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Aleksanteri Series 2:2006

The Two-Level Game: Russia's Relations with Great Britain, Finland and the European Union
Edited by Hanna Smith

Aleksanteri Series 2:2006
ISBN 952-10-3061-5
2 EUR + VAT 10 %


As the European Union struggles to agree a common line and to establish mutual understanding in its dealings with Russia , the story about how bilateral relations work between Russia and two European countries is instructive for the future relationship with Europe as a whole. The first, Great Britain , is one of the leading powers in Europe with a history of imperial rivalry with Russia . The second, Finland , is a small country, which was once part of the Russian Empire and has now Russia 's longest border with the European Union. In this book, leading experts from both Finland and Britain analyse the political, economic and security relationship that Russia enjoys, both on a multilateral level with the EU as a whole and bilaterally with Britain and Finland, and draw the lessons that make this book indispensable for anyone with an interest in European and Russian international relations.

Contributors:  Pami Aalto, Derek Averre, Tarja Cronberg, Tuomas Forsberg, Jackie Gower, Pia Heliste, Riitta Kosonen, Kari Liuhto, John Russell, Hanna Smith, Rod Thornton, Graham Timmins, William Tompson, Timo Vihavainen



Introduction: Russia 's Policy Towards the European Union HANNA SMITH

Does History Play a Role in Finnish-Russian Relations? TIMO VIHAVAINEN

Bilateral Relations in the Russia-EU Relationship: The British View GRAHAM TIMMINS

The Impact of Chechnya and the 'War on Terror' on British-Russian Relations

Cross-Border Cooperation as a Model for EU-Russia Relations - A Finnish View

The Northern Dimension's Role in EU-Russia Relations PAMI AALTO

Russia-EU Security Cooperation DEREK AVERRE

Finnish-Russian Security Relations: Is Russia Still Seen as a Threat? TUOMAS FORSBERG

Current United Kingdom-Russia Security Relations ROD THORNTON

Possible Russian Development Paths and Their Implications for Europe : Some Back-of-the-Envelope Musings WILLIAM TOMPSON

Bilateral Economic Relations between Finland and Russia : Finnish Firms' Experiences in Northwest Russia RIITTA KOSONEN & PIIA HELISTE

The Kaliningrad Region after the 2004 Enlargement - 'A Piece of Russia in the EU'


List of Contributors

Pami Aalto is a Researcher at the Aleksanteri Institute. He is the author of Constructing Post-Soviet Geopolitics in Estonia (Frank Cass, 2003) and The European Union and the Making of a Wider Northern Europe (Routledge 2006). His research interests include geopolitics, methodology, energy policy, EU foreign policy, EU-Russia relations, Russia in international politics, and northern Europe .

Derek Averre is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Russian and East European Studies, European Research Institute, University of Birmingham . He is engaged in an ongoing external project on arms control and economic transition, and his research interests include Russian foreign and security policy, political relations between Russia and Europe , and disarmament and non-proliferation. He has published numerous journal articles, book chapters and other pieces, and participates in networks with leading UK and overseas academic institutions.

Tarja Cronberg is a Member of the Finnish Parliament. She holds doctorates in technology from Lund University , Sweden , and in economics from Copenhagen School of Business, Denmark. She is a former Director of Copri (Copenhagen Peace Research Institute) and Associate Professor in technological assessment at the University of Denmark . Her work with Cross Border Cooperation dates back to her time as the Director of the Regional Council of North Karelia in 1995-2001. One of her main works is Transforming Russia - From a Military to a Peace Economy (I.B.Tauris, 2003).

Tuomas Forsberg is an Acting Professor of World Politics at the University of Helsinki and Adjunct Professor at the University of 264 and. In 2002-2004 he was a Professor of Western European Security Studies at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany and in 1998- 2001 a Senior Researcher and an Acting Director at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs. His research has dealt primarily with European security issues, focusing on ESDP, Germany , Russia and Northern Europe . His most recent publication is Finland and Crises: From the Years of Danger to the Terrorist Attacks (2003) and Divided West: European Security and the Transatlantic Relationship (2006).

Jackie Gower is a Visiting Fellow at the Department of War Studies at King's College London. She has worked on EU-Russia relations for many years and written on the relationship from both the Russian and EU perspectives. Her most recent publication is an edited book (with Graham Timmins) Russia and Europe : An Uneasy Partnership due to be published by Anthem Press in June 2006.

Riitta Kosonen is the Director of a multidisciplinary research and education unit - the Center for Markets in Transition at the Helsinki School of Economics where she is in charge of research and education on Russia , the Baltic states and Asia . She is also a Professor at the University of Joensuu where she focuses on Finland 's role at the interface between the EU and Russia . She holds a PhD in socioeconomic geography and has published several articles on post-socialist local restructuring, enterprise adaptation to turbulence, and Finnish firms' operations in Russia and the Baltic States . She is the Chairman of the Finnish-Russian Commission of Scientific and Technological Cooperation's working group of social sciences.

Kari Liuhto holds a tenure professorship in international business at the Turku School of Economics, Finland. He is also the Director of the Pan-European Institute ( ). Professor Liuhto's research interests lie in EU-Russian economic relations, corporate governance in Russia and the outward direct investments of Russian enterprises. His latest book is the edited publication Kaliningrad 2020: Its Future Competitiveness and Role in the Baltic Sea Economic Region (Turku School of Economics, 2005).

John Russell is a Senior Lecturer in Russian Studies at the Department of Languages & European Studies and the Department of Peace Studies at the University of Bradford , currently researching and teaching terrorism and counterterrorism, with special emphasis on the Russo-Chechen conflict. He is the author of numerous published articles on this topic and has been invited to speak on the conflict at a wide range of academic, research and non-governmental institutions both in the United Kingdom and abroad. He is currently completing a monograph for Routledge Press entitled Chechnya : Russia 's war on Terror, due out in 2007.

Hanna Smith is a Research Fellow at the Aleksanteri Institute, University of Helsinki . She acted as a Coordinator and the Main Researcher for the Institute's project "Russian Foreign Policy", funded by the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2004-2005. In 2001-2002 she was a Visiting Researcher at the Centre for Russian and East European Studies, University of Birmingham . Her research covers a wide range of issues relating to Russian foreign policy and especially Russia and international organisations. One of her main publications is the edited volume Russia and Its Foreign Policy (Kikimora Publications, 2005).

Rod Thornton is a Lecturer at King's College London working at the United Kingdom 's Joint Services Command and Staff College . He has written widely on terrorism, counter-insurgency and the Russian military. He has a book on Asymmetric Warfare coming out in October 2006 with Polity Press.

Graham Timmins is based at the University of Stirling where he is the Head of Department and Jean Monnet Professor in European Integration Studies. He is the co-author of Building a Bigger Europe: EU and NATO Enlargement in Comparative Perspective (Ashgate, 2000) and the co-author of Uncertain Europe: Building a New European Security Order? (Routledge, 2001). He is currently involved in a number of research projects examining EU-Russia relations and is the co-editor (with Jackie Gower) of Russia and Europe : An Uneasy Partnership, due out in 2006.

William Tompson is a Senior Economist for the NIS and Southeast Europe at the Economics Department of the OECD and an Associate Fellow of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. Professor Tompson is the author of Khrushchev: A Political Life (Macmillan/St Martin's, 1997) and The Soviet Union under Brezhnev (Longman, 2003), as well as of numerous articles and book chapters on Soviet and Russian politics and economic policy. Together with Rudiger Ahrend, he prepared the fifth OECD Economic Survey of the Russian Federation , which appeared in July 2004.

Timo Vihavainen is a Professor of Russian Studies at the Renvall Institute, University of Helsinki . In 1998-2000 he was the Director of the Finnish Institute in St. Petersburg . He has published numerous books and articles on the political and intellectual history of Russia and the history of Finnish-Russian relations. One of the latest books is the edited volume Russia's Two Faces - The Picture of Russia as a Building Block for Finnish Identity (Venäjän kandet kasvot - Venäjä-kuva suomalaisen identiteetin rakennuskivenä) (Edita, 2004).