Publications of the Tvärminne Benthic Ecology Team
(Contact Joanna Norkko for reprints)

Cummings VJ, Hewitt JE, Thrush SF, Marriott PM, Halliday NJ, Norkko A (2018) Linking Ross Sea coastal benthic communities to environmental conditions: Documenting baselines in a spatially variable and changing world. Frontiers in Marine Science 5: 232 (Link)

Angove C, Norkko A, Gustafsson C (2018) Assessing the efficiencies and challenges for nutrient uptake by aquatic plants. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 507: 23-30 (Link)

Gustafsson C, Norkko A (2018) Quantifying the importance of functional traits for primary production in aquatic plant communities. Journal of Ecology, online (Link)

Gammal J
, Järnström M, Bernard G, Norkko J, Norkko A (2018) Environmental context mediates biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships in coastal soft-sediment habitats. Ecosystems, online (Link)

Kauppi L, Bernard G, Bastrop R, Norkko A, Norkko J (2018) Increasing densities of an invasive polychaete enhance bioturbation with variable effects on solute fluxes. Scientific Reports 8: 7619 (Link)

Westerbom M, Lappalainen A, Mustonen O, Norkko A (2018) Trophic overlap between expanding and contracting fish predators in a range margin undergoing change. Scientific Reports 8: 7895 (Link)

Rodil IF, Lastra M, López J, Mucha AP, Fernandes JP, Fernandes SV, Olabarria C (2018) Sandy beaches as biogeochemical hotspots: the metabolic role of macroalgal wrack on low-productive shores. Ecosystems, online (Link)

Lastra M, López J, Rodil IF (2018) Warming intensify CO2 flux and nutrient release from algal wrack subsidies on sandy beaches. Global Change Biology, online (Link)

Snelgrove PVR, Soetaert K, Solan M, Thrush S,Wei C-L, Danovaro R, Fulweiler RW, Kitazato H, Ingole B, Norkko A, Parkes RJ, Volkenborn N (2018) Global carbon cycling on a heterogeneous seafloor. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 33: 96-105 (Link)

Villnäs A, Hewitt J, Snickars M, Westerbom M, Norkko A (2018) Template for using biological trait groupings when exploring large-scale variation in seafloor multifunctionality. Ecological Applications 28: 78–94 (Link)

Joensuu M, Pilditch CA, Harris R, Hietanen S, Pettersson H, Norkko A (2018) Sediment properties, biota, and local habitat structure explain variation in the erodibility of coastal sediments. Limnology and Oceanography 63: 173–186 (Link)

Kauppi L
, Norkko A, Norkko J (2018) Seasonal population dynamics of the invasive polychaete genus Marenzelleria spp. in contrasting soft-sediment habitats. Journal of Sea Research 131: 46–60 (Link)

Rodil IF, Lucena-Moya P, Lastra M (2018) The importance of environmental and spatial factors in the metacommunity dynamics of exposed sandy beach benthic invertebrates. Estuaries and Coasts 41: 206–217 (Link)

Van Colen C, Jansson A, Saunier A, Lacoue-Labathe T, Vincx M (2018) Biogeographic vulnerability to ocean acidification and warming in a marine bivalve. Marine Pollution Bulletin 126: 308-311 (Link)

Andersen JH, Carstensen J, Conley DJ, Dromph K, Fleming-Lehtinen V, Gustafsson BG, Josefson AB, Norkko A, Villnäs A, Murray C (2017) Long-term temporal and spatial trends in eutrophication status of the Baltic Sea. Biological Reviews 92:135-149 (Link)

Gammal J, Norkko J, Pilditch CA, Norkko A (2017) Coastal hypoxia and the importance of benthic macrofauna communities for ecosystem functioning. Estuaries and Coasts 40:457-468 (Link)

Griffiths JR, Kadin M, Nascimento FJA, Tamelander T, Törnroos A, Bonaglia S, Bonsdorff E, Brüchert V, Gårdmark A, Järnström M, Kotta J, Lindegren M, Nordström MC, Norkko A, Olsson J, Weigel B, ┼Żydelis R, Blenckner T, Niiranen S, Winder M (2017) The importance of benthic–pelagic coupling for marine ecosystem functioning in a changing world. Global Change Biology 23: 2179–2196 (Link)

Jansson A (2017) Ocean acidification in the Baltic Sea - implications for the bivalve Macoma balthica. PhD thesis, Åbo Akademi University, Finland. (Link)

Kauppi L
, Norkko J, Ikonen J, Norkko A (2017) Seasonal variability in ecosystem functions: quantifying the contribution of invasive species to nutrient cycling in coastal ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 572: 193–207 (Link)

Lucena-Moya P, Duggan IC (2017) Correspondence between zooplankton assemblages and the Estuary Environment Classification system. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 184:1-9 (Link)

Momigliano P, Jokinen H, Fraimout A, Florin A-B, Norkko A, Merilä J (2017) Extraordinarily rapid speciation in a marine fish. PNAS, 114: 6074–6079 (Link)

Rodil IF, Lucena-Moya P, Jokinen H, Ollus V, Wennhage H, Villnäs A, Norkko A (2017) The role of dispersal mode and habitat specialization for metacommunity structure of shallow beach invertebrates. PLoS ONE 12(2): e0172160 (Link)

Sampaio E, Rodil IF, Vaz-Pinto F, Fernández A, Arenas F (2017) Interaction strength between different grazers and macroalgae mediated by ocean acidification over warming gradients. Marine Environmental Research 125:25-33 (Link)

Virta L, Soininen J (2017) Distribution patterns of epilithic diatoms along climatic, spatial and physicochemical variables in the Baltic Sea. Helgoland Marine Research 71: 16 (Link)

Salo T, Gustafsson C (2016) The effect of genetic diversity on ecosystem functioning in vegetated coastal ecosystems. Ecosystems 19:1429-1444 (Link)

Lucena-Moya P, Gascón S, Boix D, Pardo I, Sala J, Quintana XD (2016) Crustacean assemblages of coastal wetlands from fragmented and scarcely isolated islands compared with the mainland. Marine and Freshwater Research
(online first)

Gustafsson C, Norkko A (2016) Not all plants are the same – exploring metabolism and nitrogen fluxes in a benthic community composed of different aquatic plant species. Limnology and Oceanography 61:1787-1799 (Link)

Hewitt JE, Norkko J, Kauppi L, Villnäs A, Norkko A (2016) Species and functional trait turnover in response to broad-scale change and an invasive species. Ecosphere 7(3):e01289 (Link)

Jansson A, Lischka S, Boxhammer T, Schulz KG, Norkko J (2016) Survival and settling of larval Macoma balthica in a large-scale mesocosm experiment at different fCO2 levels. Biogeosciences 13:3377-3385 (Link)

Lohrer AM, Townsend M, Hailes SF, Rodil IF, Cartner K, Pratt DR, Hewitt JE (2016) Influence of New Zealand cockles (Austrovenus stutchburyi) on primary productivity in sandflat-seagrass (Zostera muelleri) ecotones. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 181:238-248 (Link)

Setälä O, Lehtiniemi M, Norkko J (2016) Feeding type affects microplastic ingestion in a coastal invertebrate community. Marine Pollution Bulletin 102:95-101 (Link)

Bernard G, Duchêne J-C, Romero-Ramirez A, Lecroart P, Maire O, Ciutat A, Deflandre B, Grémare A (2016) Experimental assessment of the effects of temperature and food availability on particle mixing by the bivalve Abra alba using new image analysis techniques. PLoS ONE 11(4):e0154270 (Link)

Romero-Ramirez A, Grémare A, Bernard G, Pascal L, Maire O, Duchêne JC (2016) Development and validation of a video analysis software for marine benthic applications. Journal of Marine Systems 162:4-17 (Link)

Rodil IF, Jaramillo E, Acuña E, Manzano M, Velasquez C (2016) Long-term responses of sandy beach crustaceans to the effects of coastal armouring after the 2010 Maule earthquake in South Central Chile. Journal of Sea Research 108:10-18 (Link)

Mustamäki N, Jokinen H, Scheinin M, Bonsdorff E, Mattila J (2016) Seasonal shifts in the vertical distribution of fish in a shallow coastal area. ICES Journal of Marine Science 73:2278-2287 (Link)

Norkko J, Gammal J, Hewitt JE, Josefson AB, Carstensen J, Norkko A (2015) Seafloor ecosystem function relationships: In situ patterns of change across gradients of increasing hypoxic stress. Ecosystems 18:1424-1439 (Link)

Mustamäki N, Jokinen H, Scheinin M, Bonsdorff E, Mattila J (2015) Seasonal small-scale variation in distribution among depth zones in a coastal Baltic Sea fish assemblage. ICES Journal of Marine Science 72:2374-2384 (Link)

Jokinen H
, Wennhage H, Lappalainen A, Ådjers K, Rask M, Norkko A (2015) Decline of flounder (Platichthys flesus (L.)) at the margin of the species’ distribution range. Journal of Sea Research 105: 1-9 (Link)

Jokinen H, Wennhage H, Ollus V, Aro E, Norkko A (2015) Juvenile flatfish in the northern Baltic Sea – long-term decline and potential links to habitat characteristics. Journal of Sea Research 107:67-75 (Link)

Villnäs A, Hewitt J, Norkko A (2015) Evaluating the performance of benthic multi-metric indices across broad-scale environmental gradients. Ecological Indicators 58:382-391 (Link)

Jansson A, Norkko J, Dupont S, Norkko A (2015) Growth and survival in a changing environment: Combined effects of moderate hypoxia and low pH on juvenile bivalve Macoma balthica. Journal of Sea Research 102:41-47 (Link)

Valanko S, Norkko J, Norkko A (2015) Does stability in local community composition depend on temporal variation in rates of dispersal and connectivity? Journal of Sea Research 98:24-32 (Link)

Kauppi L, Norkko A, Norkko J (2015) Large-scale species invasion into a low-diversity system: spatial and temporal distribution of the invasive polychaetes Marenzelleria spp. in the Baltic Sea. Biological Invasions 17:2055-2074 (Link)

Pilditch CA, Valanko S, Norkko J, Norkko A (2015) Post-settlement dispersal: the neglected link in maintenance of soft-sediment biodiversity. Biology Letters 11:20140795 (Link)

Viitasalo M, Blenckner T, Gårdmark A, Kautsky L, Lindegren M, Norkko A, Olli K, Wikner J (2015) Environmental Impacts – Marine Ecosystems. In: Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin. Ed. The BACC II Author Team. Springer. p. 363-380 (Link)

Maximov A, Bonsdorff E, Eremina T, Kauppi L, Norkko A, Norkko J (2015) Context-dependent consequences of Marenzelleria spp. (Spionidae: Polychaeta) invasion for nutrient cycling in the Northern Baltic Sea. Oceanologia 54:342-348 (Link)

Duffy JE, Reynolds PL, Boström C, Coyer JA, Cusson M, Donadi S, Douglass JG, Eklöf JS, Engelen AH, Eriksson BK, Fredriksen S, Gamfeldt L, Gustafsson C, Hoarau G, Hori M, Hovel K, Iken K, Lefcheck JS, Moksnes PO, Nakaoka M, O'Connor MI, Olsen JL, Richardson JP, Ruesink JL, Sotka EE, Thormar J, Whalen MA, Stachowicz JJ (2015) Biodiversity mediates top-down control in eelgrass ecosystems: a global comparative-experimental approach. Ecology Letters 18:696-705 (Link)

Heino J, Melo AS, Siqueira T, Soininen J, Valanko S, Bini LM (2015) Metacommunity organisation, spatial extent and dispersal in aquatic systems: patterns, processes and prospects. Freshwater Biology 60:845-869 (Link)

Valanko S, Heino J, Westerbom M, Viitasalo M, Norkko A (2015) Complex metacommunity structure for benthic invertebrates in a low-diversity coastal system. Ecology and Evolution 5:5203-5215 (Link)

Snelgrove PVR, Thrush SF, Wall DH, Norkko A (2014) Real world biodiversity–ecosystem functioning: a seafloor perspective. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 29: 398-405 (Link)

Carstensen J, Conley DJ, Bonsdorff E, Gustafsson B, Hietanen S, Janas U, Jilbert T, Maximov A, Norkko A, Norkko J, Reed DC, Slomp CP, Timmermann K, Voss M (2014) Hypoxia in the Baltic Sea: Biogeochemical cycles, benthic fauna and management. Ambio 43:26-36 (Click for pdf)

Villnäs A, Norkko J,
Hietanen S, Josefson AB, Lukkari K, Norkko A (2013) The role of recurrent disturbances fro ecosystem multifunctionality. Ecology 94:2275-2287 (Click for pdf)

Norkko A, Villnäs A, Norkko J, Valanko S, Pilditch C (2013) Size matters: implications of the loss of large individuals for ecosystem function. Scientific Reports 3:2646 DOI 10.1038/srep02646 (Click for pdf)

Jansson A, Norkko J, Norkko A (2013) Effects of reduced pH on Macoma balthica larvae from a system with naturally fluctuating pH-dynamics. PLoS ONE 8(6):e68198 (Click for pdf)

Villnäs A (2013) Disturbance and ecosystem functioning - the role of changes in benthic biological traits. PhD Thesis. Åbo Akademi University, Finland. (Click for pdf)

Carstensen J, Andersen JH, Dromph K, Fleming-Lehtinen V, Simis S, Gustafsson B, Norkko A, Radtke H, Petersen DLJ, Uhrenholdt T (2013) Approaches and methods for eutrophication target setting in the Baltic Sea region. Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings No. 133. 134 pp. (Click for pdf)

Volkenborn N, Meile C, Polerecky L, Pilditch CA, Norkko A, Norkko J, Hewitt JE, Thrush SF, Wethey DS, Woodin SA (2012) Intermittent bioirrigation and oxygen dynamics in permeable sediments: An experimental and modeling study of three tellinid bivalves. Journal of Marine Research 70:794-823 (Link)

Villnäs A, Norkko A, Norkko J, Lukkari K, Hewitt J (2012) Impacts of increasing hypoxic disturbance on benthic biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. PLoS ONE 7:e44920 (Click for pdf)

Valanko S (2012) Dispersal and metacommunity dynamics in a soft-sediment benthic system - how well is the seafloor connected? PhD Thesis. Åbo Akademi University, Finland. (Click for pdf)

Norkko J, Reed DC, Timmermann K, Norkko A, Gustafsson BG, Bonsdorff E, Slomp CP, Carstensen J, Conley DJ (2012) A welcome can of worms? Hypoxia mitigation by an invasive species. Global Change Biology 18:422–434 (Click for pdf)

Timmermann K, Norkko J, Janas U, Norkko A, Gustafsson BG, Bonsdorff E (2012) Modelling macrofaunal biomass in relation to hypoxia and nutrient loading. Journal of Marine Systems 105:60-69 (Link)

Josefson AB, Norkko J, Norkko A (2012) Burial and decomposition of plant pigments in surface sediments of the Baltic Sea – role of oxygen and benthic fauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series 455:33-49 (Link)

Rice J, Arvanitidis C, Borja A, Frid C, Hiddink JG, Krause J, Lorance P, Ragnarsson SA, Sköld M, Trabucco B, Enserink L, Norkko A (2012) Indicators for sea-floor integrity under the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Ecological Indicators 12:174-184 (Click for pdf)

Norkko J
, Shumway SE (2011) Bivalves as bioturbators and bioirrigators. In Shumway SE (ed) Shellfish Aquaculture and the Environment. pp. 297-317. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, UK. (Click for pdf)

Villnäs A, Norkko A (2011) Benthic diversity gradients and shifting baselines: implications for assessing environmental status. Ecological Applications 21:2172-2186 (Link)

Andersen JH, Axe P, Backer H, Carstensen J, Claussen U, Fleming-Lehtinen V, Järvinen M, Kaartokallio H, Knuuttila S, Korpinen S, Kubiliute A, Laamanen M, Lysiak-Pastuszak E, Martin G, Murray C, Møhlenberg F, Nausch G, Norkko A, Villnäs A (2011) Getting the measure of eutrophication in the Baltic Sea: towards improved assessment principles and methods. Biogeochemistry 106:137-156 (Click for pdf)

Cummings V, Hewitt J, Van Rooyen A, Currie K, Beard S, Thrush S, Norkko J, Barr N, Heath P, Halliday NJ, Sedcole R, Gomez A, McGraw C, Metcalf V (2011) Ocean acidification at high latitudes: Potential effects on functioning of the Antarctic bivalve Laternula elliptica. PLoS ONE 6:e16069 (Click for pdf)

Villnäs A, Perus J, Bonsdorff E (2011) Structural and functional shifts in zoobenthos induced by organic enrichment — Implications for community recovery potential. Journal of Sea Research 65:8-18 (Link)

Valanko S, Norkko A, Norkko J (2010) Rates of post-larval bedload dispersal in a non-tidal soft-sediment system. Marine Ecology Progress Series 416:145-163 (Link)

Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Cummings VJ, Norkko A, Chiantore M (2010) β-diversity and species accumulation in Antarctic coastal benthos: Influence of habitat, distance and productivity on ecological connectivity. PLoS ONE 5:e11899 (Link)

Norkko J, Norkko A, Thrush SF, Valanko S, Suurkuukka H (2010) Conditional responses to increasing scales of disturbance, and potential implications for threshold dynamics in soft-sediment communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series 413:253-266 (Link)

Valanko S, Norkko A, Norkko J (2010) Strategies of post-larval dispersal in non-tidal soft-sediment communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 384:51-60 (Link)

Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Dayton PK, Coco G, Lohrer AM, Norkko A, Norkko J, Chiantore M (2009) Forecasting the limits of resilience: integrating empirical research with theory. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276: 3209-3217 (Link)

Andersen JH, Laamanen M, Aigars, J, Axe P, Blomqvist M, Carstensen J, Claussen U, Josefson AB, Fleming-Lehtinen V, Järvinen M, Kaartokallio H, Kaitala S, Kauppila P, Knuuttila S, Korovin L, Korpinen S, Kotilainen P, Kubiliute A, Kuuppo P, Lysiak-Pastuszak E, Martin G, Nausch G, Norkko A, Pitkänen H, Ruoho-Airola T, Sedin R, Wasmund N, Villnäs A (2009) Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea - an integrated thematic assessment of the effects of nutrient enrichment and eutrophication in the Baltic Sea region. Baltic Sea Environmental Proceedings No. 115B. 148 pp. (Click for pdf)

Zweifel UL, Laamanen M, Al-Hamdani Z, Andersen JH, Andersson Å, Andrulewicz E, Backer H, Benke H, Boedeker D, Bregnballe T, Bräger S, Bäcklin B-M, Dähne M, Flinkman J, Herrmann C, Härkönen T, Ikauniece A, Isaeus M, Järvinen M, Kauppila P, Korpinen S, Kuuppo P, Laihonen P, Laine AO, Larsson K, Lehtonen K, Leppäkoski E, Liman A-S, Martin G, Mehtonen A, Norkko A, Ojaveer H Paulomäki H, Piekäinen H, Postel L, Reker J, Schiedek D, Torn K, Verfuss UK, Villnäs A, Wenzel C, Zydelis R (2009) Biodiversity in the Baltic Sea - an integrated thematic assessment on biodiversity and nature conservation in the Baltic Sea. Baltic Sea Environmental Proceedings No. 116B. 188 pp. (Click for pdf)

Conley DJ, Björck S, Bonsdorff E, Carstensen J, Destouni G, Gustafsson BG, Hietanen S, Kortekaas M, Kuosa H, Meier HEM, Müller-Karulis B, Nordberg K, Norkko A, Nürnberg G, Pitkänen H, Rabalais NN, Rosenberg R, Savchuk OP, Slomp CP, Voss M, Wulff F, Zillén L (2009) Hypoxia-related processes in the Baltic Sea. Environmental Science & Technology 43:3412-3420 (Link)

Norkko A, Thrush SF, Cummings VJ, Gibbs MM, Andrew NL, Norkko J, Schwarz A-M (2007) Trophic structure of coastal Antarctic food webs associated with changes in sea ice and food supply. Ecology 88:2810-2820 (Click for PDF)

Perus J, Bonsdorff E, Bäck S, Lax H-G, Villnäs A, Westberg V (2007) Zoobenthos as indicators of ecological status in coastal brackish waters: a comparative study from the Baltic Sea. Ambio 36:250-256 (Link)

Hewitt JE, Norkko J (2007) Incorporating temporal variability of stressors into studies: An example using suspension-feeding bivalves and elevated suspended sediment concentrations. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 341:131-141 (Link)

Cummings VJ, Thrush SF, Norkko A, Andrew NL, Hewitt JE, Funnell GA, Schwarz A-M (2006) Accounting for local scale variability in benthos: implications for future assessments of latitudinal trends in the coastal Ross Sea. Antarctic Science 18:633-644 (Link)

Norkko J
, Thrush SF (2006) Ecophysiology in environmental impact assessment: implications of spatial differences in seasonal variability of bivalve condition. Marine Ecology Progress Series 326:175-186 (Link)

Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Gibbs M, Lundquist C, Norkko A (2006) Functional role of large organisms in intertidal communities: community effects and ecosystem function. Ecosystems 9:1029-1040 (Link)

Norkko J
, Thrush SF, Wells RMG (2006) Indicators of short-term growth in bivalves: detecting environmental change across ecological scales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 337:38-48 (Link)

Ellis J, Ysebaert T, Hume T, Norkko A, Bult T, Herman P, Thrush S, Oldman J (2006) Predicting macrofaunal species distributions in estuarine gradients using logistic regression and classification systems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 316:69-83 (Link)

Norkko J
, Hewitt JE, Thrush SF (2006) Effects of increased sedimentation on the physiology of two esturarine soft-sediment bivalves, Austrovenus stutchburyi and Paphies australis. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 333:12-26 (Link)

Norkko A
, Hewitt JE, Thrush SF, Funnell GA (2006) Conditional outcomes of facilitation by a habitat-modifying subtidal bivalve. Ecology 87:226-234 (Click for PDF)

Norkko A, Rosenberg R, Thrush SF, Whitlatch RB (2006) Scale- and intensity-dependent disturbance determines the magnitude of opportunistic response. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 330:195-207 (Link)

Hewitt J, Thrush S, Gibbs M, Lohrer D, Norkko A (2006) Indirect effects of Atrina zelandica on water column nitrogen and oxygen fluxes: The role of benthic macrofauna and microphytes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 330:261-273 (Link)

Norkko J, Pilditch CA, Thrush SF, Wells RMG (2005) Effects of food availability and hypoxia on bivalves: the value of using multiple parameters to measure bivalve condition in environmental studies. Marine Ecology Progress Series 298:205-218 (Link)

Norkko J, Norkko A, Thrush SF, Cummings VJ (2005) Detecting growth under environmental extremes: Spatial and temporal patterns in nucleic acid ratios in two Antarctic bivalves. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 326:144-156 (Link)

Gibbs M, Funnell G, Pickmere S, Norkko A, Hewitt J (2005) Benthic nutrient fluxes along an estuarine gradient: influence of the pinnid bivalve Atrina zelandica in summer. Marine Ecology Progress Series 288:151-164 (Link)

Eriksson SP, Wennhage H, Norkko J, Norkko A (2005) Episodic disturbance events modify predator-prey interactions in soft sediments. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 64:289-294 (Link)

Rosenberg R, Dupont S, Lundälv T, Nilsson Sköld H, Norkko A, Roth J, Stach T, Thorndyke M (2005) Biology of the basket star Gorgonocephalus caputmedusae (L.). Marine Biology 148:43-50 (Link)

Talman SG, Norkko A, Thrush SF, Hewitt JE (2004) Habitat structure and the survival of juvenile scallops Pecten novaezelandiae: comparing predation in habitats with varying complexity. Marine Ecology Progress Series 269:197-207 (Link)

Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Cummings VJ, Ellis JI, Hatton C, Lohrer AM, Norkko A (2004) Muddy waters: elevating sediment input to coastal and estuarine habitats. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2:299-306 (Click for PDF)

Norkko A, Thrush SF, Cummings VJ, Funnell GA, Schwarz A-M, Andrew NL, Hawes I (2004) Ecological role of Phyllophora antarctica drift accumulations in coastal soft-sediment communities of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Polar Biology 27:482-494 (Link)

Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Norkko A, Nicholls PE, Funnell GA, Ellis JI (2003) Habitat change in estuaries: predicting broad-scale responses of intertidal macrofauna to sediment mud content. Marine Ecology Progress Series 263:101-112 (Link)

Cummings V, Thrush S, Hewitt J, Norkko A, Pickmere S (2003) Terrestrial deposits on intertidal sandflats: sediment characteristics as indicators of habitat suitability for recolonising macrofauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series 253:39-54 (Link)

Schwarz A-M, Hawes I, Andrew N, Norkko A, Cummings V, Thrush S (2003) Macroalgal photosynthesis near the southern global limit for growth; Cape Evans, Ross Sea, Antarctica. Polar Biology 26:789-799 (Link)

Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Norkko A, Cummings VJ, Funnell GA (2003) Macrobenthic recovery processes following catastrophic sedimentation on estuarine sandflats. Ecological Applications 13:1433-1455 (Click for PDF)

Hewitt JE, Cummings VJ, Ellis JI, Funnell G, Norkko A, Talley TS, Thrush SF (2003) The role of waves in the colonisation of terrestrial sediments deposited in the marine environment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 290:19-47 (Link)

Bonsdorff E, Laine AO, Hänninen J, Vuorinen I, Norkko A (2003) Zoobenthos of the outer archipelago waters (N. Baltic Sea) - the importance of local conditions for spatial distribution patterns. Boreal Environment Research 8:135-145 (Click for PDF)

Ellis J, Cummings V, Hewitt J, Thrush S, Norkko A (2002) Determining effects of suspended sediment on condition of a suspension feeding bivalve (Atrina zelandica): results of a survey, a laboratory experiment and a field transplant experiment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 267:147-174 (Link)

Norkko A, Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Cummings VJ, Norkko J, Ellis JI, Funnell GA, Schultz D, MacDonald I (2002) Smothering of estuarine sandflats by terrigenous clay: the role of wind-wave disturbance and bioturbation in site-dependent macrofaunal recovery. Marine Ecology Progress Series 234:23-41 (Click for PDF)

Hewitt JE, Thrush SF, Legendre P, Cummings VJ, Norkko A (2002) Integrating heterogeneity across spatial scales: interactions between Atrina zelandica and benthic macrofauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series 239:115-128 (Click for PDF)

Miller DC, Norkko A, Pilditch CA (2002) Influence of diet on dispersal of horse mussel Atrina zelandica biodeposits. Marine Ecology Progress Series 242:153-167 (Click for PDF)

Boström C, Bonsdorff E, Kangas P, Norkko A (2002) Long-term changes of a brackish-water eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) community indicate effects of coastal eutrophication. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 55:795-804 (Link)

Norkko A, Cummings VJ, Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Hume T (2001) Local dispersal of juvenile bivalves: implications for sandflat ecology. Marine Ecology Progress Series 212:131-144 (Click for PDF)

Thrush SF, Hewitt JE, Funnell GA, Cummings VJ, Ellis J, Schultz D, Talley D, Norkko A (2001) Fishing disturbance and marine biodiversity: role of habitat structure in simple soft-sediment systems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 221:255-264 (Click for PDF)

Norkko A, Hewitt JE, Thrush SF, Funnell GA (2001) Benthic-pelagic coupling and suspension-feeding bivalves: Linking site-specific sediment flux and biodeposition to benthic community structure. Limnology and Oceanography 46:2067-2072 (Click for PDF)

Ellis JI, Norkko A, Thrush SF (2000) Broad-scale disturbance of intertidal and shallow sublittoral soft-sediment habitats; effects on the benthic macrofauna. Journal of Aquatic Ecosystem Stress and Recovery 7:57-74 (Link)

Norkko J, Bonsdorff E, Norkko A (2000) Drifting algal mats as an alternative habitat for benthic invertebrates: species specific responses to a transient resource. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 248:79-104 (Link)

Aarnio K, Bonsdorff E, Norkko A (1998) Role of Halicryptus spinulosus (Priapulida) in structuring meiofauna and settling macrofauna. Marine Ecology Progress Series 163:145-153 (Link)

Norkko A (1998) The impact of loose-lying algal mats and predation by the brown shrimp Crangon crangon (L.) on infaunal prey dispersal and survival. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 221:99-116 (Link)

Bonsdorff E, Blomqvist EM, Mattila J, Norkko A (1997) Long-term changes and coastal eutrophication. Examples from the Åland Islands and the Archipelago Sea, N. Baltic Sea. Oceanologica Acta 20:319-329

Bonsdorff E, Blomqvist EM, Mattila J, Norkko A (1997) Coastal eutrophication - causes, consequences and perspectives in the archipelago areas of the northern Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 44 (Suppl. A):63-72

Norkko A, Bonsdorff E (1996) Rapid zoobenthic community responses to accumulations of drifting algae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 131:143-157 (Click for PDF)

Norkko A, Bonsdorff E (1996) Population responses of coastal zoobenthos to stress induced by drifting algal mats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 140:141-151 (Click for PDF)

Norkko A, Bonsdorff E (1996) Altered benthic prey-availability due to episodic oxygen deficiency caused by drifting algal mats. Marine Ecology 17:355-372 (Click for PDF)

Bonsdorff E, Diaz RJ, Norkko A, Cutter GR (1996) Characterization of soft-bottom benthic habitats of the Åland Islands, Northern Baltic Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 142:235-245 (Click for PDF)

Bonsdorff E, Norkko A, Sandberg E (1995) Structuring zoobenthos: the importance of predation, siphon cropping and physical disturbance. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 192:125-144 (Link)

Bonsdorff E, Norkko A, Boström C (1995) Recruitment and population maintenance of the bivalve Macoma balthica (L.) - factors affecting settling success and early survival on shallow sandy bottoms. In: Eleftheriou A, Ansell AD, Smith CJ (eds) Biology and ecology of shallow coastal waters. Proceedings of the 28th European Marine Biology Symposium. Olsen & Olsen, Fredensborg, p 253-260

Bonsdorff E, Norkko A (1994) Flounder (Platichthys flesus L.) spawning in Finnish archipelago waters. Memoranda Societatis Pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 70:30-31

Norkko A, Bonsdorff E, Boström C (1993) Observations of the polychaete Marenzelleria viridis (Verrill) on a shallow sandy bottom on the South Coast of Finland. Memoranda Societatis Pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 69:112-113