Mikko's Phylogeny Archive
  Mikko's Phylogeny Archive Chordate Groups
  Conodonta - conodonts  
 

After Sweet & Donoghue, 2001

An alternative [older] taxonomy of conodonts.

<==o †Conodonta Pander, 1856 non? Eichenberg, 1930 [Conodontochordata; Conodontida] (konodontit; conodonts)
   |-- †Paraconodontida
   `--+--o †Caviodonti
      |  `-- †Protoconodontida
      `--o †Conodonti Pander, 1856 [non Branson, 1938]
         |-- †Teridontus
         `--+-- †Protopanderodontida
            `--o †Prioniodontida Dzik, 1976 [non Sweet, 1988] [Prioniodontacea]
               |--o †Rossodus
               |  `-- †R. barnesi
               `--+-- †Multioistodontidae
                  `--o †Oistodontidae
                     |--o †Periodontidae
                     |  `--o †Periodon
                     |     |-- †P. aculeatus
                     |     |-- †P. gladysi
                     |     `-- †P. flabellum
                     `--+--o †Rhipidognathidae Lindström, 1970 sensu Sweet, 1988
                        |  |?- †Trincodus palaris Bauer, 1987
                        |  |-- †Appalachignathus delicatulus Bergström, Carnes, Ethington, Votaw & Wigley, 1974
                        |  |--o †Bergstroemognathus Serpagli, 1974, E. Ord. NA. SA. EAs. SAs. Aust.
                        |  |  |-- †B. extensus (Graves & Ellison, 1941) Serpagli, 1974, [Oistodon extensus Graves & Ellison, 1941]
                        |  |  |-- †B. hubeiensis An, in An, Chen & Li, 1981
                        |  |  |-- †B. pectiniformis Yang & Zhang, in An et al., 1983
                        |  |  `-- †B. kirki Stait & Druce, 1993
                        |  `--o †Rhipidognathus Branson, Mehl & Branson, 1951
                        |     |?- †R. yichengensis (Ni, 1981) [Honghuayuangnathus yichengensis Ni, 1981, incl. Honghuayuangnathus hubeienis Ni, 1981]
                        |     |?- †R. paucidentata Palmieri, 1979
                        |     `-- †R. symmetrica Branson, Mehl & Branson, 1951
                        `--+--o †Prioniodontidae Bassler, 1925
                           |  |--o †Prioniodus Pander, 1856
                           |  |  `-- †P. elegas Pander, 1856
                           |  |--o †Reutterodus Serpagli, 1974
                           |  |  `-- †R. andinus Serpagli, 1974
                           |  `--o †Stiptognathus Ethington, Lehnert & Repetski, 2000
                           |     `-- †S. borealis (Repetski, 1982) [Reutterodus borealis Repetski, 1982]
                           `--+--+== †Balognathidae [paraphyletic]
                              |  |-- †Polyplacognathidae
                              |  `--+--o †Distomodontidae
                              |     |  `--o †Distomodus
                              |     |     `-- †D. staurognathoides
                              |     `--+--o †Icriodellidae
                              |        |  `--o Icriodella
                              |        |     `-- I. deflecta Aldridge, 1972
                              |        `--o †Icriodontidae Müller & Müller, 1957
                              |           `--o †Icriodus Branson & Mehl, 1938
                              |              |-- †I. expansus Branson & Mehl, 1938
                              |              `--o †I. alternatus (Branson & Mehl, 1934)
                              |                 |-- †I. a. alternatus (Branson & Mehl, 1934)
                              |                 `-- †I. a. helmsi Sandberg & Dreesen, 1984
                              `--+-- Cyrtoniodontidae
                                 `--+?- †Prioniodinida Sweet, 1988 [Prioniodinacea]
                                    `--+==o Plectodinidae [paraphyletic]
                                       |  |--o †Aphelognathus Branson, Mehl & Branson, 1951
                                       |  |  |-- †A. kimmswickensis
                                       |  |  |-- †A. gigas Sweet, 1983
                                       |  |  |-- †A. sp. cf. A. gigas Sweet, 1983
                                       |  |--o Plectodina Stauffer, 1935a
                                       |  |  |-- †P. florida
                                       |  |  |-- †P. aculeata (Stauffer, 1930) Sweet, 1981e
                                       |  |  |-- †P. edentula Bauer, 1994
                                       |  |  `-- †P. tenuis (Branson & Mehl, 1933b)
                                       |  `--o †Baltoniodus Lindström, 1971
                                       |     |-- †B. navis Lindström, 1970
                                       |     |-- †B. alobatus (Bergström, 1971) Lindström, 1977 [Prioniodus alobatus Bergström, 1971]
                                       |     |-- †B. variabilis (Bergström, 1962) Lindström, 1977 [Prioniodus variabilis Bergström, 1962]
                                       |     |-- †B. parvidentatus
                                       |     |-- †B. medius
                                       |     |-- †B. minutus McTavish, 1973
                                       |     `-- †B. oepiki McTavish, 1973
                                       `-- †OZARKODINIDA Dzik, 1976


Taxa not recognized by Sweet & Donoghue, 2001:WESTERGAARDODINIDAWestergaardodinidaeDISTACODONTACEADistacodontidaeBRYANTODONTACEABryantodontidaePOLYGNATHACEAPseudopolygnathidae


Conodont-species listed, without family-connection:

Reference(s):

Albanesi, G. L. & Barnes, C. R., 2000: Subspeciation within a punctuated equilibrium evolutionary event: Phylogenetic history of the Lower-Middle Ordovician Paroistodus originalis-P. horridus complex (Conodonta).
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 74, #3, pp. 492-502

Ethington, R. L., Lehnert, O. & Repetski, J. E., 2000: Stiptognathus new genus (Conodonta: Ibexian, Lower Ordovician), and the apparatus of Stiptognathus borealis (Repetski, 1982).
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 74, #1, pp. 92-100

Gabbott, S. E., Aldridge, R. J. & Theron, J. N., 1995: A giant conodont with preserved muscle tissue from the Upper Ordovician of South Africa.
–Nature: Vol. 374, 27 April, pp. 800-803

Janvier , P., 1995 [preview]: Conodonts join the club.
–Nature: Vol. 374, 27 April, pp. 761-762

Janvier, P., 1999 [preview]: Catching the first fish.
–Nature: Vol. 402, 4 November, pp. 21-22

Leslie, S. A., 2000: Mohawkian (Upper Ordovician) conodonts of eastern North America and Baltoscandia.
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 74, #6, pp. 1122-1147

Long, J. A., 1995: The Rise of Fishes: 500 million years of evolution.
–Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, pp. 1-223

Lundberg, J. G., 1995-1997: Chordata
--iNet : The Tree of Life

Purnell, M. A., 1994: Microwear on conodont elements and macrophagy in the first elements.
–Nature: Vol. 374, 27 April, pp. 798-800

Purnell, M. A., Donoghue, P. C. J. & Aldridge, R. J., 2000: Orientation and anatomical notation in conodonts.
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 74, #1, pp. 113-122

Sweet, W. C., 2000: Conodonts and biostratigraphy of Upper Ordovician strata along a shelf to basin transect in central Nevada.
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 74, #6, pp. 1148-1160

Sweet, W. C. & Donoghue, P. C. J., 2001: Conodonts: Past, Present and Future.
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 75, #6, pp. 1174-1184

Zhang, S. & Barnes, C. R., 2000: Anticostiodus, a new multielement conodont genus from the Lower Silurian, Anticosti Island, Quebeg.
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 74, #4, pp. 662-669

Zhen, Y. Y., Nicoll, R. S., Percival, I. G., Hamedi, M. A. & Stewart, I., 2001: Ordovician Rhipidognathid conodonts from Australia and Iran.
–Journal of Paleontology: Vol. 75, #1, pp. 186-207

 

© Mikko Haaramo, / Last updated 2003-01-16 / http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo