User's Guide


WISE-L is the discussion list of the European women's studies network, Women's International Studies Europe (WISE). WISE, a European feminist studies organization, seeks to promote feminist critiques of knowledge, and support practices and research which will improve the quality of women's lives. This list is one of the many things WISE offers its members, as Section 13 of this guide explains. If you are not a member, we hope you will join today. Maintaining this list costs money, and our budget is limited.

WISE-L is a list for all practitioners of women's studies: teachers, students, scholars, writers, administrators, activists, etc.. It is a forum for information on research projects, funding sources, fellowships, job openings, conferences, calls for papers, teaching methods, course syllabi, useful texts, bibliographies, student and staff exchanges, women's studies program development, European or national policy issues, and political and theoretical debates concerning women's studies.

WISE-L is not the place for general discussion on issues of concern to feminists (see Sections 2 and 12).

WISE is a European network, open to all women doing women's studies in Europe or on European topics. While we hope women from around the globe will join us, European context(s) should offer the framework for our discussions.

A discussion list means that every message sent to the list address WISE-L@UTA.fi is redistributed automatically to all subscribers. We have no moderator, so messages are not filtered. Please read instructions below on what kind of messages are appropriate, on "netiquette," and on which address to use.

WISE-L User's guide

This guide was produced by WISE-L's "listowners" Judith Ezekiel <ezekiel@univ-tlse2.fr>, and Eva Isaksson <eisaksso@cc.helsinki.fi>. It was inspired by Joan Korenman's WMST-L Guide. We thank her for allowing us to use parts of it and for her pioneering work on the Net. In turn, if you use this guide, please acknowledge it.

1. What language should I use?

Subscribers should use English if possible. If not, they may use any language that can be transcribed into the Latin alphabet. Please eliminate special characters--such as accents, cedillas, umlauts, etc., since many programs translate them into other letters or signs. When responding to a message in a language that is different from the original one, please briefly summarize it in your language. So if you are sending a message in French in response to a message written in English, write a very brief summary in French of the original message. Be sure that your subject heading shows what language you are using.

Polyglots may wish to post messages in more than one language and/or translate messages that they find particularly interesting to widen our audience. However please be brief since some subscribers may pay according to connection time or per message received.

2. What messages are appropriate?

Please also read Section 4 carefully. If you have any questions, please contact Judith Ezekiel <ezekiel@univ-tlse2.fr>.

Although we recognize the essential links between women's studies and the women's movement, WISE-L is NOT an all-purpose feminist list: it focuses on Women's Studies teaching, research, theory, and policy issues. It is NOT an appropriate place for most discussions of male/female relations or gender-related societal problems. For information about other gender-related lists where such messages might more appropriately be sent, see Section 12.

Because heavy mail volume is a problem for lists, inquiries from beginning students seeking help with papers or class assignments should not be sent to WISE-L, unless they come from students in an area where access to resources is limited.

Please do not send virus alerts to the list. Nearly all are fakes.

All contributions to WISE-L will become part of the public domain and can be freely used, printed, copied or retransmitted if credit is given to the original author and the list. (One guide to citing electronic messages is available via http://www.cas.usf.edu/english/walker/mla.html

3. Netiquette and format for messages to the list

All subject headings should include a clear topic so that people will know whether your message is of interest to them. When asking a question, it is insufficient just to put "query". Many people automatically delete messages with no subject heading or with one that doesn't interest them. Be sure that your subject heading shows what language you are using; if it is not obvious from the title, you might add an abbreviation such as "Fr" for French; "It" for Italian, etc..

Please be brief. Remember, many people pay either per message or per hour connection time; others are inundated with messages and will sign off if our list has too many unnecessary things. For instance, when posting information on conferences, particularly national or regional ones, leave out forms and information about hotels.

If you are responding to someone else's posting, quote or summarize it before you offer your reply. If you're replying to a long message, do NOT quote it in its entirety (often done automatically when you hit a reply key)! Just give a few relevant lines.

Please put your name and email address at the end of every posting. It is important that people be able to contact you privately if they wish, and some mail systems do not identify the writer anywhere in the header. Don't include long or fancy logos with your signature. They take up too much space and slow down transmission.

NB: Many people forward messages from other sources. If you use the reply function, you will be answering the wrong person. Please verify the original sender.

Avoid over-using capitals. They seem rude. The following are ways to indicate italics: *title* or _title_

Remember that even if email messages tend to be more informal than published articles, anything you say here may be quoted.

If you've received interesting personal replies to a query you've posted, please remember to compile or summarize the information and post it to the list.

Finally, let us be patient with each other. Many of us are electronic beginners and not English-speakers. Please remember that this list hopes to be truly international, so be careful to indicate which country or region you are discussing, and to explain culturally-specific terms and issues to the best of your ability. Please avoid abbreviations (other than CFP, or call for papers).

4. How to send messages (difference between WISE-L@UTA.fi and LISTSERV@UTA.FI)

Messages that you wish to send to all WISE-L subscribers should be sent to WISE-L@UTA.fi This is where "content messages" go. Never send a message to WISE-L about your subscription.

Messages concerning your WISE-L subscription should be sent to LISTSERV@UTA.FI. If you wish to suspend mail temporarily or unsubscribe, for example, send the corresponding messages SET WISE-L NOMAIL or SIGNOFF WISE-L to LISTSERV@UTA.FI, not to WISE-L.

For more extensive information about LISTSERV commands, send LISTSERV@UTA.FI the following two-word message: INFO GENINTRO You'll receive a file entitled MEMO.

If you have a question about your subscription that you want a human being to read, do NOT send it to either WISE-L or LISTSERV. Instead, send it to WISE-L-REQUEST@UTA.fi Please limit these messages to a minimum since this consumes staff time, and our budget is very limited. Try to resolve technical problems with the computer person at your email service or institution first. If all else fails, you may also contact Eva Isaksson <eisaksso@cc.helsinki.fi>

5. Replying to WISE-L or replying privately

There are two ways to reply to a message you have received.

Replying to WISE-L@UTA.fi
This is appropriate when the contents are likely to be of interest to a large number of subscribers (i.e. suggestions for readings or teaching strategies, calls for papers, support for lobbying efforts, etc.).

The options of WISE-L are set so that when you use the 'reply' function of your mail program, your reply will go to the person to whom are responding (unless you chose the 'reply to all' or 'group reply' function). In order to get your message distributed to every subscriber, you have to include WISE-L@UTA.fi as a recipient of your message.

Replying privately
Often, private responses are appropriate. In this case, netiquette requires that the person who has made the query collate and/or summarize information received that might interest everyone and send it back to the list. A typical example is if you've asked for bibliographic references on a subject, you should later post the full bibliography. Or if you've conducted a survey, you should post a summary of the results. Examples of when you should reply privately: if you are writing to request a copy of a paper someone has mentioned; if you want to direct comments at a particular person (e.g., "Good point," or "Thanks for the info" ); general statements of approval or disapproval (e.g., "I'm glad someone finally said that!") .

6. Several options: the digest and different headings

For more information on LISTSERV commands, send the following email message to LISTSERV@UTA.FI INFO GENINTRO (no subject heading is necessary when sending commands) You will receive a file entitled MEMO.


Instead of receiving each message that has been to the WISE-L as separate mail messages, you can choose to receive them in digest format, i.e. several messages packaged into one mailing.

To switch into the WISE-L digest version, send the following message to LISTSERV@UTA.FI: SET WISE-L DIGESTS and if you want to switch back into undigested version, send the following message: SET WISE-L NODIGESTS


a) If your mail program does not clearly indicate who is the sender of a message, you can use the DUALHDR option. Send an email message to LISTSERV@UTA.FI with the following command in the body of your message: SET WISE-L DUALHDR

b) If your mail program does not clearly indicate when a message is from WISE-L, you can use the SUBJECTHDR option. This will insert the text "[WISE-L]" to the subject header of any messages received from the list. To switch into using the SUBJECTHDR option, send an email to: LISTSERV@UTA.FI with the following command in the body of your message: SET WISE-L SUBJECT

To return to the standard header, send the command FULLHDR to Listserv

7. Stopping mail temporarily

Send the following message to LISTSERV@UTA.FI (no subject heading is necessary): SET WISE-L NOMAIL

To start mail again, send the following message: SET WISE-L MAIL

8. Leaving the list; Resubscribing

You may leave the list at any time by sending the following message to LISTSERV@UTA.FI. Please note that this command must NOT be sent to the list address (WISE-L@UTA.fi) .


To subscribe, send the following message by email to LISTSERV@UTA.FI: SUB WISE-L Your Name (e.g., SUB WISE-L Jane Smith).

You will receive an automated reply, asking you to confirm your request. Just reply with the word OK in the body of your message. You will also receive a User's Guide with information on the list. A digest form is also available.

9. Problems


Only people whom the LISTSERV@UTA.FI recognizes as subscribers can post messages on WISE-L. To subscribe, send the following message to LISTSERV@UTA.FI
SUB WISE-L Your Name (e.g., SUB WISE-L Jane Smith).

If you've already subscribed to WISE-L and you run into problems, chances are that you subscribed under a different address than the one from which you sent your recent message. The LISTSERV@UTA.FI recognizes subscribers by their email address. If your email address has changed since you subscribed--sometimes your address is the same, but the mainframe of your institution has changed names--please contact WISE-L-REQUEST@UTA.fi privately (not via a message to WISE-L).


A. If you receive a message from LISTSERV informing you that your WISE-L options have been set to NOMAIL, that means that mail from the list was repeatedly returned as undeliverable, probably because of a mail problem on your system. The fact that LISTSERV's notification reached you indicates that the problem was probably short-lived and is now resolved. You can set yourself back to MAIL by sending the message SET WISE-L MAIL to LISTSERV@UTA.FI

B. If you haven't received a notification, but you also haven't received WISE-L mail for several days, send the following two-word message to LISTSERV@UTA.FI: QUERY WISE-L If your message is successful, you should get back a message from LISTSERV telling you how your "options" are set. The key part will look something like this:

> Subscription options for Jane Smith , list WISE-L:
> NOMAIL         You have temporarily turned off your subscription and will
>                not receive any mail from the list
> IETFHDR        "IETF" mail headers
> REPRO          You receive a copy of your own postings
> ACK            Short e-mail acknowledgement of successfully processed
>                postings

Your options may vary; the important part is NOMAIL. If the reply from LISTSERV does not include the NOMAIL option, contact your computer support staff to find out whether they're aware of a mail problem. If they don't know of any problem, contact WISE-L-REQUEST@UTA.fi privately. If the reply from LISTSERV includes NOMAIL, that means your subscription has been set to NOMAIL. The most likely explanation for its being set to NOMAIL is that mail started to bounce and your subscription was set to NOMAIL but the notification from LISTSERV bounced, too. In that case, contact your system's computer support staff to find out whether the problem has been solved. If it has, you can set yourself back to MAIL (see section A above).

10. Getting a list of subscribers

To get a current list of WISE-L subscribers, send the following message to LISTSERV@UTA.FI: REVIEW WISE-L You'll get back either a mail message with the subject heading "File: 'WISE-L LIST' being sent to you" or a message telling you that the list is being sent as a Net data file (not a mail file); listserv apparently chooses which method to use. The file contains a list of subscribers, arranged alphabetically by email node (the part of the e-mail address after the "@" sign), not by subscriber's name. If you prefer to receive the list sorted more or less alphabetically by subscriber's last name, send the following command: REVIEW WISE-L BY NAME

If you want the names arranged by country, say REVIEW WISE-L BY COUNTRY

11. WISE-L Archives and Files

Contributions sent to WISE-L as well as other files are automatically archived. The archives can be consulted on-line, or by sending the appropriate commands by email.

On the Web, go to the following site: http://listserv.uta.fi/archives/wise-l.html The archived messages can be searched by topic, author or date.

By email, to find out what logs are available, send the following command: INDEX WISE-L to LISTSERV@UTA.FI You will receive a list of the logs. To obtain them send the following command: GET WISE-L [filename]--filename is the name of the log file. For example: GET WISE-L LOG9609b will get you the log for the second week of September 1996.

WISE-L also stores other files of interest. To find out what files are available, send the INDEX WISE-L command as explained above, and then send LISTSERV the following command: GET [filename] WISE-L

Any subscriber may submit files. We are particularly interested in archiving directories, bibliographies, syllabi, reference documents, and articles related to WISE activities written in various languages. Please contact WISE-L-REQUEST@UTA.fi to discuss the question.

12. Related lists

WISE-L's web site: http://www.helsinki.fi/akka-info/wise-l/

WISE has a Web page, thanks to the work of Magda Michielsens : http://www.uia.ac.be/women/wise/

The Lesbian Studies Division in WISE also has an electronic mailing list of their own called "wild-list,"chaired by Liana Borghi and Claudia Koltzenburg. For a short introduction to its policy and purposes, please address: <majordomo@helsinki.fi> saying in the body of your message: info wild-list. You can also check out their Web page: http://www.sappho.net/wild. The division seeks to reach out to women without access to the Net, so please spread the word.

Comprehensive, frequently updated list of women- and gender-related electronic forums are available from several sources.

Joan Korenman keeps a remarkable file of electronic lists and forums at the following Web address: http://www-unix.umbc.edu/~korenman/wmst To get a copy by e-mail, send the message GET OTHER LISTS to LISTSERV@UMDD.UMD.EDU [NB: not to LISTSERV@UTA.FI]

13. Joining WISE

WISE-L is sponsored by WISE, and while it is currently open to all, we do hope that participants will join our association.

WISE, founded in 1990, is a European feminist studies association. We seek to further feminist critiques of knowledge, and support practices and research which will improve the quality of women's lives. WISE promotes women's studies research, teaching and publication, and defends women's studies on a European and international level in all appropriate institutions and organizations.

WISE is grounded in women's studies organizations throughout Europe. Wherever women's studies associations exist, they designate a representative to WISE. In other countries, representatives are either chosen locally or selected by WISE governing bodies. Today, there are national contacts in almost every country of Europe. WISE is supported by the European Commission and national ministries, and recognized as a Non-Governmental Organization by the United Nations and the Council of Europe.

Members receive our regular newsletter, WISE Women's News, as well as special publications such as our European Women's Studies Guide (now in its 2nd edition) and guides to funding sources for women's studies. Full membership also includes a subscription to the European Journal of Women's Studies, a trimestrial scholarly journal, published by Sage, launched in 1994 by WISE and the Dutch women's studies association. Reduced-price membership without the European Journalis also available (see membership form below). You will still receive the newsletter and other publications.

WISE has been involved in organizing expert meetings and conferences, such as the congress 'Imaginary S/Objects. Women's Studies and Comparative Literature' (Florence 1995). It has supported national and international initiatives like the preparation of the Worldwide Organization of Women's Studies (WOWS). The Secretariat helps make women's studies visible and provides answers to thousands of queries from students, journalists, governmental officials, and others.

WISE members may participate in divisions. Divisions are networks on specific themes, such as "women's work, resources and state policies", "communication and cultural practices", "lesbian studies", "contemporary feminism and its strategies", "racism & discrimination in refugee and immigration policies in Europe", "women, science and technology" and "research on violence". The lesbian studies division, for instance, has held summer schools as a part of their three-phase project, "Thinking Space in European Lesbian Studies" and runs an electronic discussion forum, wild-list. The cultural practices division has recently launched a review of women's studies books published in languages other than English.

The WISE Secretariat is located in Utrecht, thanks to the generous support of the Dutch women's studies association and Ministry of Education.

Heidelberglaan 2
3584 CS Utrecht
phone: (31-30) 2531881
fax: (31-30) 2531277
email: <wise.secretariat@fss.uu.nl>

WISE-L's Web site: http://www.helsinki.fi/akka-info/wise-l/
WISE's Web site: http://women-www.uia.ac.be/women/wise
Wild-list's Web site (an electronic forum run by the lesbian studies division of WISE): http://www.sappho.net/wild


Below are *TWO* forms. The first, for full membership, should be sent to SAGE Publications. If you prefer reduced-price membership, please send the second form directly to the WISE Secretariat.



fax :

2002 RATE
Individuals: 40 English Pounds
(Institutions: 173 English Pounds)

Please charge my credit card
__American Express
Card number: _____________________________________
Expiry date: _______________________


___ I have enclosed an International Giro (Giro A/c no. 548 0353) for 40 Pounds

Send to: SAGE Publications Ltd., 6 Bonhill St, London EC2A 4PU, UK email: <subscription@sagepub.co.uk>


2002 RATE (you may send equivalent in local currency)
Individuals: 25 Euros (or equivalent)
Institutions: 50 Euros
Student rate/low income: 15 Euros



fax :

We strongly recommend that payment for reduced-price membership be made by credit card since bank transfers are very expensive. Only *Visa* credit cards are accepted..

Please charge my Visa credit card
Card number: _____________________________________
Expiry date: _______________________


Other methods of payment:
to our Postbank account no. 63.64.664, stating: WISE-member,
attn. WISE, Heidelberglaan 2, Utrecht, The Netherlands
___I have transfered _______ Euros by International Giro
___I have sent a Eurocheque for _______ Euros

Send this form to WISE; Heidelberglaan 2; 3584 CS Utrecht; Netherlands; fax 31 (0) 30 2531277; email: <wise.secretariat@fss.uu.nl>