After Nelson, 1994, with Recent species from Froese & Pauly, 2001 [“The Fishbase”]

<==o Cyprininae Bonaparte, 1840 (karpinsukuiset)
   |--o Labeonini
   |  |-- Labeonina
   |  `-- Garrina
   `--+--o Barbini
      |  `-- †Parabarbus Sytchevskaya, 1986
      `--o Cyprinini Bonaparte, 1840


<==o Cyprininae Bonaparte, 1840 (karpinsukuiset)
   |--o Pseudobarbus
   |  |-- P. afer (Peters, 1864) (Eastern Cape redfin)
   |  |-- P. asper (Boulenger, 1911) (Smallscale redfin)
   |  |-- P. burchelli (Smith, 1841) (Burchell's redfin)
   |  |-- P. burgi (Boulenger, 1911) (Berg redfin)
   |  |-- P. phlegethon (Barnard, 1938) (Fiery redfin)
   |  |-- P. quathlambae (Barnard, 1938) (Maluti minnow)
   |  `-- P. tenuis (Barnard, 1938) (Slender redfin)
   |-- Varicorhimus
   |--+-- Barbus Olig. R. Eu. Mioc. R. Af. As. U. Tert. R. EInd. [349] [polyphyletic assemblage]
   |  |--o Carassius Plioc. R. As. R. Eu. (ruutanat)
   |  |  |--o C. auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) (kiinanruutana, kultakala; goldfish)
   |  |  |  |-- C. a. auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
   |  |  |  |-- C. a. buergeri Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
   |  |  |  |-- C. a. grandoculis Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
   |  |  |  `-- C. a. langsdorfii Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
   |  |  |-- C. carassius (Linnaeus, 1758) (ruutana; Crucian carp)
   |  |  |-- C. cuvieri Temminck & Schlegel, 1846
   |  |  `-- C. gibelio (Bloch, 1782) (Prussian carp)
   |  |-- Catlocarpio siamensis Boulenger, 1898 (jättibarbi; Giant barb)
   |  |--o Cyprinus Mioc. R. Eu. Plioc. R. As. (karpit)
   |  |  |-- †C. priscus
   |  |  |-- C. acutidorsalis Wang, 1979
   |  |  |-- C. barbatus Chen & Huang, 1977
   |  |  |--o C. carpio Linnaeus, 1758 (karppi; Common carp)
   |  |  |  |-- C. c. carpio Linnaeus, 1758 Common carp
   |  |  |  |-- C. c. chilia Wu, Yang & Huang, 1963
   |  |  |  |-- C. c. haematopterus Martens, 1876 Amur carp
   |  |  |  `-- C. c. viridiviolaceus Lacépède, 1803
   |  |  |-- C. daliensis Chen & Huang, 1977
   |  |  |-- C. ilishaestomus Chen & Huang, 1977
   |  |  |-- C. intha Annandale, 1918
   |  |  |-- C. longipectoralis Chen& Huang, 1977
   |  |  |-- C. mahuensis Liu & Ding, 1982
   |  |  |-- C. megalophthalmus Wu et al., 1963
   |  |  |-- C. micristius Regan, 1906
   |  |  |-- C. multitaeniata Pellegrin & Chevey, 1936
   |  |  |-- C. pellegrini Tchang, 1933
   |  |  |-- C. yilongensis Yang et al., 1977
   |  |  `-- C. yunnanensis Tchang, 1933
   |  `--o Tor (mahseesit; mahseers) [16]
   |     |-- T. ater Roberts, 1999
   |     |-- T. brevifilis (Peters, 1881)
   |     |-- T. chelynoides (McClelland, 1839) Dark mahseer
   |     |-- T. douronensis (Valenciennes, 1842) River carp
   |     |-- T. khudree (Sykes, 1839) Deccan mahseer
   |     |-- T. laterivittatus Zhou & Cui, 1996
   |     |-- T. mussullah (Sykes, 1839) High-backed mahseer
   |     |-- T. polylepis Zhou & Cui, 1996
   |     |-- T. progeneius (McClelland, 1839) Jungha mahseer
   |     |-- T. putitora (Hamilton, 1822) Putitor mahseer
   |     |-- T. sinensis Wu, 1977
   |     |-- T. tambra (Valenciennes, 1842)
   |     |-- T. tambroides (Bleeker, 1854) Thai mahseer
   |     |-- T. tor (Hamilton, 1822) [Barbus tor] (mahseesi; Mahseer)
   |     |-- T. yunnanensis (Wang, Zhuang & Gao, 1982)
   |     `-- T. zonatus Lin, 1935
   |--o Labeonini
   |  |?- Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822) [Gibelion] (Catla)
   |  |--o Cirrhinus
   |  |  |-- C. ariza (Buchanan, 1807) Reba
   |  |  |-- C. caudimaculatus (Fowler, 1934)
   |  |  |-- C. chinensis Günther, 1868 (Chinese mud carp)
   |  |  |-- C. cirrhosus (Bloch, 1795) (Mrigal)
   |  |  |-- C. fulungee (Sykes, 1839) (Deccan white carp)
   |  |  |-- C. inornatus Roberts, 1997
   |  |  |-- C. jullieni Sauvage, 1878
   |  |  |-- C. lobatus (Smith, 1945)
   |  |  |-- C. lu Roberts, 1997
   |  |  |-- C. macrops Steindachner, 1870 (Hora white carp)
   |  |  |-- C. microlepis Sauvage, 1878
   |  |  |-- C. molitorella (Valenciennes, 1844) (Mud carp)
   |  |  |-- C. ornatipinnis Roberts, 1997
   |  |  |-- C. rubirostris Roberts, 1997
   |  |  `-- C. siamensis (Sauvage, 1881) (Siamese mud carp)
   |  |?-o Linichthys Zhang & Fang, 2005
   |  |  `-- L. laticeps (Lin & Zhang, 1986) [Barbodes laticeps Lin & Zhang, 1986; Sinilabeo longibarbatus Chen & Zheng, 1988]
   |  |?- Morulius calbasu (Hamilton, 1822) (Orange-fin labeo)
   |  |-- Labeonina [Labeones of Rainboth, 1996]
   |  `--+--+--o Sinilabeo Rendahl, 1935
   |     |  |  `-- S. hummeli Zhang, Kullander & Chen, 2006 [non Varicorhinus tungting Nichols, 1925; Rendahl, 1932]
   |     |  `-- Qianlabeo striatus Zhang & Chen, 2004
   |     `-- Garrina [Garrae of Rainboth, 1996]
   |--+--o Ctenopharyngodon Plioc. R. As. [1 Recent species]
   |  |  `-- C. idellus (Valenciennes, 1844) (Grass carp)
   |  |--o Mylopharyngodon Plioc. NA. Plioc. R. EAs. [1 Recent species]
   |  |  `-- M. piceus (Richardson, 1846) Black carp
   |  `-- Squaliobarbus curriculus (Richardson, 1846) (Barbel chub)
   |--+-- Balantiocheilos melanopterus (Bleeker, 1851) (Tricolor sharkminnow; haibarbi)
   |  |--o Cyclocheilichthys
   |  |  |-- C. apogon (Valenciennes, 1842) (Beardless barb)
   |  |  |-- C. armatus (Valenciennes, 1842)
   |  |  |-- C. enoplos (Bleeker, 1850)
   |  |  |-- C. furcatus Sontirat, 1989
   |  |  |-- C. heteronema (Bleeker, 1853)
   |  |  |-- C. janthochir (Bleeker, 1853)
   |  |  |-- C. lagleri Sontirat, 1989
   |  |  |-- C. microlepis (Bleeker, 1851)
   |  |  |-- C. repasson (Bleeker, 1853)
   |  |  `-- C. sinensis Bleeker, 1879
   |  |--o Diptychus
   |  |  |-- D. chungtienensis Tsao, 1964
   |  |  |-- D. kaznakovi (Nikolskii, 1903)
   |  |  |-- D. maculatus Steindachner, 1866 (Scaly osman)
   |  |  `-- D. sewerzowi Kessler, 1872
   |  `-- Schizothorax [Oreinus]
   |--+?-o Capoeta [Puntius]
   |  |  |-- C. aculeata (Valenciennes, 1844)
   |  |  |-- C. antalyensis (Battalgil, 1943)
   |  |  |-- C. barroisi (Lortet, 1894)
   |  |  |-- C. buhsei Kessler, 1877
   |  |  |-- C. capoeta (Güldenstädt, 1772) (Transcaucasian barb)
   |  |  |-- C. damascina (Valenciennes, 1842)
   |  |  |-- C. fusca Nikolskii, 1897
   |  |  |-- C. pestai (Pietschmann, 1933)
   |  |  `-- C. trutta (Heckel, 1843)
   |  |--o Cyprinion
   |  |  |--o C. acinaces Banister & Clarke, 1977
   |  |  |  |-- C. a. acinaces Banister & Clarke, 1977
   |  |  |  `-- C. a. hijazi Krupp, 1983
   |  |  |-- C. kais Heckel, 1843
   |  |  |-- C. macrostomus Heckel, 1843
   |  |  |-- C. mhalensis Alkahem & Behnke, 1983
   |  |  |--o C. microphthalmum (Day, 1880)
   |  |  |  |-- C. m. microphthalmum (Day, 1880)
   |  |  |  `-- C. m. muscatensis (Boulenger, 1888)
   |  |  |-- C. milesi (Day, 1880)
   |  |  |-- C. modestum (Day, 1870) (Burmese kingfish)
   |  |  |-- C. tenuiradius Heckel, 1846
   |  |  `-- C. watsoni (Day, 1872)
   |  |-- Puntius [Systomus, Barbus, Capoeta] Tert. R. EInd. (loistobarbit)
   |  `-- Semiplotus semiplotus (McClelland, 1839) (Assamese kingfish)
   `--+--o Acrossocheilus [Acroosocheilus lapsus calami]
      |  |-- A. beijiangensis Wu & Lin, 1977
      |  |-- A. clivosius (Lin, 1935)
      |  |-- A. elongatus (Pellegrin & Chevey, 1934)
      |  |-- A. fasciatus (Steindachner, 1892)
      |  |-- A. formosanus (Regan, 1908)
      |  |-- A. hemispinus (Nichols, 1925)
      |  |-- A. iridescens (Nichols & Pope, 1927)
      |  |-- A. kreyenbergii (Regan, 1908)
      |  |-- A. labiatus (Regan, 1908)
      |  |-- A. longipinnis (Wu, 1939)
      |  |-- A. monticola (Günther, 1888)
      |  |-- A. paradoxus (Günther, 1868)
      |  |-- A. parallens (Nichols, 1931)
      |  |-- A. rendahli (Lin, 1931)
      |  |-- A. wenchowensis Wang, 1935
      |  |-- A. xamensis Kottelat, 2000
      |  `-- A. yunnanensis (Regan, 1904)
      |--o Hampala
      |  |-- H. ampalong (Bleeker, 1852)
      |  |-- H. bimaculata (Popta, 1905)
      |  |-- H. dispar Smith, 1934
      |  |-- H. lopezi Herre, 1924
      |  |-- H. macrolepidota (Valenciennes, 1842) (Hampala barb)
      |  |-- H. sabana Inger & Chin, 1962
      |  `-- H. salweenensis Doi & Taki, 1994
      `--o Poropuntius
         |-- P. angustus Kottelat, 2000
         |-- P. bantamensis (Rendahl, 1920)
         |-- P. birtwistlei (Herre, 1940)
         |-- P. bolovenensis Roberts, 1998
         |-- P. chondrorhynchus (Fowler, 1934)
         |-- P. clavatus (McClelland, 1845) Stedman barb
         |-- P. consternans Kottelat, 2000
         |-- P. deauratus (Valenciennes, 1842)
         |-- P. faucis (Smith, 1945)
         |-- P. hampaloides (Vinciguerra, 1890)
         |-- P. huguenini (Bleeker, 1853)
         |-- P. ikedai (Harada, 1943)
         |-- P. kontumensis (Chevey, 1934)
         |-- P. krempfi (Pellegrin & Chevey, 1934)
         |-- P. laoensis (Günther, 1868)
         |-- P. lobocheiloides Kottelat, 2000
         |-- P. malcolmi (Smith, 1945) (Goldfin tinfoil barb)
         |-- P. smedleyi (de Beaufort, 1933)
         |-- P. solitus Kottelat, 2000
         |-- P. speleops (Roberts, 1991)
         `-- P. tawarensis (Weber & de Beaufort, 1916)

Reference(s):