Conference e-mail

The Aleksanteri Institute

Unioninkatu 33 (P.O. Box 42)
00014 University of Helsinki

Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Liudmila Cheglakova (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow), Elena M. Kolesnikova (Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia) and Irina Kozina (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia)

Motivation of Profession's Choice and Factors of Preservation of Professional Loyalty of Young Women–Engineers

For the last decades the number of women who had entered to the Universities was sharply increased, having exceeded such indicators for men in some countries. But the gender segregation in higher education remains as such as domination of men in technical professions in the segment of STEM. Urgency women’s involvement issue of STEM sectors of higher education and employment is defined as importance of ensuring equality of women's access to high-status professions and as such the needs of high-tech industries in professionals. In last 10 years the stratum of researches devoted to an explanation of low number of women with high technical education is growing (Cech 2013, Charles & Bradley 2009, Ramirez & Wotipka 2001). The majority of these issues are based on the analysis of macro-factors, but the microanalysis of individual strategy no less important. It allow to clear up a number of the aspects connected with justification and the argument of positions of the women who are realizing professional pits in technical sphere. Project studies the motivation in profession choice and factors of professional loyalty сconservation for young women - engineers. The sphere of engineering work, a part of STEM, often is considered as paradigmatically "inhospitable" professional environment for women (Faulkner 2009). We address the analysis of qualitative data for an explanation of problems which women endure in traditionally "male’s" segments of education and employment. The research reported that characteristics of the professional environment have more significant effect on the choice and further career of engineers than commitment to gender essentialist ideologies (Ridgeway & Correll 2004). The empirical base of the research is 18 in-depth interviews with graduates from Engineer specialty of Universities at the age of 21 - 25 years who is working as STEM professionals.