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Anna Korhonen
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Eeva Korteniemi
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aleksanteri-fellows [at] helsinki.fi

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Location & Connections

 

Visiting Fellows 2014-2015

“The Building of a Socialist Community. Social Ties in Czechoslovakia and Poland (1929-1989)”
Fellowship period: June, 2015

Biography:
Roman Krakovsky is Associate Researcher at Centre d’études des mondes russe, caucasien et centre-européen at EHESS in Paris. He graduated in International Relations from Inalco in Paris and holds a PhD in Contemporary History from the Sorbonne University. Previously, he held a Research Fellowship at Cefres in Prague, at Open Society Archives in Budapest and at Polish History Museum in Warsaw. His book, Réenchanter le monde. L’espace et le temps en Tchécoslovaquie communiste, will be published by Publications de la Sorbonne in 2014.
The leading theme of his research is the analysis of the mechanisms of social cohesion in Central and Eastern Europe under communist rule. In his early work, he investigated how communist regimes tried to create, maintain and renew the sense of belonging to the socialist community by manipulating symbolic forms such as emblems, monuments or rituals. He later analysed how Czechoslovak communist regime shaped social frameworks of time and space which provide a common ground for everyday life and determine how individuals and groups perceive their environment. His PhD Thesis dedicated to these issues received The Fraenkel Prize in Contemporary History of the Wiener Library (London), Prix d’histoire sociale of the Foundation Maison des sciences de l’homme (Paris) and Accessit Thesis Prize of the Varenne Foundation (Paris).

Abstract of current research:
The aim of his current project is to analyse social ties in Poland and Czechoslovakia in a broader chronological perspective. The social ties include any relationship between two or more individuals. Shaped by shared rules, values and identities, they contribute to define the individual’s standing in society and the feeling of belonging to the community. The soviet-type regimes intended to develop after 1945 an alternative project of society. By planning to create a new man and a new way of developing interpersonal relations, they meant to reinvent social ties. The analysis of these ties is therefore a prerequisite of any study of communist regimes. It permits to observe how the individual connected to others in an environment where he was strongly associated to the collective. It permits also to study how citizens’ community and common interest were defined in regimes where the principles of democratic dialogue were not respected.

During his research fellowship at the Aleksanteri Institute, he will work on the paper analysing how the orphans were institutionally taken in charge in Czechoslovakia and in Poland following the Great Depression and the Second World War.

Email: roman.krakovsky [at] ehess.fr

Personal website: http://romankrakovsky.jimdo.com/  

Academic hosts at the Aleksanteri Institute: Katalin Miklossy and Markku Kangaspuro