University homepage Suomeksi In English
University of Helsinki
 

Explaining Early Jewish and Christian Movements:
Ritual, Memory and Identity

Project:

Contact us:

Project Director:
Petri Luomanen
Academy research fellow
Department of Biblical Studies
P.O. BOX 33 (Aleksanterinkatu 7)
FI-00014 University of Helsinki
Tel: +358-(0)9 191 24014
Fax: +358-(0)9 191 22106
E-Mail

Publications

Books

Nissinen, Martti & Uro, Risto (eds.), Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns 2008.

The title of this volume, Sacred Marriages, consciously plays with the traditional concept of sacred marriage, but the plural form, “sacred marriages,” gives the reader an idea that something more is at stake here than a monomaniacal idea of manifestations deriving from a single prototype. Following the guidelines of one of the contributors, Ruben Zimmermann, the editors tentatively define “sacred marriage” as a “real or symbolic union of two complementary entities, imagined as gendered, in a religious context.” “Sacred marriages” (plural), then, refers to various expressions of this kind of union in different cultures that seek to overcome, to cite Zimmermann again, “the great dualism of human and cosmic existence.”

Luomanen, Petri & Pyysiäinen, Ilkka & Uro, Risto (eds.). Explaining Christian Origins and Early Judaism: Contributions from Cognitive and Social Science. Biblical Interpretation. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2007.

Cognitive science of religion is a radically new paradigm in the study of religion. Apart from psychology and anthropology of religion, also historians of religion have shown increasing interest in this approach. This volume is groundbreaking in combining cognitive analysis with historical and social-scientific approaches to biblical materials, Christian origins, and early Judaism. The book is in four parts: an introduction to cognitive and social-scientific approaches, applications of cognitive science, applications of conceptual blending theory, and applications of socio-cognitive analyses. The book will be of interest for historians of religion, biblical scholars, and those working in the cognitive science of religion. Download a flyer about the book here.

Asgeirsson, J. Ma. & DeConick, A. D. & Uro, Risto (eds.), Thomasine Traditions in Antiquity: The Social and Cultural World of the Gospel of Thomas. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 59. Leiden Brill 2006.

This volume is a selection of papers presented to the Society of Biblical Literature Thomasine Traditions Group from 1996 to 2001. The papers focus on the early Christian writings attributed to the apostle Thomas with particular emphasis on the Gospel of Thomas. The collection offers an extensive discussion of the social and cultural world of the gospel, particularly examining its relationship to other contemporary Christian writings and Graeco-Roman literature. The essays give a helpful survey of recent developments and discussions in the field of Thomasine studies.

Hakola, Raimo. Identity Matters; John, the Jews and Jewishness. Novum Testamentum Supplements 118. Leiden: Brill, 2005. (Revised edition of Hakola's doctoral thesis.)

This book challenges current scholarly consensus concerning John's references to the Jews in two ways. First, the author suggests that John's portrayal of the Jews cannot be understood as a response to the violent policy of John's opponents. Second, the author claims that John's portrayal of Jewishness is much more ambivalent than is often claimed today.

The first part of the book offers a detailed criticism on the so called two-level reading strategy which claims that John's references to the Jews emerge from the conflict with rabbinic Judaism. The second part examines in detail John's relationship to some basic markers of Jewishness.

The book contributes to the ongoing discussion of anti-Judaism in John and efforts to understand John's historical setting.

Jokiranta, Jutta. Identity on a Continuum: Constructing and Expressing Sectarian Social Identity in Qumran Serakhim and Pesharim. Diss. Helsinki: Yliopistopaino, 2005.

Luomanen, Petri. Entering the Kingdom of Heaven. A Study on the Structure of Matthew's View of Salvation. WUNT 2/101. Mohr Siebeck: Tübingen, 1998. (Revised edition of Luomanen's doctoral thesis.)

<< top of page

Articles

Raimo Hakola, "'Friendly' Pharisees and Social Identity in the Book of Acts." Forthcoming in Thomas E. Phillips (ed.), Contemporary Studies in Acts. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2008.

Hakola, Raimo. "Being the Same and Different at the Same Time: Social Identities and Group Phenomena in the Second Temple Period." Forthcoming in P. Luomanen, I. Pyysiäinen and R. Uro (eds.), Explaining Christian Origins and Early Judaism: Contributions from Cognitive and Social Science. Biblical Interpretation. Leiden: Brill.

Jokiranta, Jutta and Wassen, Cecilia. "A Brotherhood at Qumran? Metaphorical Familial Language in the Dead Sea Scrolls." Forthcoming in Anders Klostergaard Petersen et al. (eds.) Nordic Light(s) on Qumran.

Jokiranta, Jutta. "Social Identity Approach: Identity-Constructing Elements in the Psalms Pesher." Forthcoming in Florentino García Martínez (ed.), Defining Identities: Who is the Other? We, You, and the Others in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Congress Proceedings of IOQS, July 25-28 2004, Groningen. Leiden: Brill.

Luomanen, Petri & Pyysiäinen, Ilkka & Uro, Risto. "Introduction: Social and Cognitive Perspectives in the Study of Early Judaism and Christianity." Forthcoming in P. Luomanen, I. Pyysiäinen & R. Uro (eds.), Explaining Christian Origins and Early Judaism: Contributions from Cognitive and Social Science. Biblical Interpretation. Leiden: Brill.

Luomanen, Petri. "The Nazarenes' Gospel and Commentary on Isaiah Reconsidered." Forthcoming in P. Piovanelli (ed.), Proceedings of the SBL International Meeting in Groningen, NL, 2004.

Luomanen, Petri. "The Sociology of Knowledge, the Social Identity Approach, and the Cognitive Science of Religion. Forthcoming in P. Luomanen, I. Pyysiäinen and R. Uro (eds.), Explaining Christian Origins and Early Judaism: Contributions from Cognitive and Social Science. Biblical Interpretation. Leiden: Brill

Uro, Risto. "Gnostic Rituals from a Cognitive Perspective." Forthcoming in P. Luomanen, I. Pyysiäinen and R. Uro (eds.), Explaining Christian Origins and Early Judaism: Contributions from Cognitive and Social Science. Biblical Interpretation. Leiden: Brill.

Uro, Risto. "The Bridal Chamber and Other Mysteries: Ritual System and Ritual Transmission in the Valentinian Movement." In Nissinen, Martti & Uro, Risto (eds.), Sacred Marriages: The Divine-Human Sexual Metaphor from Sumer to Early Christianity. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns (in print).

Uro, Risto. "Towards a Cognitive History of Early Christian Rituals." Forthcoming in István Czachesz & Tamas Biro (eds.), Changing Minds: Religion and Cognition through the Ages. Groningen Studies in Cultural Change. Leuven: Peeters.

Wassen, Cecilia and Jokiranta, Jutta. "Groups in Tension: Sectarianism in the Damascus Document and the Community Rule." Pages 205-45 in David Chalcraft (ed.), Sectarianism in Early Judaism: Sociological Advances. Equinox Press, 2007.

Hakola, Raimo and Reinhartz, Adele. "John's Pharisees." Pages 131-147, 446-452 in Jacob Neusner and Bruce D. Chilton (eds.), Quest of the Historical Pharisees. Waco: Baylor University Press, 2007.

Hakola, Raimo. "The Johannine Community as Jewish Christians? Some Problems in Current Scholarly Consensus." Pages 181-201, 323-326 in Matt Jackson-McCabe (ed.), Reconsidering Jewish Christianity: Rethinking Ancient Groups and Texts. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2007.

Luomanen, Petri. “Ebionites and Nazarenes." Pages 81-118 in Matt Jackson-McCabe (ed.), Jewish Christianity Reconsidered: Rethinking Ancient Groups and Texts. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2007.

Jokiranta, Jutta. "Prototypical Teacher in the Qumran Pesharim: A Social Identity Approach." Pages 254-263 in Ancient Israel: The Old Testament in Its Social Context. Ed. Philip F. Esler. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2006.

Luomanen, Petri. "Let Him Who Seeks Continue Seeking: The Relationship Between Jewish-Christian Gospels and the Gospel of Thomas. Pages 119-53 in J. Ma. Asgeirsson, A DeConick and R. Uro (eds.), Thomasine Traditions in Antiquity: The Social and Cultural World of the Gospel of Thomas. Nag Hammadi and Manichean Studies 59. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2006.

Luomanen, Petri ja Raimo Hakola, "Raamattu ja kirkko postmodernissa ajassa: Raamatuntutkimuksen näkökulmia" [The Bible and Church in the Post-Modern Era: Viewpoints of Biblical Criticism, with an English abstract (scroll down)]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 111 (2006), 611-629.

Uro, Risto. "The Social World of the Gospel of Thomas." Pages 19-38 in J. Ma. Asgeirsson, A. D. DeConick & Risto Uro (eds.), Thomasine Traditions in Antiquity: The Social and Cultural World of the Gospel of Thomas. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 59. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Uro, Risto. "Kieltäytymisen lumo: Seksuaalinen asketismi varhaiskristillisyydessä. Pages 60-80 in Minna Ahola, Marjo-Liisa Antikainen, Päivi Salmesvuori (eds.), Taivaallista seksiä: Kristinusko ja seksuaalisuus. Tammi, 2006.

Hakola, Raimo. "The Counsel of Caiaphas and the Social Identity of the Johannine Community (John 11:47-53)." Pages 140-163 in A. Mustakallio, H. Leppä & H. Räisänen (eds.), Lux Humana, Lux Aeterna: Essays on Biblical and Related Themes in Honour of Lars Aejmelaeus. Publications of the Finnish Exegetical Society 89. Helsinki/Göttingen: Finnish Exegetical Society/Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 2005.

Luomanen, Petri. "Nazarenes." Pages 279-315 in A. Marjanen and P. Luomanen (eds.), Companion to the Second Century Christian "Heretics." Supplemets to Vigiliae Christianae 76. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2005.

Luomanen, Petri. “On the Fringes of Canon: Eusebius'View of the 'Gospel of the Hebrews'. Pages 265-81 in J. Ådna (ed.), The Formation of the Early Church. WUNT 183. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2005.

Luomanen, Petri. "Sacrifices Abolished: The Last Supper in Luke (Codex Bezae) and in the Gospel of the Ebionites." Pages 186-208 in A. Mustakallio, H. Leppä & H. Räisänen (eds.), Lux Humana, Lux Aeterna: Essays on Biblical and Related Themes in Honour of Lars Aejmelaeus. Publications of the Finnish Exegetical Society 89. Helsinki: The Finnish Exegetical Society, 2005.

Uro, Risto. "Explaining Early Christian Asceticism: Methodological Considerations." Pages 458-74 in Antti Mustakallio, Heikki Leppä & Heikki Räisänen (eds.), Lux Humana, Lux Aeterna: Essays on Biblical and Related Themes in Honour of Lars Aejmelaeus. Publications of the Finnish Exegetical Society 89. Helsinki: Finnish Exegetical Society; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2005.

Luomanen, Petri. "Where Did Another Rich Man Come From? The Jewish Christian Profile of the Story About a Rich Man in the 'Gospel of the Hebrews' (Origen, Comm. in Matth. 15.14)". Vigiliae Christianae 57 (2003): 243-275.

Jokiranta, Jutta. "The Sectarianism of the Qumran 'Sect': Sociological Notes." Revue de Qumran 78 (2001): 224-239.

Luomanen, Petri. "The Sociology of Sectarianism in Matthew: Modeling the Genesis of Early Jewish and Christian Communities." Pages 107-130 in I. Dunderberg, K. Syreeni and C. Tuckett (eds.), Fair Play - Diversity and Conflicts in Early Christianity: Essays in Honor of Heikki Räisänen. NovTSupp 103. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2001 /2002.

Hakola, Raimo. "'Pelastus on juutalaisista.' Juutalainen Messias ja juutalaisvastaisuus Johanneksen evankeliumissa" ["'Salvation Comes from the Jews.' The Jewish Messiah and Anti-Jewish Tendencies in the Fourth Gospel", with an English abstract]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 105 (2000), 499-509.

Uro, Risto. "'Washing the Outside of the Cup': Gos. Thom. 89 and Synoptic Parallels." Pages 303-22 in J. Ma. Asgeirsson, K. De Troyer & M. Meyer (eds.), From Quest to Q: Festschrift James M. Robinson. BETL 146. Leuven: Leuven University Press/ Peeters, 2000.

Hakola, Raimo. "A Character Resurrected: Lazarus in the Fourth Gospel and Afterwards." Pages 223-263 in D. Rhoads & K. Syreeni (eds.), Characterization in the Gospels: Reconceiving Narrative Criticism. JSNTSup 184. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999.

Merenlahti, Petri & Hakola, Raimo: "Reconceiving Narrative Criticism." Pages 13-48 in D. Rhoads & K. Syreeni (eds.), Characterization in the Gospels: Reconceiving Narrative Criticism , JSNTSup 184. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1999.

Myllykoski, Matti & Luomanen, Petri: "Varhaisen juutalaiskristillisyyden jäljillä" [On the Trail of Early Judaeo-christianity, with an English Abstract in the printed journal]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 104 (1999): 327-348.

Uro, Risto. "Sosiologiset ja antropologiset metodit varhaiskristillisyyden tutkimuksessa" [Sociological and Anthropological Approaches in the Study of Early Christianity]. Pages 87-102 in Raimo Hakola & Petri Merenlahti (eds.), Raamatuntutkimuksen uudet tuulet. Helsinki: Yliopistopaino, 1997.

Uro, Risto. "Eksegetiikka ja kulttuuriantropologia" [Biblical Studies and Cultural Anthropology]. Teologinen aikakauskirja 102 (1997): 106-111.

Hakola, Raimo. "Johanneksen evankeliumi kirjallisena teoksena: kirjallisuuskatsaus" [The Gospel of John as a Literary Work: a Survey]. Teologinen aikakauskirja 101 (1996): 463-471.

<< top of page

Articles on the Web

Vanhoja, Timo. "Muistikirjat evankeliumin välittäjinä ensimmäisellä ja toisella vuosisadalla" [Notebooks as Conveyours of the Gospel in the First and Second Centuries, with an English abstract (scroll down)]. Teologinen aikakauskirja 111 (2006): 545-570.
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/vanhoja2006.pdf

Hakola, Raimo. "Fariseusten ankea arki: kristillisen viholliskuvan juurilla" [The Burdensome Everyday Life of the Pharisees: On the Trail of a Christian Image of an Enemy, with an English abstract]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 110 (2005), 483-496.
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/hakola2005.pdf

Jokiranta, Jutta. "Qumranin yhteisö ja sosiologisten mallien käyttökelpoisuus" [The Qumran Community and the Feasibility of Sociological Models, with an English abstract]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 109 (2004): 515-523.
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/jokiranta2004.pdf

Luomanen, Petri. "Starkin ja Bainbridgen yleisen uskonnonteorian mahdollisuudet varhaiskristillisyyden tutkimuksessa" [The Potential of Stark and Bainbridge's General Theory of Religion in the Study of Early Christianity, with an English abstract (scroll down)]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 109 (2004): 531-44.
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/luomanen2004.pdf

Uro, Risto. "Eksegetiikka ja kognitiivinen uskontotiede" [Biblical Studies and the Cognitive Science of Religion, with an English abstract (scroll down)]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 109 (2004): 549-61. http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/projekti/uro2004.pdf

Uro, Risto. "Kuinka tutkia Uuden testamentin sosiaalista maailmaa? Sosiologia ja antropologia Uuden testamentin tutkimuksen aputieteinä" [How to Study the Social World of the New Testament?]. Pages 9-32 in L. Larjo (ed.), Teologian uudet virtaukset. Suomalaisen teologisen kirjallisuusseuran julkaisuja 241. Helsinki: STKS 2004. http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/ihminen/kuinkatutkia.pdf

Vanhoja, Timo. "Egertonin evankeliumin asema varhaiskristillisyydessä" [The Status of the Egerton Gospel in early Christianity, with an English abstract (scroll down)]. Teologinen aikakauskirja 109 (2004): 347-363.
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/vanhoja2004.pdf

Uro, Risto. "Sairaus ja parantaminen Uuden testamentin maailmassa" [Sickness and Healing in the New Testament World]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 108 (2003): 326-39. http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/uro2003.pdf

Luomanen, Petri. "Nasaretilaisten historia" [The History of the Nazoreans, with an English abstract in the printed journal]. Teologinen Aikakauskirja 107 (2002): 508-520.
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/luomanen2002.pdf

Uro, Risto. "Köyhät ja syrjäytetyt Uuden testamentin maailmassa" [The Poor and the Marginalized in the New Testament World]. Pages 22-41 in Virpi Mäkinen (ed.), Lasaruksesta leipäjonoihin: Köyhyys kirkon kysymyksenä. Jyväskylä: Atena 2002. http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/ihminen/koyhat.pdf

Hakola, Raimo. "Jesus' Jewishness in the Fourth Gospel: An Antidote to Anti-Judaism?" Published by the Johannine Literature Web and discussed online by the members of the Johannine Literature E-Group on 5th - 11th March, 2001.
http://catholic-resources.org/John/SBL2000-Hakola.html.

Uro, Risto. "Puhtaus ja saastaisuus Uuden testamentin maailmassa" [Purity and Impurity in the New Testament World]. Teologinen aikakauskirja 103 (1998): 399-409.
http://www.helsinki.fi/teol/hyel/rimi/uro1998.pdf

<< top of page

Links: