Professor Raimo Tuomela - Publications



For downloadable papers, please see here.



Responses to the Critics of Raimo Tuomela: “Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents” (OUP, 2013), ca. 85 pp. Springer, forthcoming in 2016.

Review of Michael Bratman: Shared Agency, A Plannning Theory of Acting Together. Notre Dame Journal of Philosophical Reviews, August 13, 2014.

Collective Goals Analyzed (jointly with Kaarlo Miller), in Chant, S., Hindriks, F., and Preyer, G. (eds.), From Invidual to Collective Intentionality, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 34-60. 2014.

Who is Afraid of Group Agents and Group Minds?. In The Background of Social Reality, eds. M. Schmitz, H. B. Schmid, and B. Kobow. Dordrecht: Springer , pp. 13-35. 2013.

Social Ontology: Collective Intentionality and Group Agents, New York: Oxford University Press. 2013.
[Tuomela's reply to Seumas Miller's review of Social Ontology]

Individualism and Collectivism in Social Science. In Selbstbeobachtung der modernen Gesellschaft und die neuen Grenzen des Sozialen, eds. G. Peter and R.-M. Krauss. 128-143. Wiesbaden: Springer VS. 2012.

Group Reasons. Philosophical Issues 22 (Action Theory) 402-418. 2012.

An Account of Group Knowledge, in Schmid, B. et al. (eds), Collective Epistemology, Ontos Verlag, pp. 75-117. 2011.

Holistic Social Causation and Explanation, in Dieks, D. et al. (eds), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation, Springer, pp. 304-318. 2011.

Searle’s New Construction of  Social Reality. Analysis 71, 706-719. 2011.

Review of Group Agency, The Possibility, Design and Status of Corporate Agents, Notre Dame Journal of Philosophical Reviews, November. 2011.

Two Kinds of We-Reasoning (jointly with Raul Hakli and Kaarlo Miller), Economics and Philosophy 26, 291-320. 2010.

Cooperation as Joint Action, Analyse und Kritik 33, 2010, pp. 65-86. 2010.

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Group Thinking and Sociality, in Fehige, C., Lumer, C. and Wessels, U. (eds.), Handeln mit Bedeutung und Handeln mit Gewalt. 2009.

Collective Acceptance, Social Institutions, and Social Reality, in Preyer, G. (ed.), Neuer Mensch und kollektive Identität in der Kommunikationsgesellschaft, VS Verlag, pp. 272-306. 2009.

Collective Intentions and Game Theory, Journal of Philosophy CVI, 292-300. 2009.

Ragioni di Gruppo e Intenzionalita` Collectiva, in Luigi Ruggiu and Italo Tesla (eds.), Lo Spazio Sociale della Ragione: Da Hegel in Avanti, Mimesis  pp. 405-422. 2009.

Collective Intentionality and Group Reasons, in  Schmid, H. B., Schulte–Ostermann, K., and Psarros, N., Concepts of Sharedness, Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt, pp. 3-20. 2008.

On the Ontological Nature of Social Groups, in Pihlström, S., Raatikainen, P., and Sintonen, M. (eds.), Approaching Truth, College Publications, London. 2008.

Chapter 15: Raimo Tuomela, in Rios, D. and Schmidt-Petri, C., Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Five Questions, Automatic Press, pp. 143-150. 2008.

Le mode-nous et le mode-je, in Vanderveken, D. and Fisette, Denis (eds.), Actions, Rationalité, College Publications, London, pp. 97-137. 2008.

Motivational Reasons for Action, in  M. Timmons,  J. Greco, and A. Mele, eds., Rationality and the Good: Themes from the Epistemology and Ethics of Robert Audi. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 176-197. 2007.

Cooperation and the We-perspective, in  Peter, F. and Schmid, H. B. (eds.), Rationality and Commitment, Oxford University Press, pp. 227-257. 2007.

Joint Intention, the We-mode and the I-mode, Midwest Studies in Philosophy XXX, 35-58. 2006.

Reasons for Action, in Aho, T. and Pietarinen, A.-V. (eds.), Truth and Games: Essays in Honor of Gabriel Sandu, Acta Philosophica Fennica, Helsinki, pp. 187-205. 2006.

Joint Action, in Psarros, N., Schulte-Ostermann and Stekeler-Weithofer, P., Facets of Sociality, Ontos Verlag, pp. 169-208. 2006.

The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View,
Oxford University Press, New York,  318 pp. 2006.

Two Basic Kinds of Cooperation, in Vanderveken, D.,   Logic, Thought, and Action, Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 79-107. 2005.

We-Intentions Revisited, Philosophical Studies 125, 327-369. 2005.

Adenzato, M., Becchio, C., Bertone, C., and Tuomela, R. 2005. “Neural Correlates Underlying Action-intention and Aim-intention”, Cognitive Science Society Conference, Cogsci2005, Stresa, Italy. 2005.

Cooperation and Trust in Group Context, joint paper with M. Tuomela, Mind and Society 4, 49-84. 2005.

Group Knowledge Analyzed, Episteme 1, N:o 2, 109-127. 2004.

The We-mode and the I-mode, in F. Schmitt (ed.), Socializing Metaphysics: The Nature of Social Reality, Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham, Md, pp. 93-127. 2003.

Collective Intentions and the Maintenance of Social Practices (jointly with Wolfgang Balzer), Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 6, 7-33. 2003.

Collective Acceptance, Social Institutions, and Social Reality, American Journal of Sociology and Economics 62, Special Invited Issue, 123-166. 2003.

Review of Juarrero, A., Dynamics in Action, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research LXVI, 494-497. 2003.

Review of Miller, S., Social Action: A Teleological Account, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81, 300-301. 2003.

Social Practices and Collective Attitudes (jointly with Wolfgang Balzer), Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 6, 7-33. 2003.

Social Institutions, Norms, and Practices (jointly with Wolfgang Balzer), in Conte, R. and Dellarocas, C. (eds.), Social Order  in Multiagent Systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht and Norwell, Mass., pp. 161-179. 2003.

Acting As a Group Member and Collective Commitment (jointly with Maj Tuomela), Protosociology18, 7-65. 2003.

Cooperation and We-Mode Preferences in Multi-Agent Systems (jointly with Raul Hakli), in Dittrich, P. and Kim, J. (eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Social Life at ECAL 2003, Dortmund, September 14-17, 2003, printed by the University of Dortmund. 2003.

Group Knowledge, in Löffler, W. and Weingartner, P. (eds.) Knowledge and Belief, Papers of the 26th International Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society, pp. 345-347. 2003.

Protosociology vol 18 (
coeditor jointly with Gerhard Preyer and Georg Peter), 2003.

Collective Acceptance, Social Institutions, and Group Beliefs, in Buschlinger, W. and Lütge, C. (eds.), Kaltbluetig, Philosophie von einem rationalen Standpunkt, Hirzel Verlag, Stuttgart, pp.429-446. 2003.

Review of John Searle, 2001, Rationality in Action (The MIT Press), in Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2002.

Collective Goals and Communicative Action, Journal of Philosophical Research 27, 29-64. 2002.

Group Action and Group Responsibility (jointly with P. Mäkelä), Protosociology XVI, 195-214. 2002.

Review of Keith Graham, 2002, Practical Reasoning in a Social World, (Cambridge UP), 2002.

Joint Intention and Commitment, in Meggle, G.. (ed.), Social Facts & Collective Intentionality, in German Library of Sciences, Philosophical Research, vol. 1, Dr. Hänsel-Hohenhausen AG, Frankfurt, pp. 385-418. 2002.

Reply to Critics, in Meggle, G.. (ed.), Social Facts & Collective Intentionality, in German Library of Sciences, Philosophical Research, vol. 1, Dr. Hänsel-Hohenhausen AG, Frankfurt, pp. 419-436. 2002.

The Philosophy of Social Practices: A Collective Acceptance View,  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 274 pp. 2002.

Searle, Collective Intentionality and Social Institutions, in Grewendorf, G and Meggle, G. (eds.), Speech Acts, Mind, and Social Reality,  Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 293-307. 2002.

Collective Acceptance and Collective Attitudes  (jointly  with Wolfgang Balzer), in U. Mäki (ed.), Fact and Fiction in Economics, Cambridge University Press, pp. 269-284. 2002.

Group Action and Group Responsibility’ (jointly with P. Mäkelä), Protosociology XVI, 195-214. 2001.

Collective Acceptance and Social Reality, in Lagerspetz, E. et al. (eds.), On the Nature of  Institutional and Social Reality, SoPhi,  Jyväskylä, pp. 102-135 (an abbreviated version appeared in Rasmussen, D.,ed., The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, vol 11, pp. 161-171). 2001.

What are Collective Goals (together with Kaarlo Miller), in Kiikeri, M. and Ylikoski, P. (eds.), Explanatory Connections, http:// 2001.

Collective Intentionality and Social Agents, in Kiikeri, M. and Ylikoski, P. (eds.), Explanatory Connections, http:// 2001.

Shared Belief, Chapter 14 in the International Elsevier Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, pp. 14039-14043. 2001.

Cooperation: A Philosophical Study, Philosophical Studies Series, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht and Boston. 2000.

Belief versus Acceptance, Philosophical Explorations 2, 122-137. 2000.

Reasons for Action, in Brogaard, B. (ed.), Rationality and Irrationality (Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 8), Kirchberg. Austrian L. Wittgenstein Society, pp. 193-198. 2000.

Collective and Joint Intention, Mind and Society 1, n:o 2, 39-69 (a Spanish translation appeared in Pascual F. Martinez-Freire (ed.), Filosofia Actual de la Mente, Contrastes, Suplemento 6, pp. 105-150. 2000.

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Eine  Theorie des Gemeinschaftlichen  (jointly  with  Wolfgang Balzer), Facta Philosophica 1, 55-76. 1999.

Yhteistahto (jointly with Kaarlo Miller), in Niiniluoto, I. and Sintonen, M. (eds.), Tahto,  Filosofisia tutkimuksia Tampereen Yliopistosta 61, Tampere, pp. 116-126. 1999.

Private versus collective attitudes, in  Nida-Ruemelin, J. (ed.) Analyomen 3, (Perspektiven der Analytischen Philosophie), Walter de Gruyter, Berlin and New York, pp. 317-321. 1999.

Collective goals and cooperation, in Arrazola, X., Korta,  K., and  Pelletier, F. (eds.) Discourse, Interaction, and  Communication, Kluwer Publishing Company, Dordrecht, pp. 121-139. 1998.

A defense of mental causation, Philosophical Studies 90, 1-34. 1998.

Sosiaalisen  toiminnan filosofia ja  kollektiivisen toiminnan ongelmat  (jointly  with  Pekka Mäkelä), in  Kotkavirta,  J.  and Laitinen, A., 1998, Yhteisö: Filosofian näkökulmia yhteisöllisyyteen, SoPhi, Jyväskylä, pp. 199-215. 1998.

Social action, in Craig, E. (ed.),  Routledge Encyclopedia  of Philosophy, vol. 8, Routledge, London and New York, pp. 822-824. 1998.

Mutual Belief, in Mäkelä, P. et al., Filosofisia iskuja, Filosofisia tutkimuksia Tampereen yliopistosta, vol. 65, pp. 320-328. 1998.

Collective Acceptance and Collective Social  Notions  (jointly with Wolfgang Balzer), Synthese 117, 175-205. 1998.

Searle on Social Institutions, Philosophy and  Phenomenological Research LVII, 435-441. 1997.

The structure and verification of plan-based joint  intentions (jointly with Wolfgang Balzer), International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems 6, 3-26. 1997.

Review of David Braybrooke (ed.): Social Rules: Origin; Character;  Logic;  Change, Westview Press,  Boulder,  Colorado,  1996, Philosophy in Review XVII, 3-5.. 1997.

Review of Frederick F. Schmitt (ed.): Socializing Epistemology: The  Social  Dimensions  of Knowledge,  Rowman  and  Littlefield, Lanman, Md, 1994, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research  LVII, 725-729. 1998.

From Social Imitation to Teamwork (jointly with Maj  Bonnevier-Tuomela),  in  Holmström-Hintikka,  G, and  Tuomela,  R.  (eds.), Contemporary  Action  Theory,  vol. II:  Social  Action),  Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 1-47. 1997.

A Fixed Point Approach to Collective Attitudes  (jointly  with Wolfgang  Balzer),  in  Holmström-Hintikka, G,  and  Tuomela,  R. (eds.),  Contemporary  Action Theory, vol.  II:  Social  Action), Kluwer Academic Publishers), pp. 115-142. 1997.

Gemeinsame Absichten, in Meggle, G. (ed.), Analyomen  2  (Perspektiven  der  Analytischen Philosophie), Vol.  III,  Walter  de Gruyter, Berlin and New York, pp. 171-178. 1997.

Kommunikative  Handlungen und Kooperative Ziele,  Analyse  und Kritik 19 (2/97), 153-172. 1997.

Tieteellinen realismi ja sosiaalinen todellisuus, in  Kieseppä, I.,  Pihlström, S., and Raatikainen, P. (eds.), Tieto, totuus  ja todellisuus. Gaudeamus, Helsinki, pp. 109-119. 1996.

Philosophy and distributed artificial intelligence: The case of joint intention and joint action, in Jennings, N. and O'Hare,  G. (eds.),  Foundations  of  Distributed  Artificial   Intelligence, Wiley, New York, pp. 487-503. 1996.

Intenciones conjuntas y acuerdo, in W. Gonzales (ed.), Accion e historia:  El  objeto de la historia y la teoria  de  la  accion, Universidade da Coruna, Servicio de Publicacions, pp. 279-293. 1996.

Que ed cooperation?, in W. Gonzales (ed.), Accion e  historia: El  objeto de la historia y la teoria de la accion,  Universidade da Coruna, Servicio de Publicacions, pp. 295-307.1996.

Creencias de grupo, in W. Gonzales (ed.), Accion e historia: El objeto  de la historia y la teoria de la accion, Universidade  da Coruna, Servicio de Publicacions, pp. 309-334. 1996.

Rational cooperation and collective goals, Protosociology  8-9,  260-291. 1196.

Onko maailma pelkkää ainetta? (jointly with Ari Peuhu), Niin  & Näin, N:o 2, 52-59. 1995

Norms and Agreement (jointly with M. Bonnevier-Tuomela),  European  Journal  of Law, Philosophy and Computer Science  5,  41-46 (revised  version with the same title in Attwooll, E. and  Comanducci, P. (eds.), 1998, Sources of Law and Legislation, Vol. III, Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 87-93). 1995.

Kollektiivisen  toiminnan ongelmat ja  Suomen  valtiontalouden epätasapaino  (jointly with Jouni Airo), Kanava 7/1995, pp.  402-406. 1995.

The  Importance of Us: A Philosophical Study of  Basic  Social Notions,   Stanford  Series in  Philosophy,  Stanford  University Press, Stanford, Calif. 1995.

Joint Action and Group Action Made Precise (jointly  with  Gabriel Sandu), Synthese 105, 319-345. 1995.

Action as seeing to it that something is the case, jointly with Gabriel Sandu, in Paul Humphries (ed.), Patrick Suppes: Scientific Philosopher, Vol. 3, Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 193-221. 1994.

The fate of folk psychology, in Revonsuo, A. and Kamppinen,  M. (eds.),  Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive  Neuroscience, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 227-248. 1994.

In  search for the common mind: a critical  notice  of  Philip Pettit's The Common Mind, International Journal of  Philosophical Studies 2, 306-321. 1994.

What is cooperation?, Erkenntnis 38, 87-101. 1993.

What are joint intentions?, in Casati, R. and White, G. (eds.), Philosophy  and the Cognitive Sciences, Austrian Ludwig  Wittgenstein Society, Kirchberg, pp. 543-547. 1993.

Corporate intention and corporate action, Analyse  und  Kritik 15, 11-21. 1993.

Corporate action: A reply to Coleman, Analyse und  Kritik  15, 216-218. 1993.

On the structural aspects of collective action and free-riding, Theory and Decision 32, 165-202. 1992.

We-intentions, free-riding and being in reserve (jointly  with Kaarlo Miller), Erkenntnis 36, 25-52. 1992.

Social norms, tasks, and roles (jointly  with  Maj  Bonnevier-Tuomela),  Reports from the Department of Philosophy,  University of Helsinki, N:o 1, 46 pp. 1992.

Group beliefs, Synthese 91, 285-318. 1992.

Kaila's notion of terminal causality (jointly with Marja  Leena Toukonen), in Niiniluoto, I., Sintonen, M., and von Wright,  G.H. (eds.),  Eino  Kaila and logical  empiricismActa  Philosophica Fennica 52, 128-151. 1992.

Review of D. Walton: Practical Reasoning, Goal-Driven,  Action-Guiding Argumentation, Theoria LVIII, pp. 92-96. 1992.

Kausaler interner Realismus, Dialektik 1991/1, 86-111. 1991.

We will do it: An analysis of group-intentions, Philosophy  and Phenomenological Research LI, 249-277. 1991.

Intentional single and joint action, Philosophical Studies  62, 235-262. 1991.

The  social  dimension of action theory,  Daimon.  Revista  de Filosofia 3, 165-178. 1991.

On radical conceptual revolutions in social  science,  Journal for General Philosophy of Science 22, 303-320. 1991.

Supervenience, collective action, and Kelsen's  organ  theory, Archive für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 40, 35-40. 1991.

Mutual beliefs and social characteristics, in Schurz,  G.  and Dorn, G. (eds.), Advances in Scientific Philosophy, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 467-480. 1991.

What are goals and joint goals?, Theory and Decision 28, 1-20. 1990.

Are reason-explanations explanations by means  of  structuring causes?, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50, 813-818. 1900.

Methodological individualism and explanation,  Philosophy  of Science 57, N:o 1, 133-140. 1990.

Causal internal realism, in Pasternack, G. (ed.),  Philosophie und Wissenschaften, Peter Lang-Verlag, Bremen, 165-179. 1990.

On Searle's argument against the possibility of social laws, in E. Lepore and R. Van Gulick (eds.), John Searle and His  Critics, Blackwell, Oxford, 303-309. 1990.

Review of Margaret Gilbert: On Social FactsPhilosophia  20, 331-338. 1990.

Can collectives have beliefs?, in Haaparanta, L.,  Kusch,  M., and Niiniluoto, I. (eds.), Language, Knowledge, and Intentionality:  Perspectives  on  the Philosophy of  Jaakko  Hintikka,  Acta Philosophica Fennica 49, 454-472. 1990.

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Methodological solipsism and explanation in psychology, Philosophy of Science 56, 23-47. 1989.

Ruben and the metaphysics of the social world, British  Journal of Philosophy of Science 40, 261-273. 1989.

Collective action, supervenience, and  constitution,  Synthese 80, 243-266. 1989.

Actions by collectives, Philosophical Perspectives 3  (Philosophy of Mind and Action Theory), 471-496. 1989.

Collective  Action, Free-Riders,  and  Interpersonal  Control, Reports from the Department of Philosophy, University of  Helsinki, N:o 3, 1989, 69 pp. 1989.

On radical conceptual revolutions in social science, in Kangas, U. (ed.), Enlightenment, Rights, Revolution, Publications of  the Department of Jurisprudence and Comparative Law, n:o 8, 1989, pp. 71-88. 1989.

What does doing one's part of a joint action involve?,  Analyse und Kritik 11, 197-207. 1989.

Toiminnan teorian sosiaalinen dimensio, Ajatus 46, 60-75. 1989.

We-intentions  (jointly  with  Kaarlo  Miller),  Philosophical Studies 53, 367-389. 1988.

Free-riding and the prisoner's dilemma, The Journal of Philosophy LXXXV, 421-427. 1988.

Eine  pragmatisch-nomologische Theorie  des  wissenschaflichen Erklärens  und Verstehens, pp., in Schurz, G.(ed.), Erklaren  und Verstehen in der Wissenschaft, Oldenbourg, Munich, 125-170. 1988.

The myth of the given and realism, Erkenntnis 29, 181-200. 1988.

Legal norms and social practical reasoning, in  S. Panou &  al. (eds.),  Contemporary Conceptions of Social Philosophy  (Proceedings  of the 12th World Congress of Philosophy of Law and  Social Philosophy, Part 4), Steiner, Stuttgart, 195-198. 1988.

Science, protoscience, and pseudoscience. In J.C Pitt  and  M. Pera (eds.), Rational Changes in Science, Reidel, Dordrecht,  83-101. 1987.

Scientific realism and best explanation. In P. Weingartner  and G. Schurz (eds.), Logic, Philosophy of Science, and Epistemology, Proceedings  of  the 11th  International  Wittgenstein  Symposium (Kirchberg, Austria), 196-202. 1987.

Mitä on olemassa?, Ajatus 44, 70-81. 1987.

Tieteellisen maailmankäsityksen luonteesta, Yearbook 1985-86 of the Finnish Academy of the Sciences, 99-105. 1986.

Replies to the critics of A Theory of Social  ActionAnalyse und Kritik 8, 229-241. 1986.

The components of social control. Quality and Quantity 19, 1  - 51. 1985.

Truth and best explanation. Erkenntnis 22, 271 - 299. 1985.

Science,  Action, and Reality. D. Reidel  Publishing  Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and Lancaster. 1985.

Social  action. In: G. Seebass and R. Tuomela  (eds.),  Social Action,  D.  Reidel Publishing Company,  Dordrecht,  Boston,  and Lancaster, 103 - 127. 1985.

Reply  to Seebass and Miller. In: G. Seebass  and  R.  Tuomela (eds.),  Social Action, D. Reidel Publishing Company,  Dordrecht, Boston, and Lancaster, 149 - 150. 1985.

Social Action. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and Lancaster (editor together with G. Seebass). 1985.

We-intentions and social action. Analyse und Kritik 7, 26 -  43 (jointly with Kaarlo Miller). 1985.

Scienza, protoscienza e pseudoscienza. In: M. Pera and J.  Pitt (eds.), I Modi del Progresso, Il Saggiatore, Milano, 68 - 86. 1985.

Tieteellisestä maailmankäsityksestä. Ajatus 42, 2 - 21. 1985.

A Theory of Social Action. D. Reidel Publishing Company,  Dordrecht, Boston, and Lancaster, 534 pp. 1984.

Social Action-Functions. Phil. Soc. Sci. 14, 133 - 147. 1984.

Ihmismielestä riippumattomista olioista. In: Leila  Haaparanta (ed.), Olio, Reports from the Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki, n:o 1, 176 - 182. 1984.

Kvanttimekaniikka, Bellin epäyhtälöt ja tieteellinen  realismi. Arkhimedes 36, 19 - 41 (jointly with Eero Byckling). 1984.

Social  Action,  Systems Theory and  Scientific  Progress,  in Neumaier,  O. (ed.), Mind, Language and Society, Wien, pp. 188  - 204. 1984.

Eino Kailan terminaalikausaliteetin käsite. Ajatus 40,  256  - 280 (together with Marja Leena Toukonen). 1983.

Tiede, toiminta ja todellisuus, Gaudeamus, Jyväskylä. 1983.

Joint Social Action. Reports from the Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki, n:o 1. 1982.

Comments  on Myles Brand's paper  "Cognition  and  intention". Erkenntnis 18, 189 - 194. 1982.

Action  generation.  In: Ilkka  Niiniluoto  and  Esa  Saarinen (eds.),  Intensional Logic, Acta Philosophica Fennica 35,  282  - 301. 1982.

Explanation  of action. In: Flöistad, G.  (ed.),  Contemporary Philosophy, 3, 15 - 43. 1982.

Tieteellinen realismi - tieteen oma filosofia?. Tiede ja  edistys, n:o 2, 103 - 111.- Metafyysinen vaiko sisäinen realismi? Tiede ja edistys, n:o  4, 309. 1982.

Inductive explanation. Synthese 48, 257 - 294. 1981.

Yhteiskuntatieteet,  lait ja arvot. Sosiologia, n:o 3,  238  - 239. 1981.

Individualism and concept formation in the social sciences. In: Agassi, J. and Cohen, R. (eds.), Scientific Philosophy Today,  D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, Boston and London, 425 - 438. 1981.

Are analogy accounts of thinking circular? Ajatus XXXVIII,  124 - 147. 1980.

Explaining explaining. Erkenntnis 15, 211 - 243. 1980.

Analogy and Distance. Zeitschrift fuer Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie XI, n:o 2, 276 - 291. 1980.

Metaphysical versus Internal Realism. Reports from the  Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki, n:o 8. 1980.

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Explanation of Action. Reports from the Department of  Philosophy, 18 pp. University of Helsinki, N:o 1. 1979.

Theories of human action. Acta Psychologica Fennica VI, 3 - 14. 1979.

The Logic and Epistemology of Scientific Change (editor together with Ilkka Niiniluoto). Acta Philosophica Fennica 30, n:os 2 - 4, North-Holland, Amsterdam. 1979.

Scientific change and approximation. In: I. Niiniluoto and  R. Tuomela (eds.), The Logic and Epistemology of Scientific  Change, Acta Philosophica Fennica 30, n:os 2 - 4, North-Holland,  Amsterdam, 265 - 297. 1979.

The Structure of Social Action. Reports from the Department  of Philosophy, University of Helsinki, N:o 2. 1979.

Putnam's realisms. Theoria XLV, Part 3, 114 - 126. 1979.

Scientific  realism and perception. British  Journal  for  the Philosophy of Science 29, 87 - 104. 1978.

Theory-distance and verisimilitude. Synthese 38, 213 - 246. 1978.

Tieteenfilosofian uudet haasteet. Sosiologia, n:o 3, 157 - 159. 1978.

On  the structuralist approach to the  dynamics  of  theories. Synthese 39, 211 - 231. 1978.

Purposiivinen kausaliteetti ja empiirisen testattavuuden vaatimus. Psykologia, n:o 6, 63 - 65. 1978.

Causality  and action. In: J. Hintikka and  R.  Butts  (eds.), Foundational  Problems in the Special Sciences, Part Two  of  the Proceedings of the Invited Papers presented at the V International Congress in Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, held in London, Ontario 1975. D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht  and Boston, 167 - 203. 1977.

Dispositions, realism and explanation. Synthese 34, 457 - 478. 1977.

Dispositions (editor). Synthese Library, D. Reidel  Publishing Co., Dordrecht and Boston, 448 pp. 1977.

Human Action and Its Explanation: A Study on the  Philosophical Foundations of Psychology. Synthese Library, D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht and Boston. 1977.

Explanation and understanding of human behavior. In: J.  Manninen and R. Tuomela (eds.), Essays on Explanation and  Understanding. Synthese Library, D. Reidel Publishing Company, 183 - 205. 1976.

Essays on Explanation and Understanding (editor together  with Juha  Manninen). Synthese Library, D. Reidel Publishing  Company. 1976.

Yhteiskuntatieteiden  filosofiset  perusteet I  -  II  (editor together with Ilkka Patoluoto). Gaudeamus, Helsinki,  I: 483 pp.,  II: 298 pp. 1976.

Teoreettiset käsitteet ja havaintokäsitteet. In: R. Tuomela and I.  Patoluoto (eds.), Yhteiskuntatieteiden filosofiset  perusteet I, Gaudeamus, Helsinki, 204 - 213. 1976.

Causes and deductive explanation. In: R.S. Cohen, C.A.  Hooker, A.C.  Michalos and J.W. Evra (eds.), PSA 1974, Selected  Proceedings  of the 1974 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy  of  Science Association. D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht and Boston,  325 - 360. 1976.

Confirmation, explanation and the paradoxes  of  transitivity. In:  R.J.  Bogdan (ed.), Local Induction.  Synthese  Library,  D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht and Boston, 319 - 328. 1976.

Morgan on deductive explanation: a rejoinder. Journal of Philosophical Logic 5, 527 - 543. 1976.

Causality, ontology, and subsumptive explanation. In: M.  Przelecki et. al. (eds.), Formal Methods in the Methodology of Empirical Sciences. Ossolineum, Warsaw, 268 - 286. 1976.

Humanististen tieteiden ja yhteiskuntatieteiden  metodologinen asema. Psykologia, n:o 2, 37 - 41. 1976.

Purposive causation of action. In: D. Föllesdal et. al. (eds.), Kausalitet.  Institutt for filosofi, Universitetet i Oslo,  83  - 120. 1976.

Psychological concepts and functionalism. In: Essays  on  Wittgenstein in Honour of G.H. von Wright. Acta Philosophica Fennica 28, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 364 - 393. 1976.

Yhteiskuntatieteiden  eksakti metodologia  (editor).  Gaudeamus, Helsinki. 1975.

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