Mikko's Phylogeny Archive

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  Legend of the markings in the Archive  

 

<==o Above Family-level taxon
   |?- Taxon of uncertain position in this group (incertae sedis)
   `--o Family
      `--o Genus
         `-- species

    †    =   Extinct taxon.
    ?    =   Uncertain taxon, or something otherwise suspicious.
    o    =   Node [named].
    +    =   Node [unnamed].
    <==  =   Backlink to previous page/taxon


Terms:

    incertae sedis      =   Taxon of questionable phylogenetic position or validity.
    nomen dubium        =   Taxon of questionable validity [poor quality specimen or lost].
    nomen nudum         =   Taxon based on inadequate description.
    sedis mutabilis     =   Taxon has varying position in different phylogenetic analysis, taxon has no fixed position in any trees.
    sensu               =   "According to"
    sensu traditionalis =   in sense as commonly understood
    sensu lato          =   in loose sense
    sensu stricto       =   in strict sense


Geological time Apprivations:

    U.          =   Upper (Late)
    M.          =   Middle
    L.          =   Lower (Early)

    R.          =   Recent [usually historic]
    Hol.        =   Holocene [non-historic]
    Pleis.      =   Pleistocene
    Plio.       =   Pliocene
    Mio.        =   Miocene
    Olig.       =   Oligocene
    Eoc.        =   Eocene
    Pal.        =   Paleocene [Palaeocene]

    Cret.       =   Cretaceous
    Jur.        =   Jurassic
    Trias.      =   Triassic

    Perm.       =   Permian
    Carb.       =   Carboniferous
        Penn.   =   Pennsylvanian
        Miss.   =   Missisippian
    Dev.        =   Devonian
    Sil.        =   Silurian
    Ord.        =   Ordovician
    Camb.       =   Cambrian


Geographical Apprivations:

    N.          =   North
    NE.         =   Northeast
    E.          =   East
    SE.         =   Southeast
    S.          =   South
    SW.         =   Southwest
    W.          =   West
    NW.         =   Northwest

    Eu.         =   Europe
        Spits.  =   Spitsbergen
    As.         =   Asia
    Af.         =   Africa
        Mad.    =   Madagascar
    Aust.       =   Australia
        NZ.     =   New Zealand
    Ant.        =   Antarctica
    NA.         =   North America
    SA.         =   South America

    Oc.         =   Oceanic
    At.         =   Atlant
    Arc.        =   Arctic
    Pac.        =   Pacific
    Ind.        =   Indian


 

© Mikko Haaramo,

/ Last updated 2003-07-01 / http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo