The following articles describe the ELFA corpus in more detail:

Mauranen, A., Hynninen, N. & Ranta, E. forthc. "English as an Academic Lingua Franca: the ELFA Project." English for Specific Purposes.

Mauranen, A. & Ranta, E. 2008. "English as an Academic Lingua Franca - the ELFA Project." Nordic Journal of English Studies 7 (3), 199-202. NJES

Mauranen, A. 2006. "A rich domain of ELF: the ELFA Corpus of academic discourse". Nordic Journal of English Studies 5 (2), 145-159. Special Issue: English as a Lingua Franca: NJES

Mauranen, A. 2003a. "The Corpus of English as Lingua Franca in Academic Settings". TESOL Quarterly 37 (3), 513-527.


The ELFA corpus has been used as a resource in the following publications. If you have used the corpus in your own research, please let us know using the feedback form. See also the project home page.


Mauranen, A. forthc. "Chunking in ELF: Expressions for Managing Interaction." Journal of Intercultural Pragmatics.

Mauranen, A. forthc. "Spoken rhetoric: How do natives and non-natives fare?". In E. Suomela-Salmi (ed.) Proceedings of the Conference on Cross-linguistic and Cross-cultural Perspectives on Academic Discourse. Turku: Turku University Press.

Mauranen, A. forthc. "Discourse Reflexivity - a Discourse Universal? The Case of ELF." NJES Special Issue on Metadiscourse. eds. A. Ädel & A. Mauranen.

Ranta, E. forthc. "English as a Lingua Franca - Learner Language or Spoken Grammar?" In: Mauranen, A. & Ranta, E. English as a Lingua Franca: Studies and Findings. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.


Mauranen, A. 2007a. "Hybrid voices: English as the Lingua Franca of academics". In K. Flottum, T. Dahl and T. Kinn (eds). Language and Discipline Perspectives on Academic Discourse. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Mauranen, A. 2007b. "Investigating English as a Lingua Franca with a Spoken Corpus." In Mari Carmen Campoy and María José Luzón (eds). Spoken Corpora in Applied Linguistics. Berlin: Peter Lang, 33-5.


Mauranen, A. 2006a. "Signalling and preventing misunderstanding in English as a lingua franca communication". International Journal of the Sociology of Language 177, 123-150. Special Issue, ed. by Christiane Meierkord.

Mauranen, A. 2006b. "Spoken discourse, academics and global English: a corpus perspective". In R. Hughes (ed.) Spoken English, TESOL and Applied Linguistics. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mauranen, A. 2006c. "Speaking the discipline". In K. Hyland and M. Bondi (eds) Academic Discourse Across Disciplines. Bern: Peter Lang.

Mauranen, A. & Metsä-Ketelä, M. 2006. "Introduction". In Anna Mauranen and Maria Metsä-Ketelä (eds) Nordic Journal of English Studies 5 (2), 1-8. Special Issue: English as a Lingua Franca: NJES

Metsä-Ketelä, M. 2006. "'Words are more or less superfluous': the Case of more or less in Academic Lingua Franca English". Nordic Journal of English Studies 5 (2), 117-143. Special Issue: English as a Lingua Franca: NJES

Ranta, E. 2006. "The 'Attractive' Progressive - Why Use the -ing Form in English as a Lingua Franca?" Nordic Journal of English Studies 5 (2), 95-116. Special Issue: English as a Lingua Franca: NJES