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Eeva Korteniemi
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Location & Connections


Visiting Fellows 2014-2015

Michal Pullmann, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic

“Pragmatic Radicalism of the ‘Long’ 1970s: Ideology and Social Consensus in the East and West”
(March - May 2015)

Michal Pullmann is an Associate Professor at the Institute of Economic and Social History, Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague. He teaches social history of the 20th century, history of historiography, theory and methodology of history, and the history of communist dictatorships. He published a book on Czechoslovak perestroika and the demise of communism in Czechoslovakia (Konec experimentu: Přestavba a pád komunismu v Československu [The End of Experiment: Perestroika and the Demise of Communism in Czechoslovakia], Prague 2011).

Abstract of current research:
At the Aleksanteri Institute Pullmann is working on a new project “Pragmatic Radicalism of the ‘Long’ 1970s: Ideology and Social Consensus in the East and West” investigating the patterns of the social consensus in East and West in the “long” 1970s. Within the context of major economic changes, new technologies, that affected both production and the everyday life of citizens, expansion of consumerism, and new lifestyles in social and cultural life, the project focuses on the changing patterns of the social consensus both in East and West.

Conceptually, the project tries to utilize post-revisionist writings in the study of state socialism, especially in regard to ideology. It focuses on a close relation and a productive junction between the form of official doctrine on the one hand, and its realization in everyday life on the other hand. In both the East and the West, we can trace a specific tension – and co-existence – between the official ideological language and its everyday adoption and subversion. The project traces the specific adoption and normalization of ideological language in respective countries, and seeks possible general patterns in creating and reproducing social consensus in the East and West. How were these transformations related to a rising plurality of everyday attitudes and expectations in all societies of that time? How was this shift towards normalized and rather formalistic ideologies (though legitimizing “hard” property relations in both the East and the West) connected with the fact that people were increasingly acting as consumers, both in their expectations towards central state policies, and in their close environments? How did these shifts affect the legitimacy of redistributive practices typical for the earlier period of reconstruction?

The stay at the Aleksanteri Institute will be devoted to the Soviet case – a highly normalized ideology of “developed socialism” under Brezhnev, and its significance for the changing patterns of social consensus in the Soviet Union.

Personal website:


Academic hosts at the Aleksanteri Institute: Katalin Miklossy and Sari Autio-Sarasmo