Director of the Visiting Fellows Programme
Anna Korhonen
Head of International Affairs
tel. +358-(0)50-563 63 07

Coordinator
Eeva Korteniemi
tel. +358-(0)50-4150 571

aleksanteri-fellows [at] helsinki.fi

Aleksanteri Institute
P.O.Box 42 (Unioninkatu 33)
FI-00014 University of Helsinki

Telephone: +358 (0) 2941 23544

aleksanteri [at] helsinki.fi
firstname.lastname [at] helsinki.fi

Location & Connections

 

Visiting Researchers

 

Dr. Atsushi Ogushi
Associate Professor of Department of Politics at Keio University and research associate of the Slavic Research Center of Hokkaido University

Visiting researcher at the Aleksanteri Institute from April 2016 to March 2018.
Contact email: oatsushi@law.keio.ac.jp

 

Biography:

Atsushi Ogushi is Associate Professor of Department of Politics at Keio University. He is also research associate of the Slavic Research Center of Hokkaido University. He obtained his PhD from University of Glasgow (PhD in Politics). His English publications include The Demise of the Soviet Communist Party (Routledge, 2008), Post-Communist Transformations, co-edited with Tadayuki Hayashi, (The Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University, 2009), a chapter in Shinichiro Tabata ed. Eurasia’s Regional Powers Compared (Routledge, 2015) and some articles that appeared in Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics and Europe-Asia Studies. His research interests cover the Soviet collapse, party politics in Russia and Ukraine, and Russian and Ukrainian political elites.

Short description of ongoing research:

His research at the Aleksanteri Institute intends to clarify the reasons for the establishment of the centralized political regimes in post-communist Russia and Ukraine by analysing their elites. Based on the elite database, which he is currently working on for the last few years, this research project will analyse the degree of professionalization of Russian and Ukrainian bureaucracies, the turnover of parliamentary deputies, interpenetration of political and economic elites, and so forth.

Although most of the elite studies so far have been sociological in that these researches demonstrate elites’ career backgrounds as siloviki, this research project tries to move the focus to ‘institutions’. For example, it will consider the positional stability of Russian and Ukrainian civil (state) servants by demonstrating how long one can serve as a deputy minister in Russia and Ukraine, whether Russian civil (state) servants tend to move to other ministries or stay and get promoted within a single ministry, and so forth. By discussing these issues, this research attempts to demonstrate that although in post-communist Russia and Ukraine some of the ministries and parliamentary deputies are reasonably professionalized, the professionalization itself leads to strong bureaucratic departmentalism in both countries. The strong post-communist presidency is, at least in part, necessary to coordinate departmental ministries and reach the final decision in the policy process. Thus, this research will demonstrate the institutional reasons for the establishment of the centralized political regimes under a strong president. Although many recent studies on the political regimes in post-communist Eurasia discuss political struggles of clans or factions, public support, elites’ choices at critical junctures and so on, only a few pay attention to institutional aspects like bureaucratic departmentalism. Therefore, this research project will contribute to our understanding of the political regimes in Russia and Ukraine.