What is a unique item?
[2007. What is a unique item? In Y. Gambier et al. (eds), Doubts and Directions in Translation Studies. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 3-13.]
Department of General Linguistics
University of Helsinki
The so-called unique items hypothesis claims that translations tend to contain fewer Òunique itemsÓ than comparable non-translated texts. This is proposed as a potential translation universal, or at least a general tendency. A unique item is one that is in some sense specific to the target language and is presumably not so easily triggered by a source-language item that is formally different; it thus tends to be under-represented in translations. The concept of a unique item is not well-defined, however. Drawing on some earlier work on transfer, contrastive and error analysis, this article offers a critical analysis of the concept, and raises a number of methodological issues concerning research on the topic.