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HCAS Symposium: Wittgenstein and Pragmatism, May 16-17, 2016 

It is well known that Ludwig Wittgenstein is sparse with references to other philosophers, and when he does mention other philosophers it is hardly in praise. There are a few exceptions – and one of the exceptions that stands out is his continuously warm regard for pragmatist philosopher William James. “Whenever I have time now,” Wittgenstein wrote to Bertrand Russell, “I read James’s Varieties of Religious Experience. This book does me a lot good.” And James’s work was also one of the few philosophical works that Wittgenstein is reported to have recommended his students to read.

It is no accident that James’s pragmatism was one of the philosophical approaches that Wittgenstein found inspiring, challenging and rewarding. For there are a number of affinities between pragmatism and Wittgenstein-inspired ways of doing philosophy – which is vindicated by the fact that most contemporary pragmatists and neo-pragmatists think about their own work as, at least partly, inspired by Wittgenstein’s philosophy.

Wittgensteinian philosophy and pragmatism are two traditions of thought in which several interesting parallels can be discerned, regarding the problems they focus on and how, but also regarding what they are opposing. Both traditions engage in the perennial issues of knowledge, truth and the good from the perspective of human practices. Both eschew metaphysical system building as well as the naturalist reductionism of much analytic philosophy. Philosophy, according to both traditions, is not in need of foundations, but rather of a more sensitive attention to the varieties of human activity and meaning making: in ordinary language, science, morals, religion. Certain general tenets of 20th-century and present philosophy, like the sharp fact-value dichotomy and the (varieties of a) correspondence theory of truth, are questioned by both traditions for reasons relating to the attention to practice.

This symposium investigates themes of interconnection between Wittgensteinian and Pragmatist philosophy, and their roles in contemporary thought.

The symposium is arranged by the Helsinki Collegium of Advanced Studies, the Nordic Wittgenstein Society , the Nordic Pragmatism Network, and the Philosophical Society of Finland.

Venue: Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, Fabianinkatu 24 A, Seminar Room 136, Ground Floor.

Plenary Speakers:
Cora Diamond (University of Viriginia, USA)
Russell B. Goodman (University of New Mexico, USA)
Logi Gunnarsson (University of Potsdam, Germany)
Daniele Moyal-Sharrock (Universitry of Hertfordshire, UK)

Organizing Committee:
Nora Hämäläinen, NWS, HCAS, University of Helsinki (2013–2016)
Niklas Forsberg, NWS, Department of Philosophy, Upsala University
Henrik Rydenfelt, NPN, University of Helsinki
Sami Pihlström, NPN, University of Helsinki

The symposium is open for all, but there is a limited number of seat. Registration is free but required. The deadline to register is May 6. Please register online.


Preliminary Programme

Monday, May 16

9–9:30 Registration & Coffee

9:30–9:45 Welcome

9:45–10:45: Plenary speaker
Danièle Moyal-Sharrock (University of Hertfordshire, UK)

David Cerbone: Theory or Therapy? The Concept of Life in Wittgenstein and Dewey
Lawrence Marcelle: Wittgenstein and the Progress of Pragmatism
Cecilie Eriksen: Wittgenstein and Human Practices: Roaming the Lands of the Actual and the Imaginary

13:30–14:30 Plenary speaker
Russell B. Goodman (University of New Mexico, USA)

Andrej Jandric: Wittgenstein and James on Religious Belief: Participating in Religious Forms of Life and Having Religious Experience
Ondrej Beran: Understanding a Religious Practice
Stefanie Dach: Wilfrid Sellars and Pragmatist Aspects of the Tractatus

Hanne Appelqvist: Embodied Understanding: Charles Taylor on Wittgenstein’s Rule-Following Discussion
Ulla Schmidt: Wittgenstein and James on Emotion

Tuesday, May 17

Andreas Grimmel/ Gunther Hellmann:
Wittgenstein, the Pragmatists and the Idea of Social Science
Maija Aalto-Heinilä: Pragmatism and Human Rights
Henry Jackman: Wittgenstein and James’s Principles of Psychology

11:00–12:00 Plenary Speaker
Cora Diamond (University of Virginia, USA)

Tove Österman: Dewey, Wittgenstein and Mathematics Education
Sarin Marchetti: Theory vs. Therapy in Ethics: Wittgensteinian and Pragmatist Variations
Vincent Grondin: How to Sound like a Pragmatist without Being One

Nimrod Matan: Wittgenstein and James on Absolute Value and Private Feelings
Michael Klenk: Apparent Affinities: Four Pragmatists and Wittgenstein on the “Everything Goes” Challenge in Metaethics
Sasha Lawson-Frost: A Use-Based Approach to Moral Reasoning

16:45–17:45 Plenary Speaker
Logi Gunnarsson (University of Potsdam, Germany)


Informal Reception