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University of Helsinki Department of Geography
Welcome to the Department of Geography
Selected Publications by Faculty & Staff, since 2003

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Please send all update requests to Jari Pekka Mäkiaho. [Last update: 2009-08-25]


Gonsamo, A. & P.Pellikka (2009). The computation of foliage clumping index using hemispherical photography. Agriculture and forest meteorology, 149: 10, 1781–1787. [DOI].

Harris, C., L.U. Arenson, H.H. Christiansen, B.Etzelmüller, R.Frauenfelder, S. Grubere, W. Haeberli, C.Hauck, M.Hölzle, O. Humlum, K. Isaksen., A. Kääb, M.A. Kern-Lütschg, M.Lehning, N.Matsuoka, J.B. Murton, J. Nötzli, M. Phillips, N. Rossk, M. Seppälä, S.M. Springman & D. Vonder Mühll (2009). Permafrost and climate in Europe: Monitoring and modelling thermal, geomorphological and geotechnical responses. Earth science reviews 92: 3–4, 117–171. [DOI].

Hjort, J. & M. Marmion (2009). Periglacial distribution modelling with a boosting method. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 20: 1, 15–25. [DOI].

Inkinen, T. & U. Tapaninen (2009). Finnish-Russian transport and business expectations. World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research 2: 4, 279–295. [DOI].

Inkinen, T., U. Tapaninen & H. Pulli (2009). Electronic information transfer in a transport chain. Industrial Management & Data Systems 109: 6, 809–824. [DOI].

Jauhiainen, J.S. & T. Inkinen (2009). E-governance and the information society in periphery. Case study from Northern Finland. In Reddick, C.(ed.): Handbook of Research on Strategies for Local E-Government Adoption and Implementation: Comparative Studies, 496–513. IGI Global, Hershey. [Table of contents].

Koskela, H. (2009). Fear and its Others. In Smith, S., S. Marston, R. Pain & J. P. Jones (eds.): Handbook of social geography. Sage, London. [Book info].

Marmion, M., J. Hjort, W. Thuiller & M. Luoto (2009). Statistical consensus methods for improving predictive geomorphology maps. Computers and Geosciences 35: 3, 615–625. [DOI].

Minoia P., Calzavara A., Lovo L. & G. Zanetto (2009). An assessment of the principle of subsidiarity in urban planning to face climate change. The case of Martellago, Venice Province. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management 1: 1, 63–74. [DOI].

Mäkiaho, J.-P. (2009). Helsinki – Itämeren tytär: Paikkatietomenetelmät rannansiirtymistutkimuksessa. Terra 121: 1, 3–17. (Helsinki – daughter of the Baltic Sea: GIS-methods in shore displacement studies) [PDF].

O’Loughlin, J., P. Raento & J. D. Sidaway (2009). Political Geography expands — both the medium and the message. Political Geography 28: 1, 1–4. [DOI].

Pellikka, P., M. Lötjönen, M. Siljander & L. Lens (2009). Airborne remote sensing of spatiotemporal change (1955-2004) in indigenous and exotic forest cover in the Taita Hills, Kenya. International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation 11:, 221–232. [DOI].

Raento, P. (2009). Interdisciplinarity. In Kitchin, R. & N. Thrift (eds.): The International Encyclopedia of Human Geography, Volume "General" (ed. J. Sidaway). Elsevier, London. [Book info].

Raento, P. (2009). Tourism, nation, and the postage stamp. Examples from Finland. Annals of Tourism Research 36: 1, 124–148. [DOI].

Raento, P. (2009). Borrowed names evoke a peculiar sense of place in Las Vegas. Association of American Geographers Newsletter 44: 3, 15. [Newsletter].

Seppälä, M. & K. Kujala (2009) The role of buoyancy in palsa formation. The Geological Society, London, Special Publications 320, 51–56. [DOI].

Tyynelä, P. S. Goebeler, E. Ilveskoski, O. Kajander, J. Mikkelsson, M. Perola, A. Penttilä, M. Löytönen & P.J. Karhunen (2009). Birthplace predicts risk for prehospital sudden cardiac death in middle-aged men who migrated to metropolitan area: The Helsinki Sudden Death Study. Annals of Medicine 41: 1, 57–65. [DOI].


Alarämi, K. & T. Inkinen (2008). Information technology, communication and networking in small and medium size software companies. The case of northern Finland. International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies 2: 3, 320–334. [DOI].

Darmody, R.G., C.E. Thorn, M. Seppälä, S.W. Campbell, Y.K. Lie & J. Harbor (2008). Age and weathering status of granite tors in Arctic Finland (~ 68° N). Geomorphology, 94: 1–2, 10&ndash23. [DOI].

Gonsamo, A. & P.Pellikka (2008). Methodology comparison for slope correction in canopy leaf area index estimation using hemispherical photography. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 4,749–759. [DOI].

Hedberg, C. & K. Kepsu (2008). Identity in motion: The process of Finland-Swedish migration to Sweden. 10: 1, 95–118. (Special Issue).[Abstract].

Hjort, J. & M. Luoto (2008). Can abundance of geomorphological features be predicted using presence-absence data? Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 33: 5, 741–750. [DOI].

Hjort, J. & M. Marmion (2008). Effects of sample size on the accuracy of geomorphological models. Geomorphology 102: 3–4, 341–350. [DOI].

Inkinen, T. (2008). Challenges to digital governance in a city. Perspectives on e-inclusion and informational citizenship. In Yigitcanlar, T., K. Velibeyoglu & S. Baum (eds.): Creative urban regions. Harnessing Urban Technologies to Support Knowledge City Initiatives, 148–164. Information Science Reference, Hershey.

Inkinen, T. (2008). Gender and the social use of mobile technologies. From information society policies to everyday practices. The case of Finland. In Uteng, T.P. & T. Cresswell (eds.): Gendered mobilities, 213–228. Ashgate, Aldershot.

Inkinen, T. & J.S. Jauhiainen (2008). Solutions for wireless city networks in Finland. Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology. Second edition, 3542–3547. Information Science Reference, Hershey.

Kosonen, K. (2008). Making maps and mental images: Finnish press cartography in nation-building, 1899–1942. National Identities 10: 1, 21–47. (Special Issue). [Abstract].

Miettinen, A., K. Sarmaja-Korjonen, E. Sonninen, H. Jungner, T. Lempiäinen, K. Ylikoski, J.-P. Mäkiaho & C. Carpelan (2008). The palaeoenvironment of the ’Antrea net find’. Iskos 16, 71–87.

Minoia P. & F. Guglielmi(2008). Social conflict in Water Resource Management and Environmental impacts in South-Eastern Tunisia. In Efe, R., G. Cravins, M. Öztürk & I. Atalay (eds.), Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region, Cambridge Scholars Press, 257–270.

[Book Info].

O’Loughlin, J., P. Raento & J. D. Sidaway (2008). Where the tradition meets its challengers. Political Geography 27: 1, 1–4.

Raento, P. (2008; ed.). Arena Symposium: Teaching European identities. Journal of Geography in Higher Education 32:3 347–364.

Raento, P. & S. D. Brunn (2008). Picturing a nation: Finland on postage stamps, 1917–2000. National Identities 10: 1, 49–75. Special Issue: "Nation, State, and Identity in Finland" (ed. P. Raento). [Abstract].

Raento, P. (2008; ed.). Nation, State, and Identity in Finland. National Identities 10: 1 (Special Issue) [Table of contents].

Raento, P. (2008). Basque nationalism. In Kaplan, D. H. & G. H. Herb (eds.): Nations and Nationalism: A Global Historical Overview volume 4, 1512–1524. ABC-Clio, Santa Barbara.


Ahlqvist, T. & T. Inkinen (2007). Technology foresight in multiscalar innovation systems. A spatiotemporal process perspective. Fennia 185: 1

Darmody, R.G., C. E. Thorn, M. Seppälä, S. W. Campbell, Y. K. Li & J. Harbor (2007; in press). Age and weathering status of granite tors in Arctic Finland (~68 N.). Geomorphology.

Heikkinen, R., M. Luoto, M. Kuussaari & T. Toivonen (2007). Performance of butterfly-landscape models depends on modelling technique, scale and model complexity. Landscape and Urban Planning 79, 347–357.

Heinonen, S. & R. Ratvio (2007; eds.). Asumisen tulevaisuutta ennakoimassa / Finnish Housing Foresight. VTT:n tutkimusraportti VTT-R-04021-07. 96 s.

Hjort, J., M. Luoto & M. Seppälä (2007). Landscape scale determinants of periglacial features in subarctic Finland: a grid-based modelling approach. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 18, 115–127.

Kepsu, K. (2007). Muuttuva suomenruotsalainen muuttoliike ja kielirajat. In Junila, M. & C. Westin (eds.): Kahden puolen Pohjanlahtea II. Enemmistöjen ja vähemmistöjen kesken, 131–160. SKS, Helsinki.

Kivikkokangas-Sandgren, R. (2007). New global regions. Possibilities to sustainable regions. Atlantic Books, New Delhi.

Kangasoja, J. & H. Schulman (2007; eds.). Arabianranta. Rethinking urban living. 287 p. City of Helsinki Urban Facts, Helsinki.

Koskela, H. (2007). Crime/fear of crime. In Kitchin, R. & Thrift, N. (eds.): International encyclopedia of human geography. Elsevier, Oxford.

Kujala, K., M. Seppälä & T. Holappa (2007; in press). Physical properties of peat and palsa formation. Cold Regions Science and Technology.

Loikkanen, H. A. & H. Lönnqvist (2007). Metropolitan housing markets – The case of Helsinki. In Andersson, Å. E., L. Petterson. & U. Strömquist (eds.): European metropolitan housing markets, 63–84. Springer, Berlin.

Luoto, M. & J. Hjort (2007; in press). Downscaling of coarse-grained geomorphological data. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 31.

Löytönen, M. (2007). So far, so close. In Mäkipää, H. (ed.): The Finnish Institute in Japan 10 Years. The Finnish Institute in Japan, Tokyo.

Mäkiaho, J.-P. (2007). Estimation of ancient and future shoreline positions in the vicinity of Olkiluoto, an island on the western coast of Finland: the difference between grid and TIN based GIS-approaches. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 252:3–4, 514–529. [DOI].

Tikkanen, M. (2007; Finnish editor in chief). Maapallo [Earth]. 520 p. Karttakeskus, Helsinki.

Varady, D. & H. Schulman (2007). Social disorders in the stages of public housing decline: A case of Helsinki. Housing Studies 22: 3.

Virkanen, J. (2007). ICP-MS-analyysi geologisessa ja maantieteellisessä tutkimuksessa. Terra 119: 2, 125–131.

Virtanen, H. (2007). Monietnistyvät lähiöt – Suomalaisten asuinalueiden etninen erilaistumiskehitys ja siihen vaikuttavat tekijät. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu/The Finnish Journal of Urban Studies 45: 3 (forthcoming).


Ainiala, T. & J. Vuolteenaho (2006). How to study urban onomastic landscape? Acta Onomastica 47, 58–63.

Antikainen, J., J. Kankkunen, K. Karas, K. Kosonen, P. A. Purhonen & J. Tolvanen (2006). GE3. Riskien maailma. 265 p. Tammi, Helsinki.

Bernelius, V. (2006). On the path of learning: Urban segregation and the educational outcomes of comprehensive schools in Helsinki. Helsinki Quarterly 2006/4, 22–27.

Hjort, J. (2006). Environmental factors affecting the occurrence of periglacial landforms in Finnish Lapland: a numerical approach. 162 p. Shaker, Aachen.

Hjort, J. & M. Luoto (2006). Modelling patterned ground distribution in Finnish Lapland: an integration of topographical, ground and remote sensing information. Geografiska Annaler A 88, 19–29.

Inkinen, T. (2006). The social construction of the urban use of information technology: the case of Tampere, Finland. Journal of Urban Technology 13, 49–75.

Inkinen, T. & J. S. Jauhiainen (2006; eds.). Tietoyhteiskunnan maantiede. 271 p. Gaudeamus, Helsinki.

Johansson, T. (2006; ed.). Geographical information systems applications for schools – GISAS. Helsingin yliopiston maantieteen laitoksen julkaisuja A 141. 100 p.

Johansson, T. & P. Pellikka (2006). GISAS – geographical information systems applications for schools. In Suarez, J. & M. Bela (eds.): AGILE 2006. 9th AGILE Conference on Geographic Information Science: Shaping the future of geographic information science in Europe, 317–318. College of Geoinformatics, University of West Hungary & ALTO Press.

Kepsu, K. (2006). Finlandssvenska flyttningsmönster och språkgränser. In Junila, M. & C. Westin (eds.): Mellan majoriteter och minoriteter: Om migration, makt och mening, 124–148. Svenska litteratursällskapet, Helsingfors.

Kepsu, K. & J. Westerholm (2006). Finland-Swedish minority under pressure – Challenges for an ‘old’ minority. In Raento, P. (ed.): Finnishness in Finland and North America: Constituents, changes, and challenges, 72–97. Aspasia Books, Toronto & Journal of Finnish Studies 9: 2 (Special Issue, 2005).

Koskela, H. (2006). The other side of surveillance. Webcams, power and agency. In Lyon, D. (ed.): Theorizing surveillance. The panopticon and beyond, 163–181. Willan, Cullompton.

Loikkanen, H. A., S. Laakso, P. Kilpeläinen, E. Kostiainen & I. Susiluoto (2006). Economic impacts of the Helsinki 2005 World Championships in Athletics. KIHU’s Publication Series 7.

Luoto, M. & J. Hjort (2006). Scale matters – a multi-resolution study of the determinants of patterned ground activity in subarctic Finland. Geomorphology 80, 282–294.

Löytönen, M. (2006). HIV and Africa – Disaster approaching? In Hämäläinen, P. (ed.): When disease makes history. Epidemics and great historical turning points, 257–276. Helsinki University Press, Helsinki.

Löytönen, M. (2006). Kun silmänpohjaa tutkittiin paikkatietojärjestelmällä. Duodecim 122, 2573–2574.

Mäkiaho, J.-P. (2006). Utsjoen luonnonmaiseman jääkauden jälkeinen kehitys — vuonosta jokilaaksoksi. In Hirvonen, V (Ed.): Eilinen keskellämme — Dološ áiggi muitu, 66–77. Utsjokisuun kyläyhdistys ry:n julkaisuja, 2. Vammalan kirjapaino Oy.

Mäkiaho, J.-P., I. Kaakinen & P. Rinne (2006; Eds.): Megacitystä Milpalle – tutkimusretki Meksikoon 2006. Expedition reports of the Department of Geography, University of Helsinki 43. 118 pp.

Raento, P. (2006). Communicating geopolitics through postage stamps: The case of Finland. Geopolitics 11, 601–629.

Raento, P. (2006). Changing food culture and identity in Finland. In Raento, P. (ed.): Finnishness in Finland and North America: Constituents, changes, and challenges, 50–71. Aspasia Books, Toronto & Journal of Finnish Studies 9: 2 (Special Issue, 2005).

Raento, P. & S. Flusty (2006). Three trips to Italy – Deconstructing the New Las Vegas. In Minca, C. & T. Oakes (eds.): Travels in Paradox. Remapping Tourism, 97–124. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham.

Rinne, P. (2006). Struggles over resources and representations in territorial conflicts in the Northern Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAN), Nicaragua. Helsingin yliopiston maantieteen laitoksen julkaisuja A 142. 164 p.

Seppä, H. & M. Tikkanen (2006). Land uplift-driven shift of the outlet of Lake Ähtärinjärvi, western Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 78, 5–18.

Seppälä, M. (2006). Palsa mires in Finland. The Finnish Environment 23, 155–162.

Tikkanen, M. (2006). Unsettled weather and climate of Finland. In Lindholm, T. & R. Heikkilä (eds.): Finland – land of mires, 7–16. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki & The Finnish environment 23/2006.

Tikkanen, M. (2006). The landforms of Finland. In Lindholm, T. & R. Heikkilä (eds.): Finland – land of mires, 27–38.Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki & The Finnish environment 23/2006.

Tikkanen, M. (2006). Postglacial history of Finnish inland waters. In Lindholm, T. & R. Heikkilä (eds.): Finland – land of mires, 39–48. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki & The Finnish environment 23/2006.

Tikkanen, M. (2006). Glacial and postglacial history of the Baltic Sea and Finland. In Lindholm, T. & R. Heikkilä (eds.): Finland – land of mires, 59–67. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki & The Finnish environment 23/2006.

Toivonen, T., R. Kalliola, K. Ruokolainen & R. N. Malik (2006) Across-path DN gradient in Landsat TM imagery of Amazonian forests: a challenge for image interpretation and mosaicking. Remote Sensing of Environment 100, 550–562.


Hellemaa, P. (2005; ed.). Maantieteellisen tiedon hankinta ja esittäminen. Helsingin yliopiston maantieteen laitoksen opetusmonisteita 48.

Inkinen, T. (2005). European coherence and regional policy? A Finnish perspective on the observed and reported territorial impacts of EU research and development policies. European Planning Studies 13, 1113–1122.

Johansson, T. (2005). Introducing GIS into upper secondary schools in Europe. GIS Educator 1/2005, 1 & 7.

Johansson, T. & P. Pellikka (2005). Interactive geographical information systems (GIS) applications for European upper secondary schools. In Méndez Vilas, A., B. Gonzales Pereira, J. Mesa Gonzáles & J. A. Mesa Gonzáles (eds.): Recent research developments in learning technologies, vol. 2, 505–509. III International Conference on Multimedia & ICT’s in Education, FORMATEX, Caceres.

King, D. J., I. Olthof, P. K. E. Pellikka, E. D. Seed & C. Butson (2005). Modelling and mapping forest ice storm damage using remote sensing and environmental data. Natural Hazards 35, 321–342.

Korhola, A., M. Tikkanen & J. Weckström (2005). Quantification of Holocene lake-level changes in Finnish Lapland using a cladocera – lake depth transfer model. Journal of Paleolimnology 34, 175–190.

Koskela, H. (2005). Urban space in plural: elastic, tamed, suppressed. In Seager, J. & L. Nelson (eds.): A companion to feminist geography, 257–270. Blackwell, Oxford.

Koskela, H. & S. Tani (2005). ‘Sold out!’ Women’s practices of resistance against prostitution related sexual harassment. Women’s Studies International Forum 28, 418–429.

Laakso, S. & T. Halme, P. Kilpeläinen, H. A. Loikkanen & M. Vaattovaara (2005; eds.). Kirkkonummen kunnan muuttoliiketutkimus. Helsingin yliopiston maantieteen laitoksen julkaisuja B 52.

Loikkanen, H. A., M. Riihelä & R. Sullström (2005). Regional income convergence and inequality in boom and bust. Results from micro data in Finland 1971–2000. In Felsentein, D. & B. Portnov (eds.): Regional disparities in small countries, 109–127. Springer, Berlin.

Loikkanen, H. A. & I. Susiluoto (2005). Cost efficiency of Finnish municipalities in basic service provision 1994–2002. Urban Public Economics Review 4, 39–64.

Loikkanen, H. & I. Susiluoto (2005). Paljonko verorahoilla saa. Kunnallisalan kehittämissäätiö, tutkimusjulkaisut 50. 115 p.

Luoto, M. & J. Hjort (2005). Evaluation of current statistical approaches for predictive geomorphological mapping. Geomorphology 67, 299–315.

Löytönen, M. & R. Jäntti (2005). Koillisväylän löytäjä. Tutkimusmatkaaja Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld Jäämerellä. 46 p. Finnish Literature Society, Helsinki.

Matthews, J.A., M. Seppälä & P. Q. Dresser (2005) Holocene solifluction, climate variation and fire in a subarctic landscape at Pippokangas, Finnish Lapland, based on radiocarbon-dated buried charcoal. Journal of Quaternary Science 20:6, 533–548.

Mäkiaho, J.-P. (2005). Development of shoreline and topography in the Olkiluoto area, western Finland, 2000 BP—8000 AP. Posiva working report 2005–70. 49pp + CD-Rom.

Raento, P. (2005). Religion and diversity in Finland. In Koenig, M. (ed.): Negotiating religious pluralism. Canadian Diversity/Diversité Canadienne 4: 3 (Special Issue), 16–20.

Raento, P. & P. Hottola (2005). Where on earth is New York? Pedagogical lessons from Finnish geography students’ knowledge of the United States. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education 14, 5–27.

Raento, P. & S. D. Brunn (2005). Visualizing Finland. Postage stamps as political messengers. Geografiska Annaler B 87, 145–163.

Seppälä, M. (2005). Frost heave on earth hummocks (pounus) in Finnish Lapland. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift 59, 171–176.

Seppälä, M. (2005; ed.). The physical geography of Fennoscandia. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Seppälä, M. (2005). Dating of palsas. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 40, 79–84.

Tikkanen, M. (2005). Climate. In Seppälä, M. (ed.): The physical geography of Fennoscandia, 97–112. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Vuolteenaho, J. (2005). Kaupunkitilan elävöittäminen: jälkimodernin muutoksen megatrendeistä Oulun kävelykadulle (Abstract: Enlivening urban space: from mega-trends of postmodern change to Oulu’s pedestrian street). Terra 117, 91–108.

Vuolteenaho, J. & T. Ainiala (2005). Urbaanin paikannimistön haasteita – kielitieteen ja maantieteen tieteenalatraditioista arkiseen käyttönimistöön Helsingin metropolialueella (Abstract: Urban toponymy’s challenges – from disciplinary traditions of linguistics and geography to everyday place names in metropolitan Helsinki). Alue ja ympäristö 34, 4–18.

Westerholm, J. (2005). Major human impact. In Seppälä, M. (ed.): The physical geography of Fennoscandia, 367−381. Oxford University Press, Oxford.


Douglass, W. A. & P. Raento (2004). The tradition of invention. Conceiving Las Vegas. Annals of Tourism Research 31, 7–23.

Hellemaa, P. (2004). Teemakarttojen lukemiseen liittyviä ongelmia. Terra 116, 166–172.

Hendriks, J. & P. Pellikka (2004). Estimation of reflectance from a glacier surface by comparing spectrometer measurements with satellite-derived reflectances. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie 38, 139–154.

Koskela, H. (2004). Webcams, TV shows and mobile phones. Empowering exhibitionism. Surveillance and Society 2, 199–215. <>

Laakso, S. & H. A. Loikkanen (2004). Kaupunkitalous. 472 p. Gaudeamus, Helsinki.

Luoto, M. & J. Hjort (2004). Generalized linear modelling in periglacial studies: terrain parameters and patterned ground. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 15, 327–338.

Löytönen, M. & R. Jäntti (2004). Uutta maailmaa tutkimassa. Tutkimusmatkaaja Pehr Kalm Pohjois-Amerikassa. 40 p. Finnish Literature Society, Helsinki.

Löytönen, M. & C. Sabel (2004). Mobile phone positioning systems and the accessability of health services. In Maheswaran, R. & M. Craglia (eds.): GIS in Public health practice, 277–285. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Raento, P., A. Hämäläinen, H. Ikonen & N. Mikkonen (2004). Striking stories. A political geography of euro coinage. Political Geography 23, 929–956.

Raento, P. (2004). Ahead, a bright but challenging future. Journal of Cultural Geography 22, 135–137.

Sabel, C. & M. Löytönen (2004). Clustering of disease. In Maheswaran, R. & M. Craglia (eds.). GIS in public health practice, 51–67. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Seppälä, M. (2004). Wind as a geomorphic agent in cold climates. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Sharov, A. I., K. Gutjahr & P. E. Pellikka (2004). Phase gradient approach to the evaluation and mapping of glacier rheology from multi-pass SAR interferograms. In Smits, P. C. & L. Bruzzone (eds.): Analysis of multi-temporal remote sensing images, 154–165. World Scientific.

Valta-Hulkkonen, K., A. Kanninen & P. Pellikka (2004). Remote sensing and GIS for detecting changes in aquatic vegetation of a rehabilitated lake. International Journal of Remote Sensing 25, 5745–5758.

Valta-Hulkkonen, K., P. Pellikka & J. Peltoniemi, 2004. Assessment of bi-directional reflectance over aquatic macrophyte vegetation in CIR aerial photographs. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 70, 581–587.


Hedberg, C. & K. Kepsu (2003). Migration as a cultural expression? The case of the Finland-Swedish minority’s migration to Sweden. Geografiska Annaler B 85, 67–84.

Inkinen, T. (2003). Exploring the information society: experiences from Finland. Netcom. Networks and Communications Studies 17, 249–268.

Inkinen, T. (2003). Information society, citizens and everyday life: does the Internet make a difference in spatial practices? Fennia 181, 25–33.

Koskela, H. (2003). ‘In visible city’. Insecurity, gender, and power relations in urban space. In Öhman, J. & K. Simonsen (eds.): Voices from the North. New trends in Nordic human geography, 283–298. Ashgate, Aldershot.

Koskela, H. (2003). ‘Cam Era’ – the contemporary urban Panopticon. Surveillance and Society 1, 292–313. <>

Luoto, M. & M. Seppälä (2003). Thermokarst ponds as indicators of the former distribution of palsas in Finnish Lapland. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 14, 19–27.

Raento, P. (2003). The return of the one-armed bandit: gaming in the West. In Hausladen, G. J. (ed.): Western places, American myths. How we think about the West, 225–252. University of Nevada Press, Reno.

Ruth, O. (2003). The effects of de-icing in Helsinki urban streams, Southern Finland. Water Science and Technology 48: 9, 33–43.

Ruth, O. (2003). Road salt as a pollutant in Helsinki urban streams, Southern Finland. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Urban Drainage and Highway Runoff in Cold Climate, 25–27 March, Riksgränsen, Sweden, 35–47.

Sabel, C. E., P. J. Boyle, M. Löytönen, A. C. Gatrell, M. Jokelainen, R. Flowerdew & P. Maasilta (2003). Spatial clustering of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Finland at place of birth and place of death. American Journal of Epidemiology 157, 898–905.

Schulman, H. (2003). Planeringen och byggandet av Helsingfors. In Helsingfors stads historia efter 1945. Del 2, 11–109. Edita, Helsingfors.

Seppälä, M. (2003). Surface abrasion of palsas by wind action in Finnish Lapland. Geomorphology 52, 141–148.

Tikkanen, M. (2003; Finnish editor-in-chief). Muuttuva maailma: Keski-Amerikka ja Karibia. 160 p. (Discover the World: Central America, Mexico and Caribbean – Regards sur le Monde: L’Amérique Centrale, le Mexique et les Caraibes). Valitut Palat – Reader’s Digest.

Leppäranta, Matti, Matti Tikkanen & Juhani Virkanen (2003). Observations of ice impurities in Finnish Lakes. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Science, Chemistry 52:2, 59–75.

Tikkanen, M. & O. Ruth (2003). Origins and development of the ancient outflow channel of the river Vantaanjoki, southern Finland, as indicated by fluvial sediments. Fennia 181, 69–83.

Toivonen, T. & M. Luoto (2003). Landsat TM images in mapping of semi-natural grasslands and analysing of habitat pattern in an agricultural landscape in south-west Finland. Fennia 181, 49–67.

Valta-Hulkkonen, K., P. Pellikka, H. Tanskanen, A. Ustinov & O. Sandman (2003). Digital false colour aerial photographs for discrimination of aquatic macrophyte species. Aquatic Botany 75, 71–88

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