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Grachev, Mikhail

Latitudinal determinant as a characteristic trait of the Russian geopolitical tradition

Despite the fact that the first Russian writer who was directly involved in the development problems of geopolitics was Peter Savitzky (1895–1968), a prominent figure of the Eurasian community of the post-revolutionary emigration, it can be argued that in general the Russian geopolitical tradition has a long history. Lucid shares geopolitical plan of the Kievan Russia’s actions can be traced back to the pre-Christian epoch when the Grand Prince Svyatoslav I (942–972) changed the direction of gathering the Slavic lands from the meridian to the latitude. The continuing struggle for picking up all the lands of the Eastern Slavs to the Carpathians in the West and decisive expansion to the East down to the coast of the Pacific Ocean have demonstrated the predominance of the latitude geopolitical strategy in the development of the foreign policy of the Russia for many years. The fact that the national emblem of the Russia became the Byzantine double-headed eagle, at the same time looking to the West and the East, it can be interpreted from the point of view of such submissions.  In the USSR, geopolitics does not officially exist. But it would be wrong to say that the Soviet leaders were not aware of the geopolitical problems facing the state. Their particularly evident geopolitical logic emerged during the Second World War in the course of the conference leaders of the three Allied powers held in Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam. After the war, during the Cold War, when the World was formed by two hostile blocks, respectively, with the United States and the Soviet Union in its heads, the geopolitical confrontation reached a global scale, however, re-interpreted in the latitudinal dimension as the opposition between the East and the West.