Research Projects

The Research Programme for Russia and Eastern Europe in 1995-2000

Research Programme for Russia and Eastern Europe was prepared and accepted by the Academy of Finland in 1994. It began in 1995 and was mainly aimed at reinforcing research on policy, culture and society, and economy of these areas. Other purposes were: promoting of research on the neighbouring areas, e.g. Russian Karelia, Kola, St. Petersburg and Estonia, and intensifying the cooperation of Finnish researchers and institutions with the western and the eastern ones.

In course of the programme have 28 research projects been funded by the Academy of Finland; the budget of the programme has been about 33 million FIM.

It´s too early to evaluate the final results of the programme, but it is possible to outline some characteristic features: humanists and social scientists have been most interested in the programme. In 1996 the Academy of Finland received 43 new research proposals, but could fund only nine of them.

21 of the funded projects have been in humanities and social sciences: 8 in sociology, 6 in history, 4 in linguistics, 2 in theology, and 1in literature. The scale of these projects is wide, varying from religious and moral questions to drinking habits of Russians, from Moscow´s policy concerning centre-periphery relations, from border crossing in language contacts to Russian women`s autobiographical texts. Studies of problematics of the neighbouring areas areemphasized, which does not exclude studies on the Russian core areas and issues related to them.

In economic sciences there are 5 projects on transition economies : three related to the neighbouring areas, mainly to St. Petersburg; one to the East European economy, and one to economic relations between the Baltic Countries, Russia and Finland.

Two projects are about legal foundations of the Russian economy, and about Russian foreign policy from the perspective of international relations theories.

It is evident, that the programme of the Academy of Finland has strengthened the basic research on Russia in a number of universities and institutions. Altogether 10 universities have got funding for their projects: University of Helsinki for 8 projects, and the other universities for14 projects: the University of Joensuu for 5, the University of Tampere for 5.

The programme has been important especially for the smaller universities, which have got an unique possibility to strengthen Russian research. For the first time, we have a larg number of post graduate students and new PhD. researchers specializing on Russia. The programme has also paved the way to establish new cooperation contacts in Russia and Eastern Europe.

The evaluation of the programme is possible after the last projects have been completed in 2000. The Academy of Finland has decided to emphasize the research on Russia also after this programme period has expired.

The programme is coordinated by Phil.Lic. Markku Kangaspuro. in the Aleksanteri Institute.

List of the projects in 1995-1997:

The Finno-Ugric Substratum Nomenclature of Central Russia
Finland and its Neighbouring Regions : Economic Potential and Adjustment Pressure
Cultural Inertia and Social Change in Russia
The Development of Foreign Economic Relations in Russia and Baltic Countries
Social Changes in Eastern and Central Europe : Migration Pressure and Social Integration
National Statehood in North-West Russia in the Post-revolutionary Period until Year 1940 :
a Comparison of the Lines of Development between Karelia, Komi and Finland
The National Idea : Russian Nationalism and Ultra-nationalism 1990's
In the Shadow and in the Light : Official and Inofficial Communication. Contacts between
Finland and Estonia from the 19th Century to 1991
Border Crossings in Language Contacts
Youth and Social Change in Karelia
Legal Foundations of Russian Economy
Russian Foreign policy from the Perspective of International Relations Theories

List of projects in 1995-2000:

National Identity in Baltic Countries and Eastern Europe
Religion and Values in Russia
People and Power: Continuity and Change in Russia in the 20th Century
C.P.C.U. and Finland
Modernism and Postmodernism in Russian Literature and Culture
New Risks and Emerging Needs in Transitional Russia: Class, Gender and Welfare Provision in St. Petersburg
Institutional Change in the Russian Economy
Opening up of Russia and Central-East European Economies
Language and Education in Intercultural Context
Syntactic Structures in the Contact between Russian and Finno-Ugric Languages
Models of Self : Russian Women´s Autobiographical Texts, 1800-2000
East Karelian Family System R&D Production Systems in Transition : a Study on Russia and St. Petersburg
The Europe between Germany and Russia on the treshold of the 21th Century from Geocultural, Political and Social Viewpoint
Rural Survival Strategies in Transitional Countries : a Comparative Study of Localities in Northwestern Russia and Hungary
Norms, Values and Deviation in Soviet Society and Culture in the 1920's -1950's

Contact person: Markku Kangaspuro (

Duration: 1985-2000

Funding: The Academy of Finland