Head of the Organising Committee
Sanna Turoma
sanna.turoma [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Coordinator
Kaarina Aitamurto
kaarina.aitamurto [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Secretary
Maarit Elo-Valente
maarit.elo-valente [at] helsinki.fi

Conference Intern
Miikka Piiroinen
miikka.piiroinen [at] helsinki.fi

Conference e-mail:
fcree-aleksconf [at] helsinki.fi

The Aleksanteri Institute

Unioninkatu 33 (P.O. Box 42)
00014 University of Helsinki
phone +358-(0)50-3565 802

aleksanteri [at] helsinki.fi


Past Aleksanteri Conferences

Julia Balashova (Saint Petersburg State University, Russia)

The Transformation of Media Criticism Functions in Contemporary Russia

Media criticism is a new trend of Russian journalism. It seems to be perspective direction of media research and journalistic practices. Media criticism presents the mechanism of media self-control, self-consciousness. At the same time it promotes social responsibility of media and their accountability to society. In this context in Russia, in the 1990s, has been developed the concept of media criticism as a part of mediacracy. At the same time it should be borne in mind that Russian media criticism formed on the base of actual critical discourse with the culture-centered character. In Russia, through the way of criticism media have traditionally been associated with other media and cultural paradigm. In Western practice media criticism plays a significant role in the relationship of the expert community and media. Method of media critical analysis in Russia is different from the Western analogues.

In the view of the literary type of Russian culture, Russian literature has always been more than a fiction and in turn criticism has moved closer to journalism. Like the sacral status of the writer, the author of critical articles in Russia historically appeared to be as a ruler of the minds. Recently in Russia the total number of journalistic materials in various genres of media criticism has been reduced. This fact indicates some kind of problems in the aspect of relations: power -media - society. Media criticism is the prerogative of civil society; it increases public confidence to the media. The importance of media criticism would indicate an adequate process of self-regulation inside the journalistic community. Today media criticism is not aimed at discussion of the essential features of the media process. Basically it has any abstract character (traditional press reviews), or It represents the analysis of ratings (sociological media criticism by Arina Borodina). The discussion often turns out to be questions of cultural science media (TV analysis by Irina Petrovskaya). As it has always been accepted in Russia, public discourse mimics a cultural, use protective culture mechanism.