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Kilpisjärvi Biological Station

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Contact information:

Kilpisjärvi:
Kilpisjärvi Biological Station
Käsivarrentie 14622
FIN-99490 Kilpisjärvi
phone +358-294140340
bio-kilpis (at) helsinki.fi

Office in Helsinki:
Kilpisjärvi Biological Station/
Antero Järvinen
P.O. Box 17 (Arkadiankatu 7)
FIN-00014 University of Helsinki
puh.+ 358-( 0)40-5034473
antero.jarvinen (at) helsinki.fi



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Weather records of Kilpisjärvi area

Temperature

Warmest year: 2011 (+0,30°C)
Coldest year: 1966 and 1981 (-4,43°C)

The warmest months:

January: 1964 (-4,7°C)
February: 1959 (-3,0°C)
March: 2007 (-3,9°C)
April: 2011 (+0,2°C)
May: 1963 (+6,4°C)
June: 1953 (+10,6°C)
July: 1960 (+15,1°C)
August: 1996 (+11,9°C)
September: 2011 (+8,0°C)
October: 1987 (+3,8°C)
November: 2011 (-0,4°C)
December: 1953 (-4,8°C)

The coldest months:

January: 1976 (-21,6°C)
February: 1966 (-22,4°C)
March: 1962 (-17,8°C)
April: 1956 (-10,1°C)
May: 1968 (-1,9°C)
June: 1955 (+3,5°C)
July: 1965 (+7,4°C)
August: 1952 (+6,7°C)
September: 1966 (+1,1°C)
October: 1992 (-7,7°C)
November: 1973 (-12,4°C)
December: 1955 (-20,1°C)

Precipitation

Greatest yearly precipitation: 1997 (700,9 mm)
Lowest yearly precipitation: 1956 (194,8 mm)

Greatest monthly precipitation:

January: 1997 (182,5 mm)
February: 1975 (73,4 mm)
March: 2003 (133 mm)
April: 1997 (151,5 mm)
May: 1979 (72,7 mm)
June: 1952 (139,7 mm)
July: 1993 (176,4 mm)
August: 1974 (125,3 mm)
September: 1952 (80,8 mm)
October: 1985 (115,2 mm)
November: 1999 (87,9 mm)
December: 1991 (107,1 mm)

Lowest monthly precipitation:

January: 1972 (4,6 mm)
February: 1954 (5,6 mm)
March: 1964 (3,3 mm)
April: 2004 (2,8 mm)
May: 1967 (3,4 mm)
June: 1988 (2,5 mm)
July: 1980 (8,6 mm)
August: 1955 (8,2 mm)
September: 1973 (6,2 mm)
October: 1952 (3,8 mm)
November: 1993 (3,7 mm)
December: 1953 (8,2 mm)

Growing season, thermic summer and winter

Shortest growing season (threshold > +5°C): 1982 (69 days)
Longest growing season: 1963 (132 days)

Lowest effective temperature sum (threshold > +5°C): 1962 (280,8 d.d. degree days)
Greatest effective temperature sum: 1960 (693,3 d.d.)

Snow

Greatest measured snow depth: 19.4.1997 (190 cm)

Greatest monthly snow depth:

January: 18.-21.1.1992 (176 cm)
February: 5.2. and 12.-14.2. (160 cm)
March: 15.-19..3.1997 (180 cm)
April: 19.4.1997 (190 cm)
May: 1.5.1997 (180 cm)
June: 1.6.1997 (85 cm)
September: 24.9.1975 (14 cm)
October: 28.10.1985 (41 cm)
November: 21.11.1995 (67 cm)
December: 26.12.1975 (124 cm)

Finnish meteorological records measured in Kilpisjärvi

Temperature

Coldest place in 1967: -44,2°C (29.1.1967)

Precipitation

Greatest precipitation in March: 133 mm (2003)
Greatest precipitation in April: 151,5 mm (1997)

Snow

Greatest increase in snow depth: 48 cm (29.1.1981)
Greatest measured snow depth: 190 cm (19.4.1997)

 

(Data is based on the measurements of the Finnish Meteorological Institute in 1952-2011. With the exeption of snow depths, values are yearly and monthy means.)