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Location & Connections

 

Visiting Fellows 2012-2013

 

Institute

Anne Le Huérou, School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS) / University Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, France

“’Civic control’ on law enforcement agencies in Russia: Confronting violence and reshaping State / society relations”
Fellowship period tbc

Biography:
Anne Le Huérou is a sociologist (PhD) at the CERCEC (Centre d’Etudes des mondes Russe, Caucasien et Est-européen, EHESS/CNRS) in Paris and from September 1, 2012 will start as an assistant professor of Russian studies at University Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense. To date, she has conducted research on various issues concerning contemporary Russian Politics and Society, including local and regional politics and administration, social mobilisations, Chechen war and its consequences in the Russian society, labour migrations, patriotism in everyday life. Her on-going research is a part of the collective project Understanding Violence in Russia. She is also the coordinator of Russian-French scientific exchange programme at Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme in Paris. She is member of the Board of the Electronic Journal PIPSS, Power Institutions in Post-Soviet societies, currently preparing an issue on police reform in Russia and the CIS.

Her recent publications include: “A ‘Chechen Syndrom’? Russian Veterans of the Chechen War and the Transposition of War Violence to Society”, in War Veterans in Postwar Situations: Chechnya, Serbia, Turkey, Peru, and Côte d’Ivoire, Palgrave/Macmillian: 2012, (with E. Sieca-Kozlowski). “Diaspora as a multi-tiered resource for migration policy and its confrontation to migrant strategies: the case of Omsk”, proceedings of the conference The Caucasus and Central Asia Twenty Years after Independences: Questionning the notion of ’South countries’, dec. 2011 , p. 207-215 ; "Un État en guerre", in Gilles Favarel-Garriges et Kathy Rousselet (Dir.), La Russie Contemporaine, Fayard, 2010 ; “Russia’s War in Chechnya: The Discourse of Counter-Terrorism and the Legitimation of Violence”, in Samy Cohen (dir.) Democracies at War against Terrorism¸ London, Palgrave MacMillian, 2008, p.211-232. [with Amandine Regamey].

Abstract of current research:
My current research project, conducted within the CERCEC based project "Understanding Violence in Russia: War, Institutions, Society" (City of Paris Emergence programme), deals with the question of police violence in contemporary Russia. Considering the way this question has become a growing stake both for State policies and for the society, my focus is examining the transformation of the law enforcement institutions through the establishment of a what both authorities and stakeholders from the non State sector call “civic control" (grazhdanskij or obshchestvennyj kontrol’). This notion can include such institutionalized mechanisms as Public monitoring commissions over detention facilities (in Russian ONK-obshchestvennye nabljudatel’nye komissii), but also many various ways of expressing protest, seeking justice for police crimes, or proposing expertise in legislation improvement. My aim is to provide with an analysis based on in depth field research, already partly done, to help understanding how stakeholders from the society are in capacity to challenge and remedy police abuse by establishing a set of various attitudes and strategies towards law enforcement institutions. By analyzing those elements, I wish to understand how the question of violence is addressed by the State and by the society. This will also contribute to the understanding of State/society relations, in particular in the perspective of modernization of the Russian state. A third aspect of the research that I hope I’ll have the opportunity to develop during my stay at Aleksanteri Institute deals with legacy of the soviet past: Talking of today’s “civic control” leads many to evoke the “narodny control” that existed in the Soviet system. Is this parallel established just for a convenient use of a close term, or does it testify a more in depth parallel to be established and further investigated?.

Email: anne.lehuerou [at] free.fr

Academic hosts at the Aleksanteri Institute: Anna-Liisa Heusala and Markku Kivinen