Jabal Harūn in the Palaeolithic period - Middle Palaeolithic material
by Henrik Jansson

The Middle Palaeolithic is already reprecented by clusters of finds. Middle Palaeolithic artefacts are one of the most general find categories also in areas between the clusters. This shows that during the Middle Palaeolithic period the area around Jabal Harūn possibly was periodically quite intensively used.

The western sites have assemblages that are of an expedient nature. Large side scrapers and Levallois points dominate the small number of tools found. The clusters in the southeastern part of the area are, except smaller, also different in other ways. The sites consist of very large and bulky artefacts with a clear domination of cores and cortical or cortex removal flakes. Some cobbles seem to have been only tested and then thrown away. None of the cores are exhausted. Very few tools have been found on these surface scatters. Two of the sites are unmixed with no indications of later contamination.

Though the evidence is abundant it should not be overestimated. We have to remember that the Middle Palaeolithic span over 100 000 years or even more in this area. But clearly the activities where more clustered during this time period than before and there seems to be special functions of some sites. The sites in the south-eastern part of the surveyed areas indicates that they were raw material procurement places of an informal character, where testing of the chert, initial forming and some production of e.g. levallois points took place but where the tools were taken off the site and used somewhere else. This is shown by the fact that of the 26 levallois points collected in this area none comes from the sites, only from the areas in between.

Further reading

 Jabal Harūn in Palaeolithic period - Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic material

 Jabal Harūn in the Palaeolithic period - Introduction

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