Conference e-mail

The Aleksanteri Institute

Unioninkatu 33 (P.O. Box 42)
00014 University of Helsinki

Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Elena Bogomiagkova (Saint Petersburg State University, Russia)

Contradictions of Russian Demographic Policy in Post-Soviet Period

Demographic policy tending to population growth and improving the quality of life is a priority direction of the state activity in contemporary Russia. Among the main ways of improving the current situation, there are mechanisms of stimulating both the birth rate and the formation of the values of traditional families. This area is supported by numerous social programs, activities of the state and non-state (NGO) organizations leading to the formation of desirable reproductive behavior. For example, in the present time in Russia Pro-Life movement is very active in abortion ban. There are such programs as «Maternal capital», «Affordable housing for the Youth» etc. From time to time legislators call to introduce a tax on small families and childless couples. ART is sometimes expected to not only be a means to alleviate the individual sufferings from involuntary childlessness, but also as a potential policy lever to raise fertility rates in Russia. Based on the analysis of statistics, current legislation, social programs of support of motherhood and childhood, media publications in Post-Soviet Russia we consider the main tendencies, trajectory and contradictions arising in the implementation of modern demographic policy. So, we were interested in the transformation of gender and family roles, changes in values and attitudes. In addition, we focused on the transformations in female body perception on both the state and personal levels. The latent effects of the realization of these programs are the medicalization of pregnancy and infertility treatment and the emergence of new forms of discrimination and social exclusion.