Events

The Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights
Faculty of Law
P.O. BOX 4 (visiting address: Yliopistonkatu 3)
FI-00014 UNIVERSITY OF HELSINKI
Tel: +358 (0)29 4123140

intlaw-institute(at)helsinki.fi







 

The International Criminal Court and the Responsibility to Protect
Synergies and Tensions 3-4 December 2010

R2P
An International Conference
Helsinki, December 3-4, 2010
Venue: Small Hall, University of Helsinki main building (Fabianinkatu 33)

  1. International conference on The International Criminal Court (ICC) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P): Synergies and Tensions The conference was held in Helsinki on 3-4 December 2010 and its main purpose was to examine what lessons could be learned from the hitherto functioning of the ICC and how the project of R2P should be understood both 'in itself' and in relation to the ICC. The speakers were a mix of academics, policymakers and practitioners – among them Erkki Kourula (ICC Judge), Edward Luck (UN Secretary-General's Special Advisor on R2P), Pekka Haavisto (Finnish MP and Special representative of the Foreign Minister of Finland in Sudan and Somalia) and Martti Koskenniemi (Professor of International Law at the University of Helsinki). The substantive issues were addressed from a variety of perspectives yet there were some recurring themes and concerns. For instance, the ICC has been under fire for the negative consequences caused by some of the decisions of the Office of the Prosecutor as regards particular African crises. There was much debate as to whether such consequences are inevitable and whether and how they should be taken into account within the ICC procedures. Another area of debate was the difficulty of pinpointing what the points of reference are in relation to R2P's gradual institutionalization within the UN – what kind of policies flow from the adoption of the concept? How can the UN Secretariat promote the concept given the deep divisions in state opinion on the subject-matter? Agreement prevailed to the extent that although R2P and the ICC are still in their infancy and have a varied track record, it is still too early to draw definite conclusions about the future of either institutional project, and that further experience and research are needed in order to understand their role and to further the humanitarian objectives that underlie both projects.

 

As the 2005 UN World Summit decided to advance the project on “responsibility to protect” (R2P), it stated that each State had the “responsibility to protect it populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity”. The international community (including the UN itself) was called upon to “help States to exercise this responsibility”. Since 2005, the content of the R2P project has been increasingly identified with the prevention of the four crimes laid out in the summit document. These crimes clearly coincide with the province of international criminal justice and especially with the jurisdiction of the ICC. This raises some important and interesting questions. What is the relationship between political action undertaken through R2P and judicial action by the ICC? Whether and how their respective fields of operation should be coordinated?

The Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights (ECI) at the University of Helsinki will organize a conference in Helsinki on 3-4 December 2010 with the intention of examining the interface between the political project of “responsibility to protect” and the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (“R2P/ICC”). The conference is organized with the sponsorship of the Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs and one of its aims is to provide critical and intellectually rigorous guidance for policy-makers working in the two fields.

The conference is intended to have three sessions:

  1. “The ICC and R2P, from Promise to Practice” – an assessment of the development and present status of these two normative endeavours;
  2. “The Politics of the ICC and R2P” – an analysis of the possible overlaps between the two enterprises and their effects;
  3. “The Road ahead” – a discussion of how the international community might best coordinate its future action in these fields.

 

Confirmed speakers include the following:
David Chandler, Professor (University of Westminster)
Martti Koskenniemi, Professor (University of Helsinki)
Erkki Kourula, Judge (ICC)
Roy S. Lee, Executive Secretary (ICC Conference)
Edward Luck, UN special Advisor on R2P
Frédéric Mégret, Assistant Professor (University of McGill)
Sarah Nouwen, Mayer Brown Research Fellow in Public International Law (University of Cambridge)
Anne Orford, Professor (University of Melbourne)
Edward Kofi Quashigah, Associate Professor (University of Ghana)
Benjamin N. Schiff, Professor of Politics (Oberlin College)

Seminar Poster (pdf)

FINAL PROGRAMME, Note the updated programme!

Friday, December 3

9.00 Registration
9.30 Opening remarks: Jaakko Laajava, Under-Secretary of State of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs

9:40 – 11:15 Session 1: “The Politics of the ICC and R2P” – an analysis of the possible overlaps between the two enterprises and their effects. Chaired by Jan Klabbers, presentations by:
1) David Chandler: Born Posthumously: Rethinking the Shared Characteristics of the ICC and R2P
2) Martti Koskenniemi: Political discretion and judicial decision-making
3) Sarah Nouwen: Complementarity in Practice: Critical Lessons for R2P
4) Benjamin Schiff: Experience and present status of the International Criminal Court


11:15 Coffee (30 min)

 

11:45-13:15 Panel Discussion + Q&A (Panel: Chandler, Koskenniemi, Nouwen, Schiff) '


13:15 Lunch (at your own cost)


15:00-16.20 Session 2: “The ICC and R2P, from Promise to Practice” – an assessment of the development and present status of these two normative endeavors. Chaired by Päivi Kaukoranta, presentations by:
1) Anne Orford: The emergence of R2P
2) Roy Lee: Experience with the International Criminal Court
3) Erkki Kourula: Experience and present status of the International Criminal Court
4) Edward Luck: The relationship between R2P and ICC

Short Break (25min)


16.45-18:00 Panel Discussion, chaired by Päivi Kaukoranta + Q&A (Panel: Orford, Lee, Kourula & Luck)

18:00 Rector's Reception with Vice-Rector Ulla-Maija Forsberg at the lobby of the small hall (refreshments and snacks)

Saturday, December 4

9:00-10:40 Session 3: “The Road ahead” – a discussion of how the international community might best coordinate its future action in the two fields. Chaired by Anu Saarela, presentations by:
1) Frédéric Megret: Might R2P and International Criminal Justice Clash?
2) Kofi Quashigah: Future of the International Criminal Court in African crises and its relationship with the R2P project
3) Pekka Haavisto: The role of R2P in African crises, particularly in Darfur

4) Päivi Kaukoranta: Finnish perspectives on the ICC and R2P
5) Erkki Kourula:future coordination of the R2P and the ICC within the UN system

10:40 Coffee (25min)


11:15-12.45 Panel Discussion + Q&A (Panel: Megret, Quashigah, Kaukoranta, Kourula)


12.45 Closing of the Conference

 

Conference is free of charge

On-line registration is required! Registration is now closed!

Organizers:

ECI