Helsingin yliopisto, humanistinen tiedekunta
Helsingfors universitet, humanistiska fakulteten

ENGLANTILAINEN FILOLOGIA /
ENGELSK FILOLOGI

Valintakoetehtävät 2006 / Urvalsuppgifter 2006

Valintakokeen vaatimukset ja kokeen luonne: / Fordringar och provtyp:

  1. Carey, Peter: Jack Maggs. Faber and Faber, 1997.
  2. Finegan, Edward: Language. Its Structure and Use, sivut / sidorna 37-255. 4th Edition. University of California.

Kokeessa edellytetään englannin kielen rakenteen ja sanaston hyvää tuntemusta sekä kykyä omaksua, tuottaa ja analysoida englanninkielistä tekstiä. Koe muodostuu edellä mainittuja seikkoja testaavista tehtävistä: / Provet förutsätter god kännedom om strukturen och ordför¬rådet i engelskan samt förmåga att tillägna sig, producera och analysera text på engelska. Provet består av uppgifter som testar sagda färdigheter:

Kaikkiin tehtäviin vastataan englanniksi. Kokeen kaikista osista on selviydyttävä hyväksyttävästi. Osa on hyväksyttävästi suoritettu, jos hakija saa vähintään 1/3 sen maksimipistemäärästä. / Alla frågor besvaras på engelska. Sökanden måste få godkännbart resultat i provets alla delar. Delprovets resultat är godkännbart om sökanden får minst 1/3 av delprovets maximala poängtal.

Koetehtävät: / Provuppgifter:

PART 1. English language skills (0-3 points)


Gerald Graff: Clueless in Academe, Yale University Press, 2003.

1. The Volleyball Effect. Academic intellectual culture is a conversation rather than a mere inventory of texts, facts, ideas, and methods. But as I argue in chapter 3, most students experience the curriculum not as a connected conversation but as a disconnected series of courses that convey widely mixed messages. [---]
pp. 27-30 (2. The Volleyball Effect.)

[Tekstikateklma, josta yllä lainaus sen alusta (pituus noin 2 A4-sivua) on tekijänoikeudellisista syistä tässä jätetty pois.] / [Textutdraget, från vilket ovanstående citat hämtats (textens längd ungefär 2 A4-sidor) har här utelämnats av upphovsrättsliga skäl.]

The text overleaf is an extract from an academic monograph discussing the connection between academic activity and everyday experience in the USA. In your own words, summarise in one sentence each of the subsections using the following sentence openings (marks awarded for content and structure):

1.1. The Volleyball Effect occurs when . . .

1.2. University studies can be a confusing experience to a new student because . . .

1.3. Students' cluelessness about academia could be remedied if . . .

PART 2. Questions based on "Language. Its Structure and Use" (pp. 37-255) by Edward Finegan. (0-3 points)

Answer all three questions.

2.1. A widely used grammar of English gives the following rule concerning the occurrence of the two forms of the indefinite article in English: "Use a before consonants and an before vowels." A student points out that there are many exceptions, such as a unit, an hour, and a historian ~an historian. How do you account for these exceptions? Can you provide a better rule for the occurrence of the two forms of the English indefinite article?

2.2. Briefly explain the difference between:

a) articulatory and acoustic phonetics

b) a creole and a pidgin

c) spatial and temporal deixis

d) a topic and a comment

e) implicational and nonimplicational universals

f) a fricative and an affricate

g) German and Germanic

h) a dialect and a register

i) deontic and epistemic modality

j) an oral stop and a nasal stop

2.3. Draw tree diagrams of the underlying structures of the two sentences below that reveal the difference in their structures:

a. Tom ordered Mary to stop complaining.

b. Tom promised Mary to stop complaining.

PART 4. Essay question on "Jack Maggs" by Peter Carey (0-4 points)

The Writer as Criminal in Peter Carey's Jack Maggs

Based on your reading of Peter Carey’s Jack Maggs, answer the question below. Your essay should not exceed 400 words and should be written on this and the following blank pages of this booklet (use both sides of the sheets). Your essay should show a thorough knowledge of the text and an ability to provide a coherent argument in answering the question. You should support your argument with specific examples from the novel. The general clarity of your writing will be taken into consideration, though points are not specifically deducted for individual language errors.

Question: In Jack Maggs we learn that:

Tobias Oates had an obsession with the Criminal Mind. He found evidence of its presence in signs as small as the bumps upon a pick-pocket's cranium, or as large as La Palace’s Théorie analytique which showed the murder rate in Paris unchanged from one year to the next.
Focusing on the relationship between Tobias Oates and Jack Maggs, discuss the notion of the writer as criminal, and writing as a criminal activity in Carey’s novel.


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