The Neuroscience Center was founded on February 1, 2002, initially for five years. In the spring of 2002, the University Senate decided upon the NC’s regulations and appointed the first Board. Professor Matti Tikkanen was appointed the Board’s chair. The Board held its first meeting in June of 2002, and announced the opening of the NC Director’s post, and of several research directors’ and group leaders’ positions.

By the spring of 2003, the Center’s directorial post, three research director positions and three group leader positions were filled. Professor Heikki Rauvala was elected the Neuroscience Center’s Director for the five-year term, 2003-2007. Two of the research directors were placed in Meilahti and the rest on the Viikki campus. In the spring of 2003, the NC’s common facilities at the Cultivator II became fully operational and by the fall of the same year, all selected research groups had started their work at the Neuroscience Center. In June of 2006, the University Senate decided to extend the Neuroscience Center’s operations for the next five-year term, 2007-2011.

In the spring of 2011, the Rector decided that as of 1 January 2012, the operations of
the Neuroscience Center will continue indefinitely.