iskakova, gulnar


Social and Cultural Context of Human Rights: Dialogue of Cultures East-West

A tense situation between Universality of human rights and cultural peculiarities of different societies revealed the contradiction between the universal character of global civilization and its cultural orientation. Despite the grown influence and even pressure of western values the differences between West and East remain quite essential from the point of view of human rights.

When discussing the problems of universality and development of national culture, its originality, there appear the questions about which politicians, researchers and the public are concerned with: “How can human rights be provided in the society characterized by cultural diversity? How to achieve recognition and equal respect of cultural diversity and wholeness in circumstances of increasing integration of the world community? ”

The article considers the reason of contemporary discrepancies in politics of human rights in East and West and analyzes features of approaches to human rights in different countries

Politicians and scientists of some eastern countries define the category “Human Rights” as a phenomenon, which is characteristic of only western societies and not corresponding to national culture and traditions of eastern societies and therefore the category “Human Rights” is relative but not universal. The countries of Afro-Asian region criticized the principle of human rights and considered that it reflects only European values and doesn’t take into consideration national, religious, historical peculiarities of every state or a group of states, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which represents the Judaic and Christian traditional opinions that cannot be used by Muslims and don’t correspond to the system of values of not western societies.

In the article the author basing on existing  concepts of human rights and practice of implementation of international standards there appears  the necessity of the universality principle , not denying, but expecting a national and cultural diversity universality.

Friday 26 October 09:00-11:00 Panels VII, Panel 19 Changing Values and the Idea of Democracy (Hall 8)