Nordic Russian and Eastern European Studies Conference
Intentions, Interactions and Paradoxes in Post-Socialist Space
24-25 May 2013 in Helsinki, Finland
Rustem Nureev (National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia)
Power-property in Post-Soviet Russia as a Path Dependence Problem
In the paper we answer the question, whether privatization facilitated market economy in Russia or not. We show that specific institutional system of power-property determined by traditions of oriental despotism underlies privatization inefficiency. From the viewpoint of power-property system constructed in the USSR a transfer of property rights from central authority to the enterprise level meant the collapse of pyramidal (or segmental) governance structure. However the collapse of hierarchy does not lead to efficient private property and economic development. Two ways of deprivatization (oligarchic and democratic) are considered.
This transformation leads to emergence of new mechanisms for supporting the old principles of governance. Aim of the paper is to study these mechanisms. We show that the vertical of governance is supported as well as "form the bottom" and "from the top". Support from the "bottom" is reflected in appearance of "focal points" in the election results, when election results are manipulated at the lowest levels of the power vertical (on the results at the level of the District Election Commissions). Support for the vertical of power "from the top" is expressed, as well as in creation of new formal institutions, strengthening the federal government (the abolition of the institution of elections of governors, the new introduction of presidential representatives in the federal districts, etc.), and by creation of new informal rules (the dependence of regional subsidies from governors loyalty, etc.)
Rustem M. Nureev is Professor and Head of the Department of Economics at the National Research University – Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia. His research interests include: Economic History, Microeconomics, Managerial Economics, Institutional Economics, Comparative Economic Systems, Development Economics, History of Economic Thought, Transformation of Economic Institutions in Post-Soviet Russia, Theory of Public Choice, New Political Economy. He has been Visiting Professor / Research Fellow in many different countries, including universities in Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Great Britain, Germany, USA, France and the Netherlands. He has contributed to over 400 publications (books, textbooks, articles) and his latest publications include: Economic Agents of Post-Soviet Russia (Institutional Analysis): Ten Years Later (chief editor and co-author) М.: МPSF, 2010; Russia and Europe: effect of a gauge (experience of the institutional analysis of history of economic development) (with prof. Latov) Kaliningrad, 2010; Russia: institutional development, Moscow, 2009.