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Suomalais-ugrilaiset kielet ja kulttuurit

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13.9.2013
Vierailuluento: Prof. Gábor Tolcsvai Nagy, "Inherent temporality in Hungarian verbs. A cognitive linguistic discussion"

Professori Gábor Tolcsvai Nagy (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest) vierailee suomen kielen, suomalais-ugrilaisten ja pohjoismaisten kielten ja kirjallisuuksien laitoksella ja pitää englanninkielisen luennon aiheesta "Inherent temporality in Hungarian verbs. A cognitive linguistic discussion".

Aika: pe 13.9. klo 12--14
Paikka: Yliopiston päärakennus (Fabianinkatu 33), Auditorium VI

Luennon englanninkielinen abstrakti alla.

Tervetuloa!

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A short description of the lecture:

The lecture gives a cognitive linguistic introduction to the semantic structure of the Hungarian verb, with respect to its temporal structure. The main points are as follows. 1) The basic semantic structure of the prototypical verb is described as a linguistic unit expressing a process via the temporal relation of schematic figures in an event. 2) There are diverse ways of expressing a process in Hungarian, i.e. the types of symbolic structures with specific morphophonological and semantic poles: bare verb, derivative, preverb + verb, auxiliary + infinitive, light verb + noun. 3) Time is conceptualized in verbs as inherent temporality based on the sequence of present moments, in the process of continuous dynamic updating, whereby the present moment continuously changes into past moments, expected future moments change into present moments, with an overall and immediate scope in relation to the event structure. Factors of the inherent temporal structure are duration, the status of starting or endpoint (whether profiled or not), intensity. 4) Inherent temporality is instantiated through epistemic grounding, by tense (expressed by suffixes) with certain semantic effects on the inherent temporal structure of the verb, particularly in the past tense. 5) Aspect has no direct and overt grammatical designation by auxiliaries or suffixes in Hungarian. Aspect is construed via shifts in attention focusing on the schematized sequence of present moments; prototypically unbounded temporal structures turn into bounded ones with imposing attentional focus (reference point) on the starting or end phase of the temporal and event structure. Aspect will be demonstrated with the analysis of the preverb + verb composite structure. 6) The network of Hungarian verb typology arises largely from the semantic differences with prototype effects.