Head of the Organising Committee
Sanna Turoma
sanna.turoma [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Coordinator
Kaarina Aitamurto
kaarina.aitamurto [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Secretary
Maarit Elo-Valente
maarit.elo-valente [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Intern
Miikka Piiroinen
miikka.piiroinen [at] helsinki.fi

Conference e-mail:
fcree-aleksconf [at] helsinki.fi

The Aleksanteri Institute

Unioninkatu 33 (P.O. Box 42)
00014 University of Helsinki
phone +358-(0)50-3565 802

aleksanteri [at] helsinki.fi


Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Natalia Kharadze (Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia) & Kakhaber Chikhradze (Georgian Technical University)

Cultural Parallels Between Russia and Georgia and Their Effect on Women Employment

The work "Cultural parallels between Russia and Georgia and their effect on women employment" deals with evolutionary processes, which have been passed by both states from the period of Soviet Russia up to now, as well as with changes and development trends taking place in the culture of two nations during last two centuries, how the drive for the idea of finding a "patron" and westernization was developed, what was attempted on the way toward human freedom and what efforts were made for attaining this goal. It is interesting to follow up how the collectivist culture was formed in these two nations, where social unit is represented by kindred, friendship, connections. Decision making occurred namely according to norms established in this group, and traditions and culture played a major role in it. In the work are described the issues of women emancipation in Soviet Union. Soviet Union was one of the first countries, which made serious changes in the western world. In 1917, after the October (Russian) revolution took place an establishment of new formation, where one of the problems was the gender issue. In 1918 the Bolshevik's Constitution was adopted, which declared juridical equality of woman and man in all spheres of social life. That was an attempt to create a woman, who was employed, was able to keep herself and family without man's intervention, to raise self-esteem and social consciousness. In this work we also deal with the gaps and features originated in this regard, in formation of which the major role was also played by culture. The analysis of women balance on a higher (leaders) level is also of great interest, since the subordination to patriarchal relations is clearly manifested. From the very beginning of creation of Soviet Union this state formally recognized the gender equality of woman and man. Soviet ideology established clearly defined obligations of woman and man, which was manifested in profession selection and in the employment process. The results of 1937 reprisals and ensuing World War Two had a certain impact on peculiarities of women employment. Stereotype of "Soviet woman" was established in this period. After the collapse of Soviet Union started the formation of new stereotype that is very complicated process. In the end of the work are given the problems of women employment in modern Russia and Georgia, against the background that 40% of employed population worldwide is represented by women. It is interesting to follow up, what trends are manifested in our countries and what is a forecast, to what extent is possible to achieve real progress in the development of economy through equal participation of woman and man in this process.