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Aleksanteri Conference







Yalcinkaya, Alaeddin

Cold War Nostalgia and Eurasianist Politics

By the 1990s, the Cold War era ended and the New World Order started. This change was Russian ceasing as a super power; because of that reality it was very difficult for socialist bloc leaders to accept new international system. However, by the beginning of new millennium, not only defeated Russia of ex-era but also victorious US were not so happy about new order because of lack of powerful enemy to set military bases in important areas. So especially in 2000s some world war tests were observed in international area.
Clinton and Yeltsin administrations may be accepted as lacking entirely in cold war relations. To some degree, this order had been continued in first years after 11 September, 2001. Whenever Bush administration wanted to settle bases in another country by reason of security, Putin administration responded in colder war style. In this process in some ex-Soviet countries, pro-US colored revolutions have been realized, in Afghanistan and in Iraq pro-US administrations have been come to power although there is no stability yet. US’s attempt of constructing new missile bases in Poland and Czech and very sharply rejecting of Russsian Federation to this move were accepted as starting of a new Cold War era.

However there were no fixed or standard Cold War relations between the Super Powers from the 1950s to 1989. So naming of international system was differed as little soft bipolar system, bipolar system and very soft bipolar system. By the 2000s or Putin and Bush administration, New World Order or unipolar system had been getting started to close a some bipolar system. By 2000s or by Putin and Bush administration new world order or depolarized system has begun to come closer to bipolar system.

In this presentation, the main peculiarities of international system of 2000s are discussed and by new presidency in the White House, some forecasts have been brought up on the direction of the forthcoming changes. After the provocative Bush policy on Russia to be again another super power, we see many reasons on international system to depart from the Cold War modes. In the light of US interest, Russian Eurasianist policies can be perceived not as reflections of a cold war nostalgia, but regional policy of a big power in some extent.

Saturday 31 Oct, 9.30-11.30 SESSION 7
Panel: The Old World Order: Reassessments and Re-conceptualisations