Head of the Organising Committee
Sanna Turoma
sanna.turoma [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Coordinator
Kaarina Aitamurto
kaarina.aitamurto [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Secretary
Maarit Elo-Valente
maarit.elo-valente [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Intern
Miikka Piiroinen
miikka.piiroinen [at] helsinki.fi

Conference e-mail:
fcree-aleksconf [at] helsinki.fi


The Aleksanteri Institute

Unioninkatu 33 (P.O. Box 42)
00014 University of Helsinki
phone +358-(0)50-3565 802

aleksanteri [at] helsinki.fi

 

Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Gregory Popov (Moscow Technological Institute, Russia)

"We Are Not the West": The Intellectual Opposition to Modernization in Russia in the Late XIX - Early XX Centuries and 1990 - XXI Century in Comparison and Its Socio-Economic Background

The idea of the special Russian path of development commands no little share of public attention in Russia now. The opposition to modernization had place in Russia in the late XIX - early XX centuries, its roots were in the slavophilism. The opposition to modernization in Russia has developed primarily within narodnichestvo. There were also individual forms of the protest against modernization, for example Leo Tolstoy had become a dissident, who was against modernization, after participating in the 1897 census. The major purpose of this report to examine social and economic background of the opposition to modernization in Russia today and about a hundred years ago. We wish to point out general trends in economic development in Russia, which created the social base for the protest agaist modernization. The main problem now and more hundred years ago is a social stratification in Russia. Opponents to modernization in XIX century and now appeal to the problem of the poverty in Russia. The main idea of the report: accelerated modernization of Russia in the XIX century aimed to overcome the backwardness, but this policy was followed by the growth of poverty on the background of economic growth and increasing export revenues; the increasing export and construction of railways in Eastern regions of Russia were the ground of the policy of accelerated development in the Russian Empire, economic development in the end of XX - XXI centuries in Russia is similar, but pipelines are instead railways; hence, the social base of the protest against modernization in the Russian Empire and modern Russia has a many common lines. A distinctive feature of the modern Russian opposition to modernization is its attempts to cooperate with the state.