Head of the Organising Committee
Sanna Turoma
sanna.turoma [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Coordinator
Kaarina Aitamurto
kaarina.aitamurto [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Secretary
Maarit Elo-Valente
maarit.elo-valente [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Intern
Miikka Piiroinen
miikka.piiroinen [at] helsinki.fi

Conference e-mail:
fcree-aleksconf [at] helsinki.fi

The Aleksanteri Institute

Unioninkatu 33 (P.O. Box 42)
00014 University of Helsinki
phone +358-(0)50-3565 802

aleksanteri [at] helsinki.fi


Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Ekaterina Glukhova (Higher School of Economics in Saint-Petersburg, Russia)

Practices of Experts' Participation in Decision-making Process within Commissioner for Human Rights Activities

In contemporary Russia governmental bodies initiate development of various public, expert and consultative bodies, which consequently become for the government the only legitimate mechanisms of experts' participation. However, these structures might be hardly characterized as effective. The members of such councils themselves "often complain about the fact that powers and authorities of these structures are advisory, therefore if the council develops recommendations which are unfavorable for the decision-makers, these recommendations are usually ignored. Consequently, amount of information about existing problems and possible ways of their solution is quite limited and government becomes isolated from adequate information. D. Guston in his works describes principles of functioning specific boundary organizations which appear on the borders of different social worlds (science, civil society and governmental bodies). These organizations' aims are to integrate science in decision-making process, create common identity for problem solvers with different identities and legitimate the experts' opinion within decision-makers.

On the one hand, Russian Ombudsman institution is able to function as a boundary organization, capable of development of the dialogue between these structures and transformation of experts' knowledge into concrete recommendations in Human rights sphere accepted by the government. Moreover, the analysis of few regions' practices proves that. On the other hand, such integration of the experts' recommendation faces some obstacles, like lack of the governmental initiatives and interest to the experts' opinion, lack of sustainable mechanisms of experts' participation in decision-making, which limits experts' participation as "agents" and "principals", imperfection of independent experts involvement strategies. Moreover governmental bodies are extent of primary consultations on the stage of initiation, on the stages of innovations development and implication experts are not engaged, therefore the innovation process stops and to continue integration of innovations Ombudsman have to supervise the process regularly and "push" the government.