Mikko's Phylogeny Archive

PanicMain Groups of Ray-finned Fishes

  Main Groups of Teleostean Fishes  

 

Here are the shortcuts to major Teleostean groups (orders):

    Teleostei (nykyviuhkaeväiset; modern rayfinned fishes)

        †AspidorhynchiformesPholidophoriformes [paraphyletic]
        †"Leptolepiformes" [paraphyletic]
        Teleocephala (modernit viuhkaeväiset; modern teleosteans)
            Osteoglossomorpha Greenwood, Rosen, Weitzman & Myers, 1966 (luukieliset; bony-tongue fishes and relatives)
                †IchthyodectiformesLycopteriformes
                Hiodontiformes (kuusilmäkalat; mooneyes)
                Osteoglossiformes Regan, 1909 (bony-tongue fishes; arapaimakalat)
             Elopocephala (tarponinkalloiset viuhkaeväiset)
                Elopomorpha (tarponimaiset viuhkaeväiset)
                    Elopiformes (tenpounders; tarponikalat)
                    Albuliformes (naiskalat)
                    Anguilliformes (eels; ankeriaskalat) [paraphyletic?]
                    Saccopharyngiformes (pelicanfishes; ahmattiankeriaskalat, pelikaanikalat)
                Clupeocephala (sillinkalloiset viuhkaeväiset)
                    †CrossognathiformesTselfatiiformes Nelson, 1994 [Bananogmiiformes]
                    Clupeomorpha Greenwood, Rosen, Weitzman & Mayers, 1966 (siilimäiset kalat; herring-like fishes)
                        †Ellimmichthyiformes Grande, 1982
                        Clupeiformes (sillikalat; herring-like fishes)
                    Euteleostei sensu Nelson, 1994
                        Ostariophysi ("lohikarppikalat")
                            Anotophysi (maitokalamaiset viuhkaeväiset)
                                Gonorynchiformes (maitokalat: milkfish-like fishes)
                            Otophysi (särkikalamaiset viuhkaeväiset)
                                Cypriniphysi
                                    Cypriniformes (särkikalat; carp-like fishes)
                                Characiphysi
                                    Characiformes (tetrakalat)
                                    Siluriphysi
                                        Siluriformes [Nematognathi] (monnikalat; catfishes)
                                        Gymnotiformes (veitsikalat: knifefishes)
                        Euteleostei sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996
                            Protacanthopterygii sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996
                                Argentiniformes sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996 [Argentinoidei sensu Nelson, 1994] (hopeakuorrekalat)
                                Salmoniformes sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1996
                            Neognathi
                                Esociformes (haukikalat; pikefishes)
                                Neoteleostei
                                    Stenopterygii
                                        Atelopodiformes ()?
                                        Stomiiformes [Stomiatiformes] (kitakalat)
                                    Eurypterygii
                                        Cyclosquamata
                                            Aulopiformes (aulopikalat)
                                        Ctenosquamata
                                            Scopelomorpha
                                                Myctophiformes (lyhtykalat)
                                            Acanthomorpha sensu Johnson & Patterson, 1993
                                                Lampridiomorpha
                                                    Lampridiformes (kiiltolahnakalat)
                                                Euacanthomorpha
                                                    Polymixiomorpha (partakalamaiset kalat) [paraphyletic assemblage?]
                                                        †Ctenothrissiformes
                                                        Polymixiiformes (partakalat; beardfishes)
                                                    Holacanthopterygii
                                                        Paracanthopterygii
                                                            Percopsiformes (lohiahvenkalat)
                                                            Anacanthini Patterson & Rosen, 1989?
                                                                Ophidiiformes (partanilkkakalat) [possibly paraphyletic?]
                                                                Gadiformes (turskakalat)
                                                                Pediculati
                                                                    Batrachoideiformes [Haplodoci] (konnakalat)
                                                                    Lophiiformes (krottikalat; anglerfishes)
                                                        Acanthopterygii sensu Nelson, 1994 [alternative phylogeny after Johnson & Patterson, 1993 (also from Nelson, 1994)]
                                                            Mugilomorpha
                                                                Mugiloformes (kelttikalat)
                                                            Atherinomorpha
                                                                Atheriniformes (hopeakylkikalat, sateenkaarikalat)
                                                                Cyprinodontea
                                                                    Beloniformes (nokkakalat)
                                                                    Cyprinodontiformes [Microcyprini] (hammaskarppikalat)
                                                            PERCOMOPRHA sensu Nelson, 1994
                                                                Stephanoberyciformes [Xenoberyces, in part] (okakalat)
                                                                Beryciformes (limapääkalat)
                                                                Zeiformes (pietarinkalat)
                                                                Tetraodontiformes (jäykkäleukakalat)
                                                                Gasterosteiformes (piikkikalat)
                                                                Synbranchiformes (yhdyskiduskalat)
                                                                Perciformes (ahvenkalat) [paraphyletic]
                                                                    Scorpaeniformes (simppukalat)
                                                                    Pleuronectiformes [Heterosomata] (kampelakalat)

Reference(s):

Arratia, G., 1982: Chongichthys dentatus, new genus and species, from the Late Jurassic of Chile (Pisces: Teleostei: Chongichthyidae, new family).
–Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology: vol. 2, #2, pp. 133-149.

Brito, P. M., 1997: Révision des Aspidorhynchidae (Pisces, Actinopterygii) du Mésozoïque : ostéologie, relations, phylogénétiques, données environnementales et biogéographiques.
–Geodiversitas: Vol. 19, #4, pp. 681-772 [from abstract]

Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.
–W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698

Carroll, R. L., 1988: Appendix. 594-648
in Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.
–W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698

Frickhinger, K. A., 1995: Fossil Atlas – Fishes.
–Mergus – Publishers for Natural History and Pet Books, Hans A. Baensch, Malle, Germany, 1-1088

Johnson, G. D. & Patterson, C., 1996: Relationships of lower euteleostean fishes. 251-332
in Stiassny, M. L. J., Parenti, L. R. & Johnson, G. D., 1996: Interrelationships of fishes.
–Academic Press, San Diego, pp. xiii-496

Lahti, S., Malmström, K. K., Koli, L., Leikola, A., Syrjämäki, J. & Lahti, J., 1980: Zoo, Suuri Eläinkirja 5: Kalat, sammakkoeläimet, matelijat.
--Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö, Porvoo-Helsinki-Juva, 1980.
      Original work [in French]: Beauté Du Monde Animal: IX Reptiles/Amphibiens & X Poissons.
--Rizzoli Editore, Milano 1968.

Long, J. A., 1995: The Rise of Fishes: 500 million years of evolution.
–Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London, pp. 1-223

Nelson, J. S., 1994: Fishes of the world.
–John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1994, xx-600

de Pinna, M. C. C., 1996: Teleostean monophyly. 147-162
in Stiassny, M. L. J. et al., (eds.) 1996: Interrelationships of Fishes --Academic Press, New York, 1996, 496.

 

© Mikko Haaramo,

/ Last updated 2003-07-17 / http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo