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2013
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Bulatova, Elena

Russian Migrants’ Integration Policy and Resistance to Youth Xenophobia: Saint-Petersburg Case

The paper deals with the problems of Russian migrants’ integration policy and strategies of resistance to the youth extremism. The main goal is to show the problem points and to analyze the effectiveness of work carried out in the field of resistance to xenophobic moods among the youth. According to the Federal State Statistic Service report by the year 2030 the number of employable population in Russia will have declined by almost 12,1 million people. Labor migration and immigration are considered to be one of the most effective ways to compensate the depopulation and the deficit of human resources and are supposed to become the main elements of the economic potential buildup. In this situation the problems of migrants’ assimilation and socialization processes become essential. 

The issue of cultural adaptation and socialization of migrants of different ethnic origins becomes even more topical and burning than the economic or political aspects of migration processes.  According to the statistic reports, the public mood remains rather xenophobic, despite the fact that most respondents condemn the racist and violent actions towards migrants from Asia or China, the certain part supports the skinheads’ ideology and world outlook, although criticizing their methods. Researchers mention the fact that the youth are now showing the higher level of intolerance, moreover, xenophobia of the youth has obvious subcultural origins. Although the number of violent actions has recently decreased, the problem of youth hatred and hostility hasn’t been solved. On that premise several programs (“Tolerance” (2005-2010, 2011-2015) “Migration” (2012) were proposed by Saint-Petersburg Government, first aimed to prevent and to resist intolerance, and especially, the youth hatred to “cultural aliens” and the second aimed to optimize the migration flows. The paper’s goal is to analyze the main paragraphs and ideas of the “Tolerance” program, to reveal its results and show that it suffers from certain shortcomings.