The EU the world's largest producer of scientific publications

The EU is the world's largest producer of scientific publications. It also produces the highest number of science graduates and postgraduates. Europe's performance in research came under scrutiny on 17 March with the publication of the Third European Report on Science & Technology (S&T) Indicators 2003.

European scientists continue to be strong in areas such as medical research and chemistry. Europe also excels in high-tech sectors such as aeronautics and telecommunications. However the EU is still investing much less than its main competitors in research. Europe produces more PhDs and graduates in S&T than the US and Japan, but employs fewer researchers.

Many of Europe's best brains still prefer to go to North America for better employment opportunities. Europe also accounts for a decreasing number of patents and its high tech trade position is deteriorating.

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