Conference e-mail

The Aleksanteri Institute

Unioninkatu 33 (P.O. Box 42)
00014 University of Helsinki

Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Yuliya Balashova (Saint Petersburg State University, Russia)

Traditions of the Russian Science Mediatization

The Russian future fundamentally depends on the level of science and technology development. One of the indicators of its effectiveness is science publicity, openness to society. In the USSR times, the Soviet science success was a component of the state imperial idea. In all modern developed countries, the social authority of science is extremely high. If Russia claims to occupy some leadership positions in the world, then we must adopt the global process ‘science with and for society’. Meanwhile, in Russia, over the XVIII – XX centuries, a unique model of cooperation between science and society has been established. Russian science has never been separated from the public life, and Russian scientists, aware of his mission, gravitated toward various forms of publicity. In Russia, even methodological school maintained itself through the journalistic discourse. Russian universities traditionally have been involved into the social communications system. The purpose of scientific popularization was conceived as a development of the audience world view. The leading role in this direction has traditionally belonged to the scientific community and popular science journalism. The knowledge model in the West is based on science vs. art separation. Meanwhile, the idea of the different sciences commonwealth is the central to the whole Russian science popularization tradition. So, in a classic Russian “thick” journal departments of science and literature were organically mixed. Together, the marked properties provided certain advantages to the Russian science, even in comparison with the leading in terms of scientific communication Anglo-Saxon countries. However, the structural model in the post-Soviet period turned out to be largely lost. Russian science mediatization mechanisms are not actually investigated. At the same time overcoming the crisis in modern science requires to adapt these mechanisms to the current situation and implementation in practice.