An experiment in group learning technology: evaluating critical thinking in face-to-face and computer-supported seminars

D. R. Newman, Chris Johnson, Clive Cochrane and Brian Webb
School of Finance and Information,
Queen's University Belfast


This paper gives a detailed analysis of the results of an experiment comparing the quality of learning in seminars, conducted face-to-face and via the Network Telepathy computer conferencing system. We set out to measure the depth of critical thinking occurring in both group learning settings.
  1. Introduction
  2. Theory
  3. Results and analysis
    1. Overall comparison between seminars and computer conferences
    2. Effects on indicators of critical thinking
    3. Effect of participation
    4. Relating our findings to Garrison's stages of critical thinking
  4. Conclusions
  5. References
  6. Appendix A. Mapping of CT indicators to Garrison's stages of critical thinking.