Helsingin yliopisto, humanistinen tiedekunta
Helsingfors universitet, humanistiska fakulteten


Valintakoetehtävät 2004 / Urvalsprovuppgifter 2004

Valintakokeen vaatimukset ja kokeen luonne:

  1. Yule, George: The Study of Language. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press 1996 tai myöh.
  2. D'Aguiar, Fred: The Longest Memory. Chatto & Windus 1994 tai myöh.

Kokeessa edellytetään englannin kielen rakenteen ja sanaston hyvää tuntemusta sekä kykyä omaksua, tuottaa ja analysoida englanninkielistä tekstiä. Koe muodostuu edellä mainittuja seikkoja testaavista tehtävistä:

  1. englannin kielianalyysi (0-2),
  2. Yulen teokseen pohjautuva tehtävä (0-3),
  3. englanninkielinen tekstianalyysi (0-2),
  4. esseekysymys D'Aguiarin romaanista (0-3).

Kaikkiin tehtäviin vastataan englanniksi. Osiossa d) otetaan kaunokirjallisen analyysin lisäksi huomioon myös argumentointikyky ja kielitaito. Kokeen kaikista osista on selviydyttävä hyväksyttävästi. Osa on hyväksyttävästi suoritettu, jos hakija saa vähintään 1/3 sen maksimipistemäärästä. Huomautus: Voit halutessasi hakea sekä englantilaiseen filologiaan että englannin aineenopettajan koulutusohjelmaan. Englantilaisen filologian valintakoe on sama koe kuin englannin aineenopettajan koulutusohjelman kirjallinen koe.

Fordringar och provtyp:

  1. Yule, George: The Study of Language. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, 1996 eller senare upplaga,
  2. D'Aguiar, Fred: The Longest Memory. Chatto & Windus 1994 eller senare upplaga.

Provet förutsätter god kännedom om strukturen och ordförrådet i engelskan samt förmåga att tillägna sig, producera och analysera text på engelska. Provet består av uppgifter som testar sagda färdigheter:

  1. engelsk språkanalys (0-2),
  2. uppgift som baserar sig på Yules bok (0-3),
  3. engelskspråkig textanalys (0-2),
  4. essäfråga rörande D'Aguiars roman (0-3).

Alla frågor besvaras på engelska. I del d) beaktas förutom den skönlitterära analysen även argumentationsförmågan samt språkfärdigheten. Sökanden måste få godkännbart resultat i provets alla delar. Delprovets resultat är godkännbart om sökanden får minst 1/3 av delprovets maximala poängtal. Anmärkningar: Om du vill kan du söka till både engelsk filologi och utbildningsprogrammet för ämneslärare i engelska. Urvalsprovet för engelsk filologi är samma som det skriftliga provet för utbildningsprogrammet för ämneslärare i engelska.

Koetehtävät / Provuppgifter

PART 1. English language skills, 0-2 points

Future - our responsibility is an essay by a Finnish high school student.

  1. Help the poor writer by correcting above the lines (a) the punctuation and spelling,
    1. errors in grammar,
    2. word choices, idioms and style.
  2. On the other side of this sheet, tell this student in a few words what he should do to improve his English.
Future - our responsibility

It has been a lot of discussion of this guestion which solving is up to ours generation. Even I'am born in Finland where is clean lakes and forests I worry of worlds countrys situation. We went in last summer with my friend to fishing to a finnish lake. My friend drunk couple bears and droped in drunk he's fishingstick. Anymore no change to get any fishes. This happening cost to me good laughs. On the other hand the world that produces products without stopping need vast quantities of natural recourses. Without working this world would lead to a di- saster unles we dont use contraceptive methods. It's pollutions should be stopped by cuttin off industrys emissions. At least standable living conditions should be secured. Violence, drucks, abuses and many more problems. We know that drucks is allready now somepersons every day life. And one of futures proplem is families separation. It is seeing already now that childrens suffer and many cases you think is it really my buisness? As a conclusion people become happy from diffrent things. My opinion is that only love and living make us happy.

PART 2. George Yule. The Study of Language. Second edition. (1996 or later), 0-3 points

For each of the following 42 multiple-choice questions, choose one of the alternatives A, B, C, or D to indicate the only correct answer based on Yule's book.

  1. Why is there such a frequent mismatch between the letters of written English and the sounds of spoken English?
    1. The English writing system is syllabic.
    2. The English writing system is based on German.
    3. The English writing system changed significantly in the 19th century.
    4. The pronunciation of English has undergone substantial changes.
  2. What is common to the writing systems of Arabic, Greek, Latin, and English?
    1. About half of the letters represent vowels and about half consonants.
    2. They are alphabetic.
    3. They are based on the Cyrillic system.
    4. There is frequent mismatch between letters and sounds.
  3. Which of the following is closest to alphabetic writing?
    1. ideogram
    2. pictogram
    3. logogram
    4. Rebus writing
  4. Beatrix and Allan Gardner claimed that their chimpanzee had learned to use a language productively. In their opinion, what factor had mainly contributed to the chimpanzee's ability to use language productively?
    1. Their chimpanzee taught spoken words to its child.
    2. Their chimpanzee used its own sign language, not the American Sign Language.
    3. Their chimpanzee was raised in a domestic environment, without cages.
    4. Their experiment had the most sophisticated laboratory conditions.
  5. Voiced fricatives include
    1. b, d, g
    2. v, ð, z
    3. b, m, w
    4. d, z, n
  6. Sounds formed by placing the front part of the tongue on the rough, bony ridge behind the upper teeth (such as [t] and [s] ) are
    1. alveolar
    2. dental
    3. palatal
    4. velar
  7. The omission of a sound segment (e.g., the /t/ sound in the word aspects typically being not pronounced) is called
    1. assimilation
    2. consonant cluster
    3. elision
    4. phonotactics
  8. An example of a syllable that has a rime but no onset would be
    1. the
    2. hen
    3. lay
    4. eggs
  9. Which of these is not an example of blending?
    1. smog
    2. brunch
    3. Spanglish
    4. sitcom
  10. Which of these is an acronym?
    1. exam
    2. laser
    3. movie
    4. robot
  11. The words televise and babysit are examples of which word-formation process?
    1. backformation
    2. clipping
    3. compounding
    4. conversion
  12. How does coinage differ from other word-formation processes?
    1. It has been used only since the 1920s.
    2. It produces new words.
    3. It is only used in the creation of technical terms.
    4. There are no old words as resources.
  13. Which of the following provides us with the clearest example of a zero-morph?
    1. legal
    2. men
    3. sheep
    4. went
  14. How many morphemes are in the word unfriendliness?
    1. one
    2. two
    3. three
    4. four
  15. What kind of morphemes are prepositions?
    1. free, lexical
    2. free, functional
    3. bound, derivational
    4. bound, inflectional
  16. What are conjunctions and prepositions?
    1. bound morphemes
    2. gender-loaded categories
    3. parts of speech
    4. words with no semantics
  17. Which of the following is not a noun phrase?
    1. a shotgun
    2. her father
    3. to the wedding
    4. he
  18. What is not true of grammatical gender?
    1. It only affects nouns.
    2. English does not have it.
    3. German and Spanish have it.
    4. Sometimes it goes against natural gender.
  19. What is a generative grammar?
    1. a computer program that analyzes sentences in terms of constituents and parts of speech
    2. a set of explicit rules which yield the well-formed sentences in a language
    3. a set of rules for the proper use of language
    4. a tree diagram that shows the hierarchical organization of a sentence
  20. What does the symbol * mean in syntactic analysis?
    1. the sequence has undergone a transformation
    2. the sequence is ungrammatical
    3. the sequence shows the deep structure
    4. the sequence contains a NP and a VP
  21. What are transformational rules used for in generative grammar?
    1. to change or move constituents in syntactic structures
    2. to change nouns into verbs
    3. to apply recursion
    4. to make sentences more grammatical
  22. Which of the following refers to a word having several related meanings?
    1. homonymy
    2. hyponymy
    3. polysemy
    4. synonymy
  23. Which of the following can be the correct analysis of the semantic roles of the sentence She hit the bug with the magazine?
    1. she is the Experiencer, the bug is the Insect, the magazine is the Theme
    2. hit is the verb, the bug is the object, with is the preposition
    3. she is the Agent, the bug is the Theme, the magazine is the Instrument
    4. she is the Theme, hit the bug is the Comment, with is the Preposition of Instrument
  24. Which of the following pairs does not exemplify metonymy?
    1. the President - the White House
    2. house - roof
    3. bottle - beer
    4. answer - reply
  25. In the study of linguistic politeness, what is negative face?
    1. the need to be independent
    2. a face-threatening act
    3. negative public image
    4. lack of awareness of another person's social sense of self
  26. Which of these is not a good example of indirect speech act?
    1. Can you pass the salt?
    2. You left the door open.
    3. Do you know where the Plaza Hotel is?
    4. Can you ride a bicycle?
  27. What is the term for any additional information used by the listener to connect what has been said to what must have been meant?
    1. coherence
    2. reference
    3. inference
    4. presupposition
  28. Which of the following is not a way in which a participant in a conversation can aim to "hold the floor", i.e., keep her/his turn in that conversation?
    1. pauses in the middle of sentences, for instance before and after verbs
    2. filling pauses with hesitation markers such as er, uh, em
    3. saying and before a pause when a sentence might end
    4. using a softer voice so that the other participant would pay more attention to the speaker
  29. In discourse analysis, what is a schema?
    1. conventional knowledge structure which exists in our cognition
    2. the fact that a text makes sense as a whole
    3. a mind map which the analyst draws in order to show the structure of discourse
    4. a plan that the speaker or writer has in order to structure discourse
  30. What is the name of the phenomenon which can be exemplified by the following: when speakers cannot remember the name of a navigational instrument (sextant) precisely, they instead produce such forms as secant, sextet, and sexton?
    1. aphasia
    2. a Malapropism
    3. a slip-of-the-tongue
    4. a Spoonerism
  31. If the following utterances were produced by children of different ages who learn English as their mother tongue, which one would be produced by the youngest child?
    1. This isn't ice cream.
    2. I didn't caught it.
    3. No the sun shining.
    4. I not hurt him.
  32. If a L2 learner copies some of the features of her/his L1 when s/he produces L2, even though these features are actually very different in L1 and L2, what takes place?
    1. creative construction
    2. foreigner talk
    3. interlanguage
    4. negative transfer
  33. According to Yule's statistics, which of the following is not one of the four most commonly used languages in the United States of America?
    1. Spanish
    2. French
    3. Italian
    4. American Sign Language
  34. Which of the following came to English as loanwords from Old Norse?
    1. angel, candle, church, and school
    2. man, house, drink, and fight
    3. give, law, take, and they
    4. army, court, faith, and tax
  35. Words in related languages which have similar forms and similar meanings are
    1. cognates
    2. family members
    3. philological gems
    4. protoforms
  36. Which of the following is an example of epenthesis?
    1. frist -> first (a reversal in position of two adjoining sounds)
    2. schola -> escuela (the addition of a sound to the beginning of a word)
    3. spo:n -> spu:n (a type of sound change where the vowel quality changes)
    4. aemtig -> empty (the addition of a sound to the middle of a word)
  37. Speaking about branches of the Indo-European language family tree, which of the following is a false statement?
    1. English and Norwegian are Germanic languages.
    2. Irish and Welsh are Celtic languages.
    3. Greek and Bulgarian are Hellenic languages.
    4. Hindi and Bengali are Indic languages.
  38. Which of the following marks a boundary between different dialectal features in two areas?
    1. creolization
    2. dialect continuum
    3. isogloss
    4. morpheme boundary
  39. Which of the following is a term for the personal dialect of an individual speaker of a language?
    1. diglossia
    2. idiolect
    3. jargon
    4. sociolinguistics
  40. Which of these is not a feature of Black English Vernacular?
    1. double negation, as in I ain't afraid of no ghosts
    2. the absence of the verb are in You crazy
    3. the fact that you can say they mine without the copula
    4. [h] dropping, as in umble person
  41. If we compare the sociolinguistic situation of New York, USA, and Reading, England, on the basis of Labov's (1972) and Trudgill's (1974) studies, we can deduce that
    1. in both places, [r] after vowels is a sign of higher socio-economic status
    2. in both places, [r] after vowels is a sign of lower socio-economic status
    3. in New York, [r] after vowels is a sign of higher socio-economic status, but in Reading, England, it is the opposite
    4. in Reading, England, [r] after vowels is a sign of higher socio-economic status, but in New York it is the opposite
  42. What would linguistic determinism claim?
    1. that the structure of the Eskimo language forces it to have many different words for snow
    2. if stone is fixed to be a feminine word, it is hard to change it into masculine
    3. that people's language leads them to perceive the world around them in a certain way
    4. that Hopi, spoken by native Americans in Arizona, is a more primitive language than English

PART 3. Text analysis, 0-2 points

Read the following text and answer the questions:
[Tehtävän liitteenä ote teoksesta/ bilaga ur verket Kirsten Bakis: Lives of the Monster Dogs ("Monster" Arrives in Manhattan)]

  1. This text comes from a novel. The likely genre of the novel is:
    1. historical
    2. stream-of-consciousness
    3. science fiction/fantasy
    4. picaresque.
    5. (0.10 points)
  2. The text is written in the form of a nonfiction genre. The nonfiction genre is:
    1. scientific report
    2. historical document
    3. legal record
    4. news story.
    5. (0.10 points)
  3. Write one paragraph on why you chose the above answers. Do not comment on the possible answers you did not choose.
  4. (0.60 points)
  5. Which words produce cohesion in the text (i.e. what ties and connections exist within the text)? Write no more than two paragraphs describing the main features with examples.
  6. (1.20 points)

PART 4. Fred D'Aguiar. The Longest Memory. 0-3 points

Based on your reading of Fred D'Aguiar's The Longest Memory, answer the question below. Your essay should not exceed 400 words and should be written on this and the following blank pages of this booklet (use both sides of the sheets). Your essay should show a thorough knowledge of the text and an ability to provide a coherent argument in answering the question. You should support your argument by specific reference to the text. The general clarity of your writing will be taken into consideration, though points are not specifically deducted for individual language errors.

Question: The novel is framed by a prologue called "Remembering" ("The future is just more of the past waiting to happen") and an epilogue called "Forgetting" ("Memory is pain trying to resurrect itself"). Discuss the theme of remembering and forgetting in the novel, focusing on the conflict between Whitechapel's need to forget, and the novel's need to tell his story from many different perspectives.

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