammals of the World; Part 1.
–The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, 1991, xlviii-642-lxiii

Nowak, R. M., 1991: Walker's mammals of the World; Part 2.
–The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, 1991, xii-643-1629

 

© Mikko Haaramo,

/ Last updated 2003-06-30 / http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo