Head of the Organising Committee
Sanna Turoma
sanna.turoma [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Coordinator
Kaarina Aitamurto
kaarina.aitamurto [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Secretary
Maarit Elo-Valente
maarit.elo-valente [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Intern
Miikka Piiroinen
miikka.piiroinen [at] helsinki.fi

Conference e-mail:
fcree-aleksconf [at] helsinki.fi


The Aleksanteri Institute

Unioninkatu 33 (P.O. Box 42)
00014 University of Helsinki
phone +358-(0)50-3565 802

aleksanteri [at] helsinki.fi

 

Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Mikhail Mikeshin (The National Mineral Resources University "Gorny", Russia)

The Image of Science in Russian Education

Modernization in Russia, however it is interpreted by Russian politicians or intellectuals, should be based on science. But what is science? How are modern Russian educated people taught at schools and universities to understand it? How can the 'typical', popular image of science be described? This presentation attempts to deal with these questions. The majority of teachers at Russian universities never participated in international scientific activities, are not acquainted with the international science ethos, and judge science by their local personal experience, textbooks, hearsay, and courses of history and philosophy of sciences. The local science comes to the teachers as a highly bureaucratic system ruled by the university administration. Everything is strictly planned and should be approved and reported. Authorities in science are also marked administratively: a head of a department is more authoritative than a professor, any rector is, of course, more influential in science than any other person at the university. Any idea of academic freedom has died out, 'community of researchers' sounds absolutely formal. Groups of researches are defined not by their professional interests, but by their institutions. In theoretical courses that students attend science is described as a united mental domain in which ideas struggle or impregnate each other, copulate and give birth to other ideas. Science is moved by great minds, mainly under the state guidance and support. Kuhn's doctrine is treated extremely un-sociologically. Russian textbooks on philosophy of science are still based upon Leninism literally, that is upon Lenin's explanation of the revolution in physics. Thus the image of science in most Russian minds is still a hundred-years-old one and cries for radical modernization.