Phonetics of Finnish: Quantity and duration of vowels & consonants
Phonetics of Finnish / Word and its sound structure / Quantity and duration of consonants and vowels

 

Quantity and duration of consonants and vowels

Vowels:
Quantity and duration of monophthongs
Quantity and duration of diphthongs

Quantity and duration of consonants

Statistics of quantity in Finnish

 

Quantity and duration of monophthongs

Figure: Vowel durations of Finnish

Durations of Finnish short and long vowels

Average durations of short and long Finnish vowels in stressed and unstressed positions of bisyllabic nonsense words. Carrier sentence "Tätäkö x tarkoittaa?" ("Does x mean this?") was read by 5 male and 5 female speakers. Word structures /pVVpV/ and /pVppVV/ were applied. Numerical data from Lehtonen (1970: 64).

 

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Figure: Vowel durations in three conditions

Durations of Finnish vowels in three datasets

The figure shows that the relative durational differences are similar in three different publications (Wiik 1965, Lehtonen 1970 ja Kukkonen 1990). However, the types of data have systematically affected the absolute mean values. Kukkonen used isolated words, Wiik used isolated words and a frame sentence, and Lehtonen only used a frame sentence. It may be concluded that producing words in isolation without a frame sentence systematically lengthens the duration of vowels.

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Figure: Comparison of vowel durations

 

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Quantity and duration of consonants

Figure: Consonant durations
Duration of Finnish short and long consonants (data from: Lehtonen 1970: 71).

 

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