After Olson, 1985, Feduccia, 1980, 1996 and Sibley & Monroe, 1990

<==o "Charadriomorphae" (shorebird-like birds; rantalintumaiset nykylinnut)
   |-- "Ciconiimorphae" [incl. Ciconiiformes, Pelecaniformes, Procellariiformes, Gaviiformes, Sphenisciformes]
   |?-o †Scaniornithidae [jr. synon. to Graculavidae?]
   |  `-- †Scaniornis
   |?-o †Cimolopterygidae [jr. synon. to Graculavidae?]
   |  |-- †Ceramornis major Brodkorb, 1963, U. Cret. NWNA.
   |  `--o †Cimolopteryx Marsh, 1892 [Cimolopteryx Marsh, 1889 (nomen nudum); Timolopteryx Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 (lapsus calami)]
   |     |-- †C. rara Marsh, 1890 sensu Hay, 1902
   |     |-- †C. minima Brodkorb, 1963
   |     |-- †C. maxima Brodkorb, 1963
   |     |-- †C. petra Hope, 2002
   |     `-- †C. sp. [undescribed, U. Cret, NWNA.] [Hope, 2002]
   |--o †form family Graculavidae [Dakotornithidae]
   |  |-- †Graculavidae genera et species indet. [Gloucester County, New Jersey]
   |  |-- †Zhylgaia sp.
   |  |-- †Dakotornis cooperi Erickson, 1975
   |  |-- †Telmatornis priscus Marsh, 1870 [Telmatornis affinis Marsh, 1870, Graculavus pumilis Marsh, 1872, ?Paleotringa vetus Marsh, 1870]
   |  |-- †Laornis edvardsianus Marsh, 1870
   |  |--o †Graculavus Marsh, 1872 [Limosavis Shufeldt, 1915]
   |  |  |-- †G. velox Marsh, 1872 [Limosavis velox (Marsh, 1872) Lambrecht, 1933]
   |  |  `-- †G. augustus Hope, 1999
   |  `--o †Paleotringa Marsh, 1870
   |     |-- †P. littoralis Marsh, 1870
   |     |-- †P. sp. cf. P. littoralis Marsh, 1870 
   |     `-- †P. vagans Marsh, 1872
   `--+-- Burnithidae (thick-knees; paksujalat)
      `--+-- CHARADRIIFORMES (shorebirds; rantalinnut)
         `?-o "COLUMBIMORPHAE"
            |?- Turnicidae G.R. Gray, 1840 ["TURNACIFORMES"] (lyhytjalkajuoksijat) 
            `?-+-- Pteroclididae [PTEROCLIDIFORMES] (sandgrouses; hietakanat)
               `--+-- COLUMBIFORMES (doves, pigions & solitaires; kyyhkylinnut)
                  `-- PSITTACIFORMES Wagler, 1827 (parrots; papukaijalinnut)

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