The Mountain of the Amorites, Tidnum
Goat and sheep nomadism on the southern plains in spring
2003. Photo: Minna Lönnqvist © SYGIS – Jebel Bishri, the Finnish
The god Martu (Akkadian Amurru) the eponymous god of the Amorites and chief shepherd, as depicted in the Mesopotamian glyptics. He was obviously a personification of the nomads of the desert and steppe.
The Sumerian myth of Martu tells that he dwells in the mountains…he carries a weapon. He eats truffles in the foot of the mountain and uncooked meat, he does not live in a house and he does not bury dead members of his company.
In the Mesopotamian Sumerian cuneiform sources Jebel Bishri
first appears as “the Mountain of the Amorites”. As mentioned above, the
mountain steppe is the arena of the Amorite habitat, and truffles are available
in great quantities at Jebel Bishri. The
According to the Sumerian sources (such as Gudea Statue
B), large stones were transported to
Where was the Amorite
The Assyrian sources first mention Ahlamu-Arameans in connection with Jebel Bishri. Tiglatpilesar and Asshurnasirpal defeated several Aramean cities at the foot of the mountain. In the year 2006 season the first epigraphic evidence of the Assyrian and Aramean impact in the area was found.
Village pastoralism on the Euphratine side, the Bishri
mountain from the North. Photo: Minna Lönnqvist 2003 © SYGIS – Jebel Bishri,
the Finnish Project in
Dromedaries on a southern plateau in the piedmont area
Jebel Bishri. Ilse Köhler-Rollefson, specialist in the camel domestication,
holds that the camel was domesticated as early as in the Early Bronze Age
Caravan routes in the Syrian Desert heading from