Head of the Organising Committee
Sanna Turoma
sanna.turoma [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Coordinator
Kaarina Aitamurto
kaarina.aitamurto [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Secretary
Maarit Elo-Valente
maarit.elo-valente [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Intern
Miikka Piiroinen
miikka.piiroinen [at] helsinki.fi

Conference e-mail:
fcree-aleksconf [at] helsinki.fi

The Aleksanteri Institute

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00014 University of Helsinki
phone +358-(0)50-3565 802

aleksanteri [at] helsinki.fi


Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Anton Kazun & Andrei Yakovlev (Higher School of Economics, Russia)

The Quality of Law Enforcement System in Russian Regions: an Assessment of Attorneys

In recent years, Russian government carried out several reforms of law enforcement system, particular the reform of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in 2009, the splitting of the Investigative Committee and the Prosecutor's Office in 2011, continuing judicial reform etc. These measures were a reaction to the growing critique of the quality of law enforcement system by civil society and an attempt to solve the problems of corruption, rent-seeking behavior and arbitrariness of enforcement officers. However, these reforms were not successful enough partly because they relied on the internal reporting of law enforcement agencies, which have high incentives for the distortion of the information. In our research, we develop an instrument for external and less biased estimation of the quality of law enforcement based on the assessment of Russian attorneys.

We use the data from the anonymous survey of 3317 attorneys in 35 Russian regions. The HSE Institute of for Industrial and Market Studies and the Institute for the Rule of Law of the European University in St. Petersburg have conducted this research in 2014 with the support of Federal Chamber of Attorneys in Russia. This data has allowed us to make a classification of Russian regions into three groups: (1) regions with high number of violations both by judges and by investigators, (2) regions with relatively low number of violations both by judges and by investigators and (3) regions with relatively high number of violations at the stage of investigation, but low in the courts. This finding also corresponds to the date of Center of Public Procedures "Business against corruption": the level of violent corporate raiding is significantly higher in the regions with bad quality of both the courts and the investigation committee. We argue that our classification shows pain points in Russian law enforcement system and allows to define regions and enforcement offices where the situation is better. In our paper we compare the regions with good and bad quality of law enforcement system in order to reveal the economic, political and social preconditions for differences in the law enforcement practice.